Special Issue "CFD in Fluid Machinery Design and Optimization"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydraulics and Hydrodynamics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 May 2022) | Viewed by 2186

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Wei Li
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
China National Research Center of Pumps, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
Interests: design and optimization of fluid machinery; computational fluid dynamics (CFD); cavitation of pump; unsteady flow and control; flow measurements and experimental techniques
Prof. Dr. Ramesh Agarwal
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Mechanical Engineering & Materials Science Department, McKelvey School of Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA
Interests: computational fluid dynamics (CFD); computational magnetohydrodynamics (MHD); electromagnetics; computational aeroacoustics; multidisciplinary design and optimization; rarefied gas dynamics and hypersonic flows, bio-fluid dynamics; flow and flight control
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Jin-Hyuk Kim
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
1. Principal Researcher, Clean Energy R&D Department, Research Institute of Clean Manufacturing System, Korea Institute of Industrial Technology (KITECH), Chungcheongnam-do 31056, Korea
2. Associate Professor, Industrial technology (Green Process and Energy System Engineering), University of Science & Technology, Korea (UST), Daejeon 34113, Korea
Interests: design and optimization of fluid machinery; computational fluid dynamics (CFD); steady and unsteady numerical analyses; cavitation of hydraulic machines; flow measurements and experimental techniques
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Fluid machinery has been widely used in agriculture, hydroelectric power plants, and chemical industry, among other applications, for various transport processes of different kinds of fluids. With the rapid development of high-performance computers and advanced numerical algorithms, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technology has become an energy- and time-saving method to design and optimize fluid machinery. It can not only predict the performance of fluid machinery, but also visualize the complex flow vortexes in the turbulence flow field and even quantify the flow-induced unsteady forces by rotating units. Additionally, demands for higher reliability, better efficiency, longer lifespan, and enhanced anti-cavitation fluid machinery require advanced optimization methods with the help of CFD technology.

Even though CFD has been applied in the design of fluid machinery and made some achievements in the research on performance and design methods, there are still great challenges ahead to enhance the performance optimization of fluid machinery and its systems. At present, wider performance range, part-load conditions, unsteady flow, flow-induced vibration, and other problems are a promising research areas around the world.

This Special Issue seeks high-quality original research focusing on the latest novel advances regarding the Design and Optimization of Fluid Machinery by means of CFD. Original research and review articles are welcome.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Design and optimization of fluid machinery;
  • Cavitation performance and its control;
  • Numerical simulation of transient flow and unsteady flow;
  • Flow-induced vibration in fluid machinery;
  • Multiphase flow;
  • Irrigation and drainage;
  • Innovative technologies for flow control.

Dr. Wei Li
Prof. Dr. Ramesh Agarwal
Dr. Jin-Hyuk Kim
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • CFD
  • fluid machinery
  • design and optimization
  • shock and vibration
  • unsteady flow
  • cavitation
  • multiphase flow

