Special Issue "Ecological Risk Assessment of Emerging Pollutants in Drinking Water"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Water Quality and Contamination".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 April 2022) | Viewed by 3678

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Donghai Wu
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
College of Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing, China
Interests: aquatic environment protection; water treatment; drinking water; emerging pollutants; advanced oxidation processes; membrane filtration; ecological risk assessment
Prof. Dr. Zhenhua Yan
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
College of Environment, Hohai University, 1 Xikan Road, Nanjing, China
Interests: emerging pollutants; combined pollution; nanoparticles; interactions; ecological risk

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Due to their wide use and incomplete elimination, emerging pollutants have been frequently detected in various aquatic environments. Although the concentrations of these pollutants are generally found at low levels, their presence is considered to pose a threat to aquatic organisms and human health. However, the occurrence and risks of emerging pollutants in tap water and related water sources is still largely unknown. There is also limited information available on the removal, transportation, and transformation of aqueous emerging pollutants. Given that the emerging pollutants in drinking water may threaten human health, special attention should be paid to these pollutants.

We invite research and review papers on, but not limited to, the following research areas:

  • Detection methods for emerging pollutants in drinking water;
  • Ecological effect of emerging pollutants in water;
  • Ecological risk assessment of water contaminated with emerging pollutants;
  • Removal of emerging pollutants from water;
  • Transportation and transformation of emerging pollutants.

This Special Issue will include research from around the world to face the challenges associated with emerging pollutants in drinking water and the related risks.

Prof. Dr. Donghai Wu
Prof. Dr. Zhenhua Yan
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • emerging pollutants
  • drinking water
  • ecological risk
  • transportation
  • transformation
  • elimination
  • water source
  • ecological safety

