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Special Issue "Pharmaceutical Residues in the Environment"
A special issue of Molecules (ISSN 1420-3049).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 29 February 2020.
Interests: analytical chemistry; methods development; environmental protection; pharmaceutical analysis
Pharmaceuticals, due to their pseudo-persistence and biological activity as well extensive use in human and veterinary medicine are a class of environmental contaminants of emerging concern. In opposite to some conventional pollutants, pharmaceuticals are continuously delivered at low levels, which might give rise to toxicity even without high persistence rates. These chemicals are designed to have a specific physiological mode of action, and frequently to resist to inactivation before exerting their intended therapeutic effect. These features among others make pharmaceuticals responsible for bioaccumulation and toxic effects in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Consumption of water containing pharmaceutical residues, especially in the long term, may upset the body’s equilibrium and lead to the dangerous phenomenon of drug resistance. The high biological activity of these compounds causes that it is extremely important to know how to remove them from the environment and/or how to perform their biological inactivation. Pharmaceuticals have been detected in the environment of 71 countries covering all continents. Such disturbance might have significant and long-term effects on the rate and stability of ecosystem functioning. Furthermore, their metabolites or degradation products may possess more toxic effects on the environment than the original compounds. For these reasons, the presence of pharmaceuticals in the environment has attracted attention within the scientific community around the world.
Hence the detection, determination and analysis of the fate of pharmaceuticals and their metabolites in different compartments of the environment are some of the main tasks of modern analytical and environmental chemistry. An important limitation of such studies is the availability of sufficiently sensitive and reliable analytical methods for determining different pharmaceuticals present in trace amounts in such complex matrices. Although great advances have been made in their detection in aquatic matrices, there are limited analytical methodologies for trace analysis of target and non-target pharmaceuticals in matrices such as soils, sediments or biota. There are still many gaps in robust data on their fate and behavior in the environment, as well as on threats to ecological and human health. This Special Issue will include current research and review articles in this field.
Prof. Dr. Jolanta Kumirska
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Molecules is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- pharmaceutical residues
- fate in the environment
- fate in WWTPs
- antibiotic resistance
- development of methods
- environmental risk assessment