Lignans from Bursera fagaroides Affect In Vivo Cell Behavior by Disturbing the Tubulin Cytoskeleton in Zebrafish Embryos
AbstractBy using a zebrafish embryo model to guide the chromatographic fractionation of antimitotic secondary metabolites, seven podophyllotoxin-type lignans were isolated from a hydroalcoholic extract obtained from the steam bark of Bursera fagaroides. The compounds were identified as podophyllotoxin (1), β-peltatin-A-methylether (2), 5′-desmethoxy-β-peltatin-A-methylether (3), desmethoxy-yatein (4), desoxypodophyllotoxin (5), burseranin (6), and acetyl podophyllotoxin (7). The biological effects on mitosis, cell migration, and microtubule cytoskeleton remodeling of lignans 1–7 were further evaluated in zebrafish embryos by whole-mount immunolocalization of the mitotic marker phospho-histone H3 and by a tubulin antibody. We found that lignans 1, 2, 4, and 7 induced mitotic arrest, delayed cell migration, and disrupted the microtubule cytoskeleton in zebrafish embryos. Furthermore, microtubule cytoskeleton destabilization was observed also in PC3 cells, except for 7. Therefore, these results demonstrate that the cytotoxic activity of 1, 2, and 4 is mediated by their microtubule-destabilizing activity. In general, the in vivo and in vitro models here used displayed equivalent mitotic effects, which allows us to conclude that the zebrafish model can be a fast and cheap in vivo model that can be used to identify antimitotic natural products through bioassay-guided fractionation. View Full-Text
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Antúnez-Mojica, M.; Rojas-Sepúlveda, A.M.; Mendieta-Serrano, M.A.; Gonzalez-Maya, L.; Marquina, S.; Salas-Vidal, E.; Alvarez, L. Lignans from Bursera fagaroides Affect In Vivo Cell Behavior by Disturbing the Tubulin Cytoskeleton in Zebrafish Embryos. Molecules 2019, 24, 8.
Antúnez-Mojica M, Rojas-Sepúlveda AM, Mendieta-Serrano MA, Gonzalez-Maya L, Marquina S, Salas-Vidal E, Alvarez L. Lignans from Bursera fagaroides Affect In Vivo Cell Behavior by Disturbing the Tubulin Cytoskeleton in Zebrafish Embryos. Molecules. 2019; 24(1):8.Chicago/Turabian Style
Antúnez-Mojica, Mayra; Rojas-Sepúlveda, Andrés M.; Mendieta-Serrano, Mario A.; Gonzalez-Maya, Leticia; Marquina, Silvia; Salas-Vidal, Enrique; Alvarez, Laura. 2019. "Lignans from Bursera fagaroides Affect In Vivo Cell Behavior by Disturbing the Tubulin Cytoskeleton in Zebrafish Embryos." Molecules 24, no. 1: 8.
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