Special Issue "Historical Data for Natural Hazard Risk Mitigation and Land Use Planning"

A special issue of Land (ISSN 2073-445X).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 September 2022 | Viewed by 2877

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Fabio Luino
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, Italian National Research Council, Strada delle Cacce 73, 10135 Torino, Italy
Interests: land-use planning, urbanization and geo-hydrological processes, historical research
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Mariano Barriendos Vallvé
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of History and Archaeology, University of Barcelona, 08001 Barcelona, Spain
Interests: historical climatology; reconstruction of meteorological extreme events from historical documentary sources; preparation of databases at high resolution for floods; droughts and other severe weather events; analysis of impacts and strategies of adaptation of society in front of natural hazards for different historical contexts
Prof. Dr. Emmanuel Garnier
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
CNRS Chrono-Environment Laboratory, University of Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 25000 Besançon, France
Interests: history; climate; climate extreme events; disasters
Dr. Fabrizio Terenzio Gizzi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute for Archaeological and Monumental Heritage, National (Italian) Research Council (CNR), C/da Santa Loja s.n.c., 85050 Tito Scalo (Potenza), Italy
Interests: natural hazards; historical seismicity; historical floods; historical landslides; disaster response; resilience; natural hazard insurance; natural hazards and cultural heritage; heritage science; bibliometry
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Ruediger Glaser
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Physical Geography, Institute of Environmental Social Science and Geography, University of Freiburg, 79110 Freiburg, Germany
Interests: climate change; risk analysis; land use and land cover change; regional studies; KI
Dr. Christoph Gruetzner
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Geological Sciences, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, 07749 Jena, Germany
Interests: paleoseismology; natural hazards; earthquake geology; tsunami; geomorphology
Dr. Walter Palmieri
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome, Italy
Interests: history of Southern Italy; environmental history; historical floods; historical landslides
Dr. Sabina Porfido
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
1. Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Napoli Osservatorio Vesuviano, Via Diocleziano, 328, 80124 Napoli, Italy
2. Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche-ISA, Via Roma 64, 80100 Avellino, Italy
Interests: natural hazards; active tectonics; historical and recent seismicity; seismic risk; seismic hazard; paleoseismology; floods; historical floods; effects induced by earthquakes; cultural heritage; resilience
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Heather Sangster
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Geography and Planning, School of Environmental Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZT, UK
Interests: geohazards and their societal responses; historical records; environmental reconstruction; human-induced landscape change; environmental history; environmental management
Dr. Laura Turconi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
National Research Council, Research Institute for Geo-Hydrological Protection, Strada delle Cacce 73, 10135 Turin, Italy
Interests: mitigation of geo-hydrological risk; historical floods; debris flow; anthropocene environmental evolution; natural hazards; geomorphological analysis of landscape

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Globally, natural hazards present a serious and critical threat to life, as a result of both endogenous and exogenous processes. Natural hazards (geological, geomorphological, hydrological and meteorological) quickly present a risk to individuals, communities and societies when they are threatened with disruption or losses, with the impact being a function of their ability to cope and respond.

Historical research is a key tool in determining the appropriate strategies for the identification of risk scenarios. Many parts of the world suffer from a dearth of instrumental information and data, as such qualitative accounts and records provide a crucial source of information in understanding the risks presented. The significance of long records is particularly pertinent when considering extremes, and such knowledge is crucial in better understanding the risks presented and in undertaking targeted mitigation strategies to reduce the socio-economic consequences and physical impact on private properties, strategic buildings, infrastructures and cultural heritage.

This Special Issue aims to stress the importance of historical information and data as a strategic tool in framing planning decisions. Objective one is to demonstrate the significance of historical information in better understanding the risks presented by natural hazards (geological, geomorphological, hydrological and meteorological). Objective two is to stimulate a discussion between the international scientific community, technicians, policymakers and urban planners about the use of historical data and land use, planning and zonation.

