Special Issue "20th CIRIAF National Congress – Sustainable Development and Preservation of Environment and Human Health"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Gianluca Cavalaglio
Website
Guest Editor
CIRIAF Research Centre, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
Interests: Renewable energy; bioenergy; biofuels; biochemicals; lignocellulosic ethanol; biomass processes, polygeneration

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleague,

CIRIAF (the Inter-University Research Centre on Pollution and Environment “Mauro Felli)” is a research centre based out of the University of Perugia, which promotes interdisciplinary and international research activities in the fields of environmental pollution, as well as its health and socio-economic effects, sustainable development, renewable and alternative energy, energy planning, and sustainable mobility. More than one hundred professors from about 20 different Italian and foreign universities are involved in the activities of the centre.

The CIRIAF National Congress, at its twentieth edition in 2020, collected the research activities of hundreds of scientists—fifty papers were presented during the congress and divided into the following sessions, which also involved four national research projects:

  • Methane recovery and carbon dioxide disposal in natural gas hydrate reservoirs
  • Development and promotion of levulinic acid and carboxilate platforms by the formulation of novel and advanced PHA-based biomaterials and their exploitation for 3D printed green-electronic applications (VISION)
  • Biofeedstock: “Development of integrated technology platforms for the biomass residues valorisation”
  • Environmental, economic, and social sustainability
  • Circular economy models and innovative integrated pathways
  • BIOmasses Circular Holistic Economy APproach to EneRgy equipments (BIO-CHEAPER)
  • Renewable energies and sustainable plants
  • Sustainable buildings and bio-architecture
  • Territory strategic planning.

The Special Issue will include only the papers presented at the congress and selected by the scientific committee, and after successfully finalizing the peer revision process of the journal.

Dr. Gianluca Cavalaglio
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Sustainable development
  • Renewable energies
  • Bioenergy
  • Biomass and biofuels
  • Biomaterials
  • Sustainable buildings

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Characterization of Various Biomass Feedstock Suitable for Small-Scale Energy Plants as Preliminary Activity of Biocheaper Project
Sustainability 2020, 12(16), 6678; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12166678 - 18 Aug 2020
Abstract
The PRIN (Research Project with Relevant National Interest) project “Biocheaper—biomasses circular holistic economy approach to energy equipments” started in September 2019 and involves several universities: Palermo as the university coordinator, Perugia, Cassino, Enna, Pavia and Bolzano. The main goal of the project is [...] Read more.
The PRIN (Research Project with Relevant National Interest) project “Biocheaper—biomasses circular holistic economy approach to energy equipments” started in September 2019 and involves several universities: Palermo as the university coordinator, Perugia, Cassino, Enna, Pavia and Bolzano. The main goal of the project is to increase the energy efficiency and reduce the pollutants emissions in small-scale biomass plant for energy (heat and power) production. The project focuses on residual lignocellulosic feedstocks from the agriculture and forestry sector, from energy crops in marginal lands and residues from rivers maintenance. Starting from the selection and characterization of potential feedstocks, the project aims at developing some prototypes for retrofit applications in existing biomass boilers, like a mini-cyclone for the reduction of particulate emissions and an exhaust air-water condensing system for the recovery of water and the reuse in agriculture. This work presents the first results of the project, in particular regarding the selection and the chemical–physical characterization of different biomass, available in different zones of Italy; in particular the authors investigated cardoon chips, carthamus chips, olive and wine pruning, residues from rivers maintenance. Each biomass sample was characterized in terms of moisture content, ashes content, volatile substances, fixed carbon, low and high heating value, content of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen and main metals. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Insulating Organic Material as a Protection System against Late Frost Damages on the Vine Shoots
Sustainability 2020, 12(15), 6279; https://doi.org/10.3390/su12156279 - 04 Aug 2020
Abstract
Late frosts are one of the major impact factors on agriculture worldwide with large economic losses for agricultural crops, with a significant impact also in wine production. Given the importance of the wine sector in the world, more and more efforts are being [...] Read more.
Late frosts are one of the major impact factors on agriculture worldwide with large economic losses for agricultural crops, with a significant impact also in wine production. Given the importance of the wine sector in the world, more and more efforts are being made to identify innovative techniques capable of creating a low-cost and effective protection for vine shoots, as well as reducing energy consumption. In a previous work, cotton candy was identified as an insulating material to solve the problems related to late frosts on vineyards and limit its damages as much as possible. From the results of the previous research, it has proved that cotton candy is an excellent thermal insulator, but it degrades quickly in windy conditions. Thus, climatic tests carried out in windy condition showed that straw can greatly slow down the degradation of cotton candy over time, giving an indirect contribution to the protective effectiveness of cotton candy. In addition, several tests were conducted with different amounts of sugar and straw without wind to evaluate whether the straw can itself make a contribution in terms of thermal insulation, as well as contribute to the protective effectiveness of cotton candy, minimizing energy use as well. Full article
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