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Open AccessCommunication

The Complete Chloroplast Genome of Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Using Illumina Sequencing

National Agrobiodiversity Center, National Academy of Agricultural Science, Rural Development Administration, Jeonju 560-500, Korea
Department of Forest Genetic Resources, Korea Forest Research Institute, Suwon 441-350, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Molecules 2015, 20(7), 13080-13088;
Received: 22 May 2015 / Revised: 6 July 2015 / Accepted: 16 July 2015 / Published: 20 July 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Diversity)
Chloroplast (cp) genome sequences provide a valuable source for DNA barcoding. Molecular phylogenetic studies have concentrated on DNA sequencing of conserved gene loci. However, this approach is time consuming and more difficult to implement when gene organization differs among species. Here we report the complete re-sequencing of the cp genome of Capsicum pepper (Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum) using the Illumina platform. The total length of the cp genome is 156,817 bp with a 37.7% overall GC content. A pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 50,284 bp were separated by a small single copy (SSC; 18,948 bp) and a large single copy (LSC; 87,446 bp). The number of cp genes in C. annuum var. glabriusculum is the same as that in other Capsicum species. Variations in the lengths of LSC; SSC and IR regions were the main contributors to the size variation in the cp genome of this species. A total of 125 simple sequence repeat (SSR) and 48 insertions or deletions variants were found by sequence alignment of Capsicum cp genome. These findings provide a foundation for further investigation of cp genome evolution in Capsicum and other higher plants. View Full-Text
Keywords: Capsicum; bird pepper; chloroplast; DNA sequencing Capsicum; bird pepper; chloroplast; DNA sequencing
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Raveendar, S.; Na, Y.-W.; Lee, J.-R.; Shim, D.; Ma, K.-H.; Lee, S.-Y.; Chung, J.-W. The Complete Chloroplast Genome of Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum Using Illumina Sequencing. Molecules 2015, 20, 13080-13088.

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