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Fiber Science and Material Innovation

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Materials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2024 | Viewed by 2853

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
Wilson College of Textiles, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
Interests: fabric formation; technical textile design; physical/mechanical properties of fibers; fibrous assemblies

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

It is well understood that the earth’s environment suffers considerably at the hands of human activity. Of all the industries around the world, the textile industry remains one of the most detrimental to the environment, from significant depletion and contamination of natural resources during manufacture to millions of pounds of textile waste a year. Hence, innovations in fiber and material science are necessary in order to both lessen the burden that the industry poses and to create state-of-the-art solutions that help to solve the overarching environmental crisis at hand.

The scope of this special Issue is to bring attention to recent innovations in fiber and material science that emphasize sustainable solutions.

In this Special Issue, original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Advanced materials;
  • Biodegradable polymers;
  • Fibrous materials;
  • Composites;
  • Novel fibers;
  • Advanced technology.

I/We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Kavita Mathur
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • advanced materials
  • biodegradable polymers
  • fibrous materials
  • composites
  • novel fibers
  • advanced technology

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Review

56 pages, 8502 KiB  
Review
A Review on Melt-Spun Biodegradable Fibers
by Mohammadreza Naeimirad, Bas Krins and Gert-Jan M. Gruter
Sustainability 2023, 15(19), 14474; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151914474 - 04 Oct 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2483
Abstract
The growing awareness of environmental issues and the pursuit of sustainable materials have sparked a substantial surge in research focused on biodegradable materials, including fibers. Within a spectrum of fabrication techniques, melt-spinning has emerged as an eco-friendly and scalable method for making fibers [...] Read more.
The growing awareness of environmental issues and the pursuit of sustainable materials have sparked a substantial surge in research focused on biodegradable materials, including fibers. Within a spectrum of fabrication techniques, melt-spinning has emerged as an eco-friendly and scalable method for making fibers from biodegradable plastics (preferably bio-based), intended for various applications. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of the advancements in the realm of melt-spun biodegradable fibers. It delves into global concerns related to micro- and nanoplastics (MNPs) and introduces the concept of biodegradable fibers. The literature review on melt-spun biodegradable monofilaments and multifilaments unveils a diverse range of polymers and copolymers that have been subjected to testing and characterization for their processing capabilities and the performance of the resultant fibers, particularly from mechanical, thermal, and biodegradation perspectives. The paper discusses the impact of different factors such as polymer structure, processing parameters, and environmental conditions on the ultimate properties, encompassing spinnability, mechanical and thermal performance, and biodegradation, with schematic correlations provided. Additionally, the manuscript touches upon applications in sectors such as clothing, technical textiles, agriculture, biomedical applications, and environmental remediation. It also spotlights the challenges encountered in the commercialization of these fibers, addresses potential solutions, and outlines future prospects. Finally, by shedding light on the latest developments, challenges, and opportunities in the field, this review endeavors to stimulate further innovation and adoption of biodegradable fibers. It seeks to unlock their potential and contribute to the realization of a more environmentally conscious society. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fiber Science and Material Innovation)
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