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

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Article
Reactive Transport of NH4+ in the Hyporheic Zone from the Ground Water to the Surface Water
Water 2022, 14(8), 1237; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14081237 - 12 Apr 2022
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Abstract
Nowadays, ammonia nitrogen (NH4+) pollution gets more and more attention in drinking water sources. This study investigated the main behavior of biogeochemical NH4+ from groundwater to surface water in a hyporheic zone (HZ) sediment from a reservoir. The [...] Read more.
Nowadays, ammonia nitrogen (NH4+) pollution gets more and more attention in drinking water sources. This study investigated the main behavior of biogeochemical NH4+ from groundwater to surface water in a hyporheic zone (HZ) sediment from a reservoir. The experiments were conducted using synthetic groundwater to investigate ammonium transformation. The results indicated that ammonium concentration decreased, apparently resulting from the influence of microbial oxidation and ion exchange with Ca2+, Mg2+, K+, and Na+. However, all the ammonium in the sediment was oxidized, then the adsorbed NH4+ became bioavailable by being released back when NH4+ concentration decreased in the aqueous phase. The results showed NH4+ behavior in a HZ where the aerobic and anaerobic environments frequently exchange, with different hydrological conditions controlled by a strong coupling between microbial activities, geochemistry, hydrology, and ion exchange. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Risk Assessment of Emerging Pollutants in Drinking Water)
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Article
Removal of Aqueous Para-Aminobenzoic Acid Using a Compartmental Electro-Peroxone Process
Water 2021, 13(21), 2961; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13212961 - 20 Oct 2021
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Abstract
The presence of emerging contaminant para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) in the aquatic environment or drinking water has the potential to harm the aquatic ecosystem and human health. In this work, the removal of aqueous PABA by a compartmental electro-peroxone (E-peroxone) process was systematically investigated [...] Read more.
The presence of emerging contaminant para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) in the aquatic environment or drinking water has the potential to harm the aquatic ecosystem and human health. In this work, the removal of aqueous PABA by a compartmental electro-peroxone (E-peroxone) process was systematically investigated from the kinetic and mechanism viewpoints. The results suggest that single electrolysis or ozonation was inefficient in PABA elimination, and the combined E-peroxone yielded synergistic target pollutant degradation. Compared to the conventional E-peroxone oxidation, the sequential cathodic reactions, followed by anodic oxidations, improved the PABA removal efficiency from ~63.6% to ~89.5% at a 10-min treatment, and the corresponding pseudo first-order kinetic reaction rate constant increased from ~1.6 × 10−3 to ~3.6 × 10−3 s−1. Moreover, the response surface methodology (RSM) analysis indicated that the appropriate increase of inlet ozone concentration, applied current density, initial solution pH value, and solution temperature could accelerate the PABA degradation, while the excess of these operational parameters would have a negative effect on the treatment efficiency. The comparation tests revealed that the coupling of electrolysis and ozonation could synergistically produce hydroxyl radicals (HO•) and the separation of cathodic reactions and anodic oxidations further promoted the HO• generation, which was responsible for the enhancement of PABA elimination in the compartmental E-peroxone process. These observations imply that the compartmental E-peroxone process has the potential for aqueous micropollutants elimination, and the reaction conditions that favor the reactive oxygen species generation are critical for the treatment efficiency. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Risk Assessment of Emerging Pollutants in Drinking Water)
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Article
GIS, Multivariate Statistics Analysis and Health Risk Assessment of Water Supply Quality for Human Use in Central Mexico
Water 2021, 13(16), 2196; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13162196 - 12 Aug 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1058
Abstract
The spatial assessments of water supply quality from wells, springs, and surface bodies were performed during the dry and rainy seasons in six municipalities in the eastern regions of Michoacán (Central Mexico). Different physicochemical parameters were used to determine the supplies’ Water Quality [...] Read more.
The spatial assessments of water supply quality from wells, springs, and surface bodies were performed during the dry and rainy seasons in six municipalities in the eastern regions of Michoacán (Central Mexico). Different physicochemical parameters were used to determine the supplies’ Water Quality Index (WQI); all of the communities presented good quality. The analysis indicates that many water quality parameters were within limits set by the international standards, showing levels of “excellent and good quality” according to WQI, mainly during the dry season (except at San Pedro Jácuaro and Irimbo communities in the rainy season). However, some sites showed “poor quality” and “unsuitable drinking water” related to low pH levels (<5) and high levels of turbidity, color, Fe, Al, Mn, and arsenic. Multivariate statistical analysis techniques (Principal Component and Hierarchical Cluster) and geographic information system (GIS) identify potential sources of water pollution and estimate the geographic extension of parameters with negative effects on human health (mainly in communities without sampling). According to multivariate analysis, the Na+/K+ ratio and water temperature (22–42 °C) in various sites suggest that the WQI values were affected by geological and geothermal conditions and physical changes between seasons, but were not from anthropogenic activity. The GIS established predictions about the probable spatial distribution of arsenic levels, pH, temperature, acidity, and hardness in the study area, which provides valuable information on these parameters in the communities where the sampling was not carried out. The health risk assessment for dermal contact and ingestion showed that the noncancer risk level exceeded the recommended criteria (HQ > 1) in the rainy season for three target groups. At the same time, the carcinogenic risk (1 × 10−3) exceeded the acceptability criterion in the rainy season, which suggests that the As mainly represents a threat to the health of adults, children, and infants. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Risk Assessment of Emerging Pollutants in Drinking Water)
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Review

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Review
Application of Extraction and Determination Based on Deep Eutectic Solvents in Different Types of Environmental Samples
Water 2022, 14(1), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14010046 - 25 Dec 2021
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Abstract
Water sources are an indispensable resource for human survival. Monitoring the pollution status of the surrounding environment is necessary to protect water sources. Research on the environmental matrix of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) has expanded rapidly because of their high extraction efficiency for [...] Read more.
Water sources are an indispensable resource for human survival. Monitoring the pollution status of the surrounding environment is necessary to protect water sources. Research on the environmental matrix of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) has expanded rapidly because of their high extraction efficiency for various target analytes, controllable synthesis, and versatile structure. Following the synthesis of hydrophobic deep eutectic solvents (HDESs), their application in aqueous matrices broadened greatly. The present review conducted a survey on the pollutant extraction methods based DESs in environmental matrices from two aspects, application methods and matrix types; discussed the potential risk of DESs to the environment and future development trends; and provided some references for researchers to choose DES-based extraction methods for environmental research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Ecological Risk Assessment of Emerging Pollutants in Drinking Water)
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