Special Issue "Solidarity in Bioethics"

A special issue of Philosophies (ISSN 2409-9287).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2022 | Viewed by 2235

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Angel Puyol
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Departament of Philosophy, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Barcelona, Spain
Interests: bioethics; theories of justice; solidarity; ethics of artificial intelligence in health

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Solidarity is of growing importance in bioethics, as witnessed by the conference theme (Autonomy and Solidarity: Bridging the Tensions) of the last World Congress of Bioethics held in 2020 in Philadelphia, United States. It is not surprising because solidarity has opened many research fronts in current bioethical problems, especially in the justification of health policies such as vaccination, organ donation, social inequalities in health, universal access to limited health resources, the use of biobanks, medical research, democratic participation in decisions about population health, the implications of big data on health issues, the global health policies, policies related to the pandemic (lockdown, social distancing, distribution of vaccines, the use of masks in the context of COVID-19), etcetera. In these policies, as in many others, tensions appear between freedom, equality, and solidarity. The approach of solidarity is necessary because many bioethical issues, especially in the field of public health ethics, have broad social and political implications and allude to fundamental issues of common interest that cannot be tackled solely with traditional approaches to individual ethics and clinical ethics. The objective of this Special Issue is to show the advances in research on the concept of solidarity and its implications for current bioethics, including conflicts with autonomy and justice. More specifically, the aim of this Special Issue is a better understanding of the meanings and applications of solidarity in various public health policies, contributing to an adequate definition, elaborating, applying, and evaluating the health policies in which the idea of solidarity intervenes, and analyzing the role that solidarity can and should play in the context of global health attending to the various conflicts that it raises, such as the ethical demands of the special obligations towards family members, or the duties of justice beyond national states (the debate on global justice).

Prof. Angel Puyol
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • solidarity
  • bioethics
  • public health ethics
  • equity in health
  • egalitarianism
  • social justice

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Article
Beyond the Altruistic Donor: Embedding Solidarity in Organ Procurement Policies
Philosophies 2022, 7(5), 107; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies7050107 - 26 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Altruism and solidarity are concepts that are closely related to organ donation for transplantation. On the one hand, they are typically used for encouraging people to donate. On the other hand, they also underpin the regulations in force in each country to different [...] Read more.
Altruism and solidarity are concepts that are closely related to organ donation for transplantation. On the one hand, they are typically used for encouraging people to donate. On the other hand, they also underpin the regulations in force in each country to different extents. They are often used indistinctly and equivocally, despite the different ethical implications of each concept. This paper aims to clarify to what extent we can speak of altruism and solidarity in the predominant models of organ donation. It also raises the ethical question of whether these categories are adequate as a basis for such models, bearing in mind that organs are a scarce resource and that a shortage of them may mean that fewer lives are saved or improved. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solidarity in Bioethics)
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Article
Building Ecological Solidarity: Rewilding Practices as an Example
Philosophies 2022, 7(4), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/philosophies7040077 - 04 Jul 2022
Viewed by 626
Abstract
Solidarity within bioethics is increasingly being recognized as an important means of improving health for all. Its contribution seems particularly relevant when there are injustices or inequalities in health and different individuals or groups are disadvantaged. But the current context of ecological collapse, [...] Read more.
Solidarity within bioethics is increasingly being recognized as an important means of improving health for all. Its contribution seems particularly relevant when there are injustices or inequalities in health and different individuals or groups are disadvantaged. But the current context of ecological collapse, characterized mainly by a loss of biodiversity and ecosystem decline, affects global health in a different way to other factors. This scenario creates new challenges, risks and problems that require new insights from a bioethical perspective. I, therefore, propose an argument in favor of ecological solidarity. The aim of this article is to re-define this concept, outlining which causes should incite action through ecological solidarity and who should be the main recipient of it. To this end, I discuss what the background for practicing ecological solidarity might be: an intrinsically altruistic motivation to attempt to be a better person or a forced response to a political obligation. Finally, by way of example, I argue for rewilding as an effective, practical strategy through which ecological solidarity can be applied in the belief that building ecological solidarity supports a number of key interdependencies and ensures ethical care for the health of the planet. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solidarity in Bioethics)
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