Special Issue "New Results in Fruit Tree Breeding and Efficient Use of Cultivars"

A special issue of Horticulturae (ISSN 2311-7524). This special issue belongs to the section "Fruit Production Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 May 2023 | Viewed by 701

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Adriana F. Sestras
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Guest Editor
Faculty of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Interests: biodiversity; biostatistics; ecology; horticulture; plant breeding
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Prof. Dr. Mihai Botu
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Department of Horticulture and Food Science, Faculty of Horticulture, University of Craiova, RO-200585 Craiova, Romania
Interests: fruit and nut crops breeding; collecting, evaluation and conservation of plant genetic resources; plant propagation; sustainable and organic horticulture; bioactive compounds
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Dr. Madalina Militaru
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Research Institute for Fruit Growing Pitesti, 117450 Mărăcineni, Romania
Interests: pome and stone fruit breeding; genetic resources; germplasm
Prof. Dr. Radu E. Sestras
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine, 3-5 Calea Manastur, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Interests: genetics and plant breeding; sustainable agriculture; horticulture; forestry; biostatistics; biodiversity
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In modern fruit growing, the establishment of plantations to ensure high fruit yields, relatively constant from one year to another, of superior quality, and in conditions of economic profitability, peremptorily requires adequate cultivars. The cultivar became the most important factor of production, having the primary role in the realization of the sustainable fruit ecosystems, adequate to the ever-increasing demands of the market, users, processors, consumers, but also producers (farmers).

The purpose of this Special Issue is to contribute to the dissemination of new knowledge and results related to fruit-tree breeding and the creation of new cultivars of pome and stone fruits, nuts and berry crops, strawberries, but also the possibilities of using genetic resources to obtain new cultivars. New contributions are expected regarding traditional and modern aims of breeding, methods of inducing variability and its exploitation (i.e., hybridization, mutation and polyploidy, molecular techniques, selection, etc.). In addition, new results related to the efficient use of cultivars adaptable to the climate change, and to the current needs of society are welcomed. The demands of society include the increasing role of the cultivar in improving living standards; ensuring the delicious, nutritional, and healthy contribution of the fruits in a balanced diet in the modern era; and fruit supply correlated to the continuous increase of the world's population.

Prof. Dr. Adriana F. Sestras
Prof. Dr. Mihai Botu
Dr. Madalina Militaru
Prof. Dr. Radu E. Sestras
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Horticulturae is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • pome and stone fruits
  • nuts crops, berry crops, strawberries
  • genetic resources
  • breeding objectives and breeding methods
  • productivity, quality, adequate response to the abiotic and biotic stress factors
  • traditional and modern cultivars
  • cultivar potential

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Communication
Risk of Extreme Early Frosts in Almond
Horticulturae 2022, 8(8), 687; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae8080687 - 29 Jul 2022
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Abstract
In almond, late frost is the main factor determining the viability of the culture in cold areas, and late flowering remains the key factor in addressing this issue. Climate change is causing an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events. In 2021, [...] Read more.
In almond, late frost is the main factor determining the viability of the culture in cold areas, and late flowering remains the key factor in addressing this issue. Climate change is causing an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events. In 2021, the cold period in Spain after the Filomena storm (11–14 January), in which temperatures reached −20 °C in some regions, was a clear expression in this regard. In many almond-growing areas, these low temperatures affected the closed flower buds of most of the cultivars, except for the extra-late and ultra-late cultivars and despite the early stage of development of the buds, leading crop failure. In this work, we show that early extreme frost only affected the extra-early, early and late almond cultivars that had overcome their endodormancy and fulfilled 40%, 31% and 23% of their heat requirements for flowering. Extra-late (with only 2% of their heat requirements covered) and ultra-late (still in endodormancy) cultivars were not damaged. These results show the importance of cultivating extra- and ultra-late almond flowering cultivars to avoid not only the late frost but also the early frost during the very early development of the flower buds. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Results in Fruit Tree Breeding and Efficient Use of Cultivars)
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