In this Special Issue, original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following themes:

1) Use of historical information in hazard and risk analysis;

2) Use of historical sources to assess and mitigate natural hazard risks to cultural heritage;

3) Land use planning and geo-risk assessment using historical data;

4) Analysis of the spatial–temporal distribution of extreme events;

5) Methodologies for data collection and management from documentary sources;

6) Geomorphological hazard and risk studies by historical sources;

7) Historical climatology and reconstruction of extreme weather events;

8) The analysis of natural hazards in data-poor regions.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Dr. Fabio Luino
Dr. Mariano Barriendos Vallvé
Prof. Dr. Emmanuel Garnier
Dr. Fabrizio Terenzio Gizzi
Prof. Dr. Ruediger Glaser
Dr. Christoph Gruetzner
Dr. Walter Palmieri
Dr. Sabina Porfido
Dr. Heather Sangster
Dr. Laura Turconi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Land is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • documentary sources
  • historical documents and materials
  • historical archives
  • qualitative and visual materials
  • hazard database(s)
  • geohazard reconstruction and analysis
  • historical seismic scenarios
  • land use planning and/or zoning
  • disaster and risk reduction
  • cultural heritage and resilience

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
Landscape, Memory, and Adverse Shocks: The 1968 Earthquake in Belìce Valley (Sicily, Italy): A Case Study
Land 2022, 11(5), 754; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11050754 - 20 May 2022
Viewed by 194
Abstract
The interaction between humans and nature dramatically reveals the role of sudden and destructive events in the progressive and never-ending trend of depletion of the territorial dimension of the Belìce Valley (Valle del Belìce, Sicily, Italy). If on the one hand a tragic [...] Read more.
The interaction between humans and nature dramatically reveals the role of sudden and destructive events in the progressive and never-ending trend of depletion of the territorial dimension of the Belìce Valley (Valle del Belìce, Sicily, Italy). If on the one hand a tragic event, such as the earthquake of 1968, that destroyed towns and villages in the Belìce Valley, represented a moment of pain and suffering for local communities and their territories, on the other, more than 50 years after the event, we are able to shed light on the reaction to the earthquake effects through an in-depth analysis of the heritage of the physical and immaterial rubble. Our research is aimed at framing, through special geovisual tools, the paths of this rebuilding process and to verify whether the “new” interaction of humans and nature has reached an acceptable balance. After introducing the concept of landscape and investigating some local manifestations within the Belìce Valley, we tackle the technical question of re-photography as a powerful and quick method for observing the territorial changes that occurred after the earthquake. This approach is based on the collection of historical photographs and, subsequently, onsite activities for the creation of a contemporary archive of images. The method used for comparing the images was that of re-photographic overlapping, a useful technique to compare different moments of the history of a landscape and to analyze the effectiveness of the process of rebuilding. Finally, this analysis introduces us to a new perspective where in our opinion, it is possible to frame some features of the Belìce Valley and some more general aspects that are useful for other territories hit by destructive events and having to face choices related to the future of their communities. Full article
Article
Torrential Hazard Prevention in Alpine Small Basin through Historical, Empirical and Geomorphological Cross Analysis in NW Italy
Land 2022, 11(5), 699; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11050699 - 07 May 2022
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Abstract
Debris flow is one of the most dangerous natural processes in mountain regions and it occur in a wide variety of environments throughout the world. In the Italian Alps, some tens of thousands of damaging debris flow and, in general, torrential floods associated [...] Read more.
Debris flow is one of the most dangerous natural processes in mountain regions and it occur in a wide variety of environments throughout the world. In the Italian Alps, some tens of thousands of damaging debris flow and, in general, torrential floods associated to intense sediment transport in secondary catchments have been documented in the last 300 years. These have caused socio-economic damage, damage to anthropogenic structures or infrastructures and in many cases casualties. Often, in the same basins, the occurrence of debris-flow processes recurs many years later. Prediction can often be spatial and based on the magnitude of the largest known process, while the temporal forecast is the most uncertain. It is also possible to increase the resilience of the population and of the territory. The present study aims at investigating different levels of debris-flow hazard in urban areas on Alpine alluvial fans and proposes a strategy for debris-flow prevention based on historical research and on a simplified analytical approach, methods that also involve relatively low costs. For such analysis, Ischiator stream catchment (ca. 20 km2) and its alluvial fan (NW Italy) were selected. This area was partly affected by historical torrential flood associated to intense sediment transport and debris-flow processes. Present-day instability conditions along the slope and the stream network were detected and synthesized through surveys and aerial photo interpretation integrated by satellite images (period 1954–2021). An estimation of the potential amount of moving detritus, referred to as debris flow, was carried out regarding the June 1957 debris-flow event, based on the predictive models. The individual hazard index value was estimated based on different methods. The results indicate that 56% of the area is exposed to flood associated to intense sediment transport hazard, which fluctuates from high to very high levels; such results are supported by debris-flow historical records. Since today almost half of the settlement (Bagni di Vinadio) is located on potentially risk-exposed areas, the urban evolution policy adopted after the 1957 event failed to manage the risk connection to debris-flow activity. Full article
