Special Issue "Supplementation with Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus and Probiotics Improves Immunity"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2020).
Interests: infant nutrition; breastmilk; infant formulas; leptin; ghrelin; infantile colic; gut microbiota; prebiotics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
The gut microbiota can influence maturation and function of the immune system in early infancy. The gut mucosal immune system, which consists of lymph nodes, lamina propria, and epithelial cells, constitutes a protective barrier for the integrity of the intestinal tract. The composition of the gut microbiota is under the surveillance of the normal mucosal immune system, and the commensal microbiome regulates the maturation of the mucosal immune system, while the pathogenic microbiome causes immunity dysfunction, resulting in disease development (necrotizing enterocolitis, diarrhea, atopy, infantile colic). Emerging evidence shows that gut microbes and their metabolites open up new doors for the study of human immunity. It has been reported that some bacterial taxa shape T cell differentiation via their physical components (e.g., polysaccharide A) or their metabolic products (e.g., butyrate, short-chain fatty acids). However, the complexity of gut microbe–metabolite–host interactions are under investigation, rapidly being clarified. More recently, it places new therapeutic approaches at the spotlight, such as Bifidobacterium or Lactobacillum supplementation. Nonetheless, their exact mechanisms on immunity still remain not completely known, and future research will focus on finding a specific strain that can act.
This Special Issue, “Supplementation with Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus and Probiotics Improves Immunity”, welcomes manuscripts detailing human and animal studies focused on the roles of Bifidusbacterium and lactobacillus and the immune system. Experimental papers, up-to-date review articles, and commentaries are all welcome.
Dr. Francesco Savino
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.