Published Papers (3 papers)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Article
Research on the Relationship between Stall Propagation and Flange Leakage of Mixed-Flow Pumps
Water 2022, 14(11), 1730; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14111730 - 28 May 2022
Viewed by 356
Abstract
In order to explore the internal relationship between stall core propagation and flange leakage flow in the rotating stall of a mixed-flow pump, based on the k-ε turbulence model, a SIMPLEC algorithm and hexahedral structured grid are used to simulate the internal flow [...] Read more.
In order to explore the internal relationship between stall core propagation and flange leakage flow in the rotating stall of a mixed-flow pump, based on the k-ε turbulence model, a SIMPLEC algorithm and hexahedral structured grid are used to simulate the internal flow field of the mixed-flow pump. By setting the flange clearance as 0.2 mm, 0.5 mm and 0.8 mm, the propagation characteristics of the rotating stall and the unsteady characteristics of flange leakage flow of the mixed-flow pump under the condition of near stall are studied, and the influence of the flange clearance on the pressure fluctuation characteristics of the mixed-flow pump under the condition of near stall is analyzed. The results show that the stall core is located at the outlet of the impeller and propagates from the leading edge of the adjacent blade along the opposite direction of blade rotation to the next flow channel. The pressure gradient in the stall channel and the energy loss are large. When the flange clearance is 0.5 mm and 0.8 mm, the stall core changes from one to two, and the propagation mechanism of the stall core tends to be complex in the two adjacent flow channels. When the flange clearance is 0.8 mm, the propagation period decreases. The variation law of leakage flow is consistent with the propagation law of stall core. When the flow passage changes from stall state to non-stall state, the leakage flow also changes from one state to another, so the leakage flow can be used as a form of apparent stall. Under the condition of near stall, the pressure fluctuation curve of the adjacent monitoring points has a large phase difference consistent with the propagation period of the stall core, and has a strong pressure drop. When the flange clearance is 0.5 mm and 0.8 mm, the time domain curve of pressure fluctuation has two wave troughs in one cycle. In the near stall condition, the main frequency of the pressure fluctuation at the monitoring point is the stall frequency, and the amplitude of the main frequency at the middle of the outlet is the largest. The characteristics of flange leakage flow and pressure fluctuation can better reflect the flow situation in the pump when rotating stall occurs. The research results can provide a basis for judging whether stall occurs in the flow passage of the pump. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue CFD in Fluid Machinery Design and Optimization)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Effects of Closing Times and Laws on Water Hammer in a Ball Valve Pipeline
Water 2022, 14(9), 1497; https://doi.org/10.3390/w14091497 - 07 May 2022
Viewed by 406
Abstract
Water hammers seriously endanger the stability and safety of pipeline transportation systems, and its protection mechanism has been a hotspot for research. In order to study the change of water hammer pressure caused by the ball valve under different closing laws, the computational [...] Read more.
Water hammers seriously endanger the stability and safety of pipeline transportation systems, and its protection mechanism has been a hotspot for research. In order to study the change of water hammer pressure caused by the ball valve under different closing laws, the computational fluid dynamics method was used to perform transient numerical simulation of the ball valve under different closing times and closing laws. The results show that the faster the valve closing speed in the early stage, the greater the water hammer pressure. The vortex core motion and pressure vibration were affected by the closing law. Extending the valve closing time can effectively reduce the maximum water hammer pressure. These findings could provide reference for water hammer protection during the closing process of the pipeline system with the ball valve. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue CFD in Fluid Machinery Design and Optimization)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Article
Vortex Dynamics Analysis of Internal Flow Field of Mixed-Flow Pump under Alford Effect
Water 2021, 13(24), 3575; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13243575 - 13 Dec 2021
Viewed by 761
Abstract
A multi-region dynamic slip method was established to study the internal flow characteristics of the mixed-flow pump under the Alford effect. The ANSYS Fluent software and the standard k-ε two-equation model were used to numerically predict the mixed-flow pump’s external characteristics [...] Read more.
A multi-region dynamic slip method was established to study the internal flow characteristics of the mixed-flow pump under the Alford effect. The ANSYS Fluent software and the standard k-ε two-equation model were used to numerically predict the mixed-flow pump’s external characteristics and analyze the forces on the impeller and guide vane internal vortex structure and non-uniform tip gap of the mixed-flow pump at different eccentric distances. The research results show that the external characteristic results of the numerical calculation are consistent with the experimental measurement. The head error of the design flow operating point is about 5%, and the efficiency error is no more than 3%, indicating the high accuracy of numerical calculation. Eccentricity has a significant influence on the flow field in the tip area of the mixed-flow pump impeller, the distribution of vortex core in the impeller presents obvious asymmetry, the strength and distribution area of the vortex core in the small gap area of the tip increase obviously, which aggravates the flow instability and increases the energy loss. With the increase of eccentricity, the strength and number of vortex core structures in the guide vane also increase significantly, and obvious flow separation occurs near the inlet of the guide vane suction surface on the eccentric side of the impeller. The circumferential distribution of L1 and L2 values represents the friction pressure gap in the eccentric state, and the eccentricity has a more noticeable effect on L1 and L2 values at the small gap; With the increase of eccentricity, the values of vorticity moment components L1 and L2 increase, and the Alford moment on the impeller increases. The leading-edge region of the blade is the main part affected by the unstable torque of the flow field. With the increase of eccentricity, the impact degree of tip leakage flow deepens, and the change of the tip surface pressure is the most obvious. The impact area of tip leakage flow is mainly concentrated in the first half of the impeller channel, which has an impact on the blade inlet flow field but has little impact on the blade outlet flow field. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue CFD in Fluid Machinery Design and Optimization)
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop