Yellow River Basin Management under Pressure: Present State, Restoration and Protection III

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2024 | Viewed by 2624

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
School of Water Conservancy and Transportation, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China
Interests: human–water harmony; climate change adaptation; integrated water resource management; interconnected river system network; high-quality development for Yellow River; water environment protection
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Guest Editor
Department of Water Resources, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China
Interests: urban hydrology; urban flood prevention; hydrological cycle simulation; climate change; safety and security of water resources
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
Interests: water management; mountain hydrology; vadose zone; hydrologic modeling; snow
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Based on the release of the two Special Issues titled “Yellow River Basin Management under Pressure: Present State, Restoration, and Protection I–II”, we have received a large number of excellent submissions, which delve deeply into the issues of ecological environment protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. This fully reflects the enthusiasm and interest of scholars both domestically and internationally in Yellow River research.

Currently, issues such as the coordination of human–water relationships, water security, water resource allocation, ecological environment restoration, water pollutant treatment, and the coexistence of new pollutants continue to constrain the high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin. In light of this, we should further identify the key issues constraining ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin and attempt to propose scientific pathways for resolution. Herein, we welcome submissions on the following themes (but not limited to):

  • The current status and constraining factors of the ecological environment and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin;
  • Opportunities and strategies for Yellow River Basin management;
  • Harmonious regulation of human–water relationships;
  • Emerging pollutants issues in the Yellow River Basin;
  • The impact of environmental changes on water security and water resource allocation;
  • Ecological restoration and protection in the Yellow River Basin.

Prof. Dr. Qiting Zuo
Prof. Dr. Xiangyi Ding
Dr. Guotao Cui
Dr. Wei Zhang
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • Yellow River Basin

  • current state and challenges
  • human–water relationships
  • emerging pollutants
  • water security
  • high-quality development

