Special Issue "Marine Geology and Minerals"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2020).
Interests: Marine Geoscience; Seabed fluid flow; Cold-Water Corals; Gas Hydrates; Hydrothermal vents; Continental margins, Antarctica
Interests: marine mineral deposits; ferromanganese mineralization; phosphorites; critical metals; biomineralization; economic geology; hydrothermal systems
In the last years, the research and exploration of submarine minerals has increased exponentially due to the requirement for rare and critical metals in the so-called high-tech and new green economy, including hybrid automobiles, mobiles, laptops or renewable energy. The oceans cover more than 70% of the planet, and represent a potentially promising new frontier for the research and exploration of minerals. The exploration of submarine minerals and the characterization of ore deposits requires the use of cutting-edge technology in the field of the marine geology.
This Special Issue invites contributions that deal with research of submarine minerals, including seabed mapping and other exploration techniques in distinct tectonic settings such as mid-ocean ridges, seamounts, abyssal plains, convergent margins and submarine volcanoes. We welcome contributions describing seafloor and sub-seafloor exploration techniques for the characterization of mineral deposits around the world. We are inviting contributions on high-resolution and new techniques to explore and characterize the mineralogy and geochemistry of strategic and critical metals like REEs, Co, Te, Nb, Cu, Mn and Pt concentrated on marine mineral deposits. Marine geology techniques include a wide range of methodologies, such as multibeam bathymetry, remote-operated vehicles (ROVs), autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), magnetometers, and others. These techniques used in marine geology also allow us to characterize the physical and chemical parameters of new mineral formation on the seabed. We therefore welcome any contribution exploring aspects of shallow-water and deep-sea minerals in new national or international programs, such as the International Seabed Authority (ISA).
Contributions on genetic/evolutionary models of mineral deposits related to paleo-oceanographic and/or tectonic factors are also welcome. Oceanographic factors such as global contouritic bottom-currents or upwelling undercurrents have a great influence on the formation of polymetallic nodules, ferromanganese crusts and phosphorites in submarine environments like abyssal plains, seamounts or continental margins. The opening of gateways between oceans, such as the Tethys, are also having a great influence on the formation of important submarine mineral deposits.
Furthermore, the tectonic setting is another key point for the characterization of the formation of new submarine minerals. Mid-ocean ridges and back-arc ridges containing areas with hydrothermal activity and black smokers are very important sites for the formation of a great variety of minerals. Convergent margins are also important due to the generation of cold seeps by fluid migration from the deep seabed to the seafloor. In this setting, the active microbial activity associated with hydrocarbons plays an important role in the formation of mineral deposits such as carbonates or pyrites, as well as the formation of hydrates. In this way, the role of microorganisms in the formation of (new) submarine minerals is another of the key points of this Special Issue.
A special session on “Critical Raw Materials Based on Marine Minerals: New Frontiers and Challenges” has been established at the Goldschmidt 2019 Conference. Articles presented at this session will also be included in the Special Issue.
We look forward to hearing from you.
Dr. Luis Somoza
Dr. Francisco J. González
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Minerals is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Submarine minerals
- Submarine exploration techniques
- ROVs, AUVs
- Seabed mapping
- Cobalt-rich ferromanganese crusts
- Polymetallic nodules
- Seafloor Massive Sulphides
- Metalliferous sediments
- Critical metals
- Mid-ocean ridges
- Hydrothermal activity
- Cold seeps and hydrocarbon fluid migration
- Microbial activity
- Contourite currents
- Paleoceanography and ocean gateways
- Methane hydrates