Journal Menu► ▼ Journal Menu
Journal Browser► ▼ Journal Browser
Special Issue "Engineering Properties of Superconducting Materials"
A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2020) | Viewed by 18672
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
Special Issue Editor
Interests: high field magnets; flux pumping; AC losses; power applications of superconductivity (SFCLS, SMES, turbines, motors, cables)
Special Issue Information
The search for clean energy sources has been a fundamental key in materials research. The development of superconducting materials attracts significant scientific and technological resources towards achieving low costs, as well as suitable and profitable power generation, storage, distribution and transmission. In addition, superconducting electronics can provide devices and circuits with properties not obtainable by any other known technology; i.e., very low loss, zero frequency-dispersion signal transmission lines, very high Q-value resonators and filters, and quantum limited electromagnetic sensors.
All of these advances require high quality superconducting materials and, in recent years, great strides have been made to improve the properties of existing materials, as well as the continuing discovery of new systems and materials, such as the Pnictides.
In 1911, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes discovered superconductivity in mercury by cooling it down to a frosty 4.2 K (–268.95 °C). Since then, it has been the Holy Grail of material scientists to achieve this transition—from normal to superconducting state—at room temperature (above 273.15 K or 0 °C). The hope of finding a room-temperature superconductor (RTS) bloomed after physicists discovered high-temperature superconductivity (HTS) in the 1980s and 1990s in a class of ceramic materials called cuprates. They are characterised by the presence of interleaving copper-oxide layers. Their transition temperature—also known as critical temperature (Tc)—was significantly higher than those of conventional metallic superconductors discovered decades earlier.
From 1911 until the discovery of superconductivity in Lanthanum Barium Cuprate in 1986, there was a steady rate of discovery of new materials including Nb3Sn and NbTi (important in NMR, MRI and high field magnets). However the discovery that really opened the R&D floodgates was of superconductivity in an yttrium-barium-copper-oxide (YBCO) system, in which Tc was 93 K. Soon, scientists were investigating a wide variety of such systems, including bismuth- and mercury-based compounds. More recently, a range of materials, which are distinct from the cuprates, such as MgB2 and iron based superconductors, have been discovered.
There is a continuous drive towards higher and higher transition temperatures and to date, the highest superconducting Tc achieved, and confirmed, is 203 K, in 2015. However, this was not in a high-Tc cuprate system but in hydrogen-sulphide (H2S) subjected to very high pressure: About 1.5 million atmospheres. The highest Tc achieved in a cuprate material was in 1993 at 138 K, in a mercury-barium-calcium-copper-oxide system at atmospheric pressure. The Tc increased to 164 K when the pressure was increased to ~296,000 atmospheres.
From an engineering point of view, although higher transition temperatures are desirable, of greater interest, is the development of the engineering properties of the materials. Consequently, this Special Issue aims to focus the development of superconductors, in a materials relationship framework, and specifically to collate their engineering properties. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, the following topics:
- Coated conductors, especially critical current versus field and temperature
- Iron based superconductors
- Superconductivity in unconventional materials (e.g. graphene)
- Flux pinning mechanisms
- AC losses
- Normal zone propagation velocity
- Materials and process for high-throughput fabrication
Dr. Tim Coombs
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- critical current
- critical temperature