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

20 pages, 9236 KiB  
Article
Innovative Adaptive Multiscale 3D Simulation Platform for the Yellow River Using Sphere Geodesic Octree Grid Techniques
by Bingxuan Li, Jinxin Wang, Yan Zhang and Yongkang Sun
Water 2024, 16(13), 1791; https://doi.org/10.3390/w16131791 - 25 Jun 2024
Viewed by 376
Abstract
Earth system simulation technology is fundamental for ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. To address the lack of a Yellow River simulation platform, this study proposes an adaptive multiscale true 3D crust simulation platform using the Sphere Geodesic Octree [...] Read more.
Earth system simulation technology is fundamental for ecological protection and high-quality development in the Yellow River Basin. To address the lack of a Yellow River simulation platform, this study proposes an adaptive multiscale true 3D crust simulation platform using the Sphere Geodesic Octree Grid (SGOG). Twelve models in four categories were designed: single fine-scale models, geomorphic zone-based models, and models using both top-down and bottom-up approaches. The models were evaluated based on terrain feature representation and computational efficiency. The results show that single fine-scale models preserve detailed terrain features but are computationally intensive. They are suitable for the precise simulation of surface processes. Top-down and bottom-up models balance terrain detail and efficiency, and are thereby widely applicable. Geomorphic zone-based models provide detailed focal area representation and higher computational efficiency, being more targeted. Various methods offer flexible scale transformations, each with its own strengths, allowing researchers to select a method according to practical application needs. Consequently, this research demonstrates that spherical discrete grids offer reliable support for constructing basin simulation platforms, providing new technological and scientific insights for the Yellow River Basin’s ecological protection and development. Full article
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13 pages, 2764 KiB  
Article
Evaluating the Human–Water Relationship over the Past Two Decades Using the SMI-P Method across Nine Provinces along the Yellow River, China
by Lu Liu, Liuyue He and Qiting Zuo
Water 2024, 16(7), 916; https://doi.org/10.3390/w16070916 - 22 Mar 2024
Viewed by 939
Abstract
The foundation for ensuring the sustainable utilization of natural resources and human well-being lies in achieving a harmonious balance between nature and humans. In the Yellow River basin (YRB), numerous water crises, including floods, droughts, soil erosion, and water pollution, threaten its crucial [...] Read more.
The foundation for ensuring the sustainable utilization of natural resources and human well-being lies in achieving a harmonious balance between nature and humans. In the Yellow River basin (YRB), numerous water crises, including floods, droughts, soil erosion, and water pollution, threaten its crucial role as a significant economic belt and ecological barrier. Unfortunately, less comprehension regarding the complex human–water relationship in this region has impeded watershed water management decision-makers from identifying key priorities for intervention. Here, we selected 29 evaluation indicators, including water resources, environment, ecology, society, economy, and science and technology from three dimensions: healthy water systems, sustainable human systems, and synergy of human–water system. We applied the entropy weight method, hierarchical analysis, and Single index quantification, multiple index synthesis, and poly-criteria integration (SMI-P) methods to quantify the spatial–temporal variation of the human–water harmony degree (HWHD) in nine provinces of the YRB from 2002 to 2021. We observed a consistent increase in the HWHD across all provinces in the YRB in the past two decades. Notably, five provinces have transitioned from Complete disharmony (0 ≤ HWHD ≤ 0.2) to Nearly complete disharmony (0.2 < HWHD ≤ 0.4). Additionally, the average growth rate of the downstream provinces is faster compared to those upstream. By 2021, the HWHD of upstream provinces like Sichuan and Ningxia, constrained by slower growth, became the two lowest provinces of the YRB, at 0.19 and 0.12 respectively. These findings offer valuable guidance for the region and similar areas grappling with the complex challenges of human–water conflicts, providing insights to navigate and address such dilemmas effectively. Full article
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13 pages, 6040 KiB  
Article
Surface Water Resource Accessibility Assessment of Rural Settlements in the Yellow River Basin
by Heying Li, Huiling Ma, Jianchen Zhang, Xueye Chen and Xuefei Hong
Water 2024, 16(5), 708; https://doi.org/10.3390/w16050708 - 28 Feb 2024
Viewed by 930
Abstract
Analyzing the spatial relationship between humans and water is crucial for regional development and water allocation schemes, particularly in the face of extreme water scarcity in the Yellow River Basin. A quantitative evaluation model of surface water resource accessibility (SWRA) has [...] Read more.
Analyzing the spatial relationship between humans and water is crucial for regional development and water allocation schemes, particularly in the face of extreme water scarcity in the Yellow River Basin. A quantitative evaluation model of surface water resource accessibility (SWRA) has been developed, with rural settlements serving as the research unit. This model is built upon three key dimensions: topography, distance, and surface water resources within the Yellow River Basin. The results show that: (1) The SWRA range spans from 0.13 to 0.88, with an average value of 0.47 and a standard deviation of 0.05. Higher SWRA values are concentrated in the eastern and western regions, while lower values are predominantly found in the central area. (2) The gradient of SWRA across the 12 catchments, from low to high, is as follows: Sanmenxia station, Lanzhou station, Shizuishan station, Longmen station, Tongguan station, Toudaoguai station, Xiaolangdi station, Huayuankou station, Lijin station, Gaocun station, Ai Shan station, and Tangnaihai station. (3) At the city scale, the SWRA values are generally higher in the eastern areas of 10 cities, with one exception being higher in the west. Conversely, in the western areas of nine cities, the SWRA values are lower. The remaining cities exhibit SWRA values at a medium level. The correlation coefficient between primary industry gross domestic product (GDP) and SWRA is 0.271 (N = 56, Sig = 0.043, in 0.05 level, the correlation is significant), which confirms that SWRA serves as a factor influencing GDP and is appropriately designed for assessing water accessibility. Consequently, managers can utilize SWRA results to make informed decisions regarding regional development and water allocation. Full article
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