Special Issue "Diet, Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and Hypertension"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.
Interests: obesity; diabetes; diet; cardiovascular prevention, endothelial function, indirect calorimetry
The prevalence of obesity, diabetes and hypertension has reached epidemic proportions, especially in the Western world, with a strong impact on cardiovascular events, mortality, health system overload and social costs. These three clinical conditions often cluster together in the metabolic syndrome that recognizes central body fat distribution and insulin resistance, two traits that almost invariably are influenced by inadequate dietary habits and reduced physical activity level. Many studies have described the association between these clinical conditions and the great socioeconomic changes that have characterized our societies in recent decades. We are well-aware that erroneous dietary styles strongly influence the occurrence of these conditions; however, the deeper mechanisms are still not fully understood. While diet and obesity are strictly correlated, the question remains as to whether they concur independent of the development of diabetes and hypertension.
Although many drugs are available, even for obesity, dietary treatment is still recognized as the first-line approach to effectively cure diabetes and hypertension. All guidelines for the treatment of these conditions invariably support diet as the first treatment, the cornerstone of the cure, with all drug treatments to be used only after dietary treatment failure and with an “add-on”, not “instead of”, approach. In addition, we now have different dietary approaches that need to be further characterized and experienced, e.g., the Mediterranean diet, the low-fat diet, the ketogenic diet, the low-glycemic index diet, the DASH diet, and the vegetarian diet. In the case of ketogenic diet, for example, we still do not fully know how it works and what its beneficial health effects really are. Furthermore, the diet industry is producing new foods or components of foods that are thought to contribute to the treatment of these conditions and are still in need of evaluation.
Now more than ever, the planet urgently needs information on these pressing topics. Research is called upon to provide clarification and to correctly support policy-makers and administrators.
Prof. Silvio Buscemi
Manuscript Submission Information
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- Ketogenic diet
- Mediterranean diet