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Article
Multisource and Multilevel Investigations on a Historical Landslide: The 1907 Servigliano Earth Flow in Montemurro (Basilicata, Southern Italy)
Land 2022, 11(3), 408; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11030408 - 10 Mar 2022
Viewed by 770
Abstract
Italy is one of the European countries most affected by landslides. In order to mitigate the risk, the analysis of such phenomena should involve a broad spectrum of studies to understand the geological and geomorphological properties of the unstable areas, the geometric features [...] Read more.
Italy is one of the European countries most affected by landslides. In order to mitigate the risk, the analysis of such phenomena should involve a broad spectrum of studies to understand the geological and geomorphological properties of the unstable areas, the geometric features of the landslides and the causes of their trigger, the evolution over time, and the works of risk mitigation taken as well as their effectiveness over time. This article is concerned with multidisciplinary investigations on a historical earth flow occurred in Montemurro (Basilicata, Southern Italy) in 1907. We analyse unpublished archive sources strictly coupled with new geological and geomorphological surveys. Furthermore, to gain information on the geometrical features of the landslide body, geophysical prospections (ERT) is used alongside the field surveys. Lastly, to gain insight on the landslide triggering factors, we employed historical–climatological analysis: in particular, we made use of the monthly simple daily intensity index (SDII) to evaluate extreme events and the standardised precipitation index (SPI) to consider previous wetness conditions. The earth flow was triggered on 26 February 1907 and the main movement lasted about one week, involving several buildings, including those of cultural interest. Historical documentary investigations and historical climatological analysis both indicate that the earth flow was triggered by a preceding heavy rain period, which independent historical sources suggest also caused the activation of landslides over a wider area around Montemurro. Currently, the earth flow is NE–SW oriented, extends for a length of ~1.1 km, and has an average width of ~220 m. The landslide is in a dormant activity phase. From a methodological point of view, the research stresses the importance of integrated approaches to investigate natural hazards, particularly by the use of historical data. This research may be of interest to academics, practitioners, and policymakers for both the methodological approach followed and results gained, useful in view of both risk mitigation and territorial planning of landslide-prone areas. Full article
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Article
Documentary Evidence of 17th Century Landcover and Climate Change in Northern China and Mongolia Compared to Modern Spectral Greening Trends
Land 2022, 11(1), 100; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11010100 - 08 Jan 2022
Viewed by 415
Abstract
Fighting land degradation of semi-arid and climate-sensitive grasslands are among the most urgent tasks of current eco-political agenda. Particularly, northern China and Mongolia are prone to climate-induced surface transformations, which were reinforced by the heavily increased numbers of livestock during the 20th century. [...] Read more.
Fighting land degradation of semi-arid and climate-sensitive grasslands are among the most urgent tasks of current eco-political agenda. Particularly, northern China and Mongolia are prone to climate-induced surface transformations, which were reinforced by the heavily increased numbers of livestock during the 20th century. Extensive overgrazing and resource exploitation amplified regional climate change effects and triggered intensified land degradation that forced policy-driven interventions to prevent desertification. In the past, however, the regions have been subject to continuous shifts in environmental and socio-cultural and political conditions, which makes it particularly difficult to distinguish into regional anthropogenic impact and global climate change effects. This article presents analyses of historical written sources, palaeoenvironmental data, and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) temporal series from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) to compare landcover change during the Little Ice Age (LIA) and current spectral greening trends over the period 2001–2020. Results show that decreasing precipitation and temperature records triggered increased land degradation during the late 17th century in the transition zone from northern China and Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to Mongolia. From current climate change perspectives, modern vegetation shows enhanced physical vegetation response related to an increase in precipitation (Ptotal) and temperature (T). Vegetation response is strongly related to Ptotal and T and an increase in physical plant condition indicates local to regional grassland recovery compared to the past 20-year average. Full article
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