Special Issue "Germplasm Resources of Horticultural Crops and Their Use to Improve Abiotic Stress Tolerance"

A special issue of Plants (ISSN 2223-7747). This special issue belongs to the section "Plant Genetic Resources".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 December 2022 | Viewed by 598

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Radu Sumalan
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Horticulture and Forestry, Banat’s University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine “King Michael I of Romania” from Timisoara, 119 Calea Aradului, 300645 Timisoara, Romania
Interests: plant physiology; abiotic stress in plants; biodiversity; metabolomics; biomass production; chlorophyll and proline content; active compounds; horticultural crops
Prof. Dr. Adriana F. Sestras
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Horticulture, University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine of Cluj-Napoca, 400372 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
Interests: biodiversity; biostatistics; ecology; horticulture; plant breeding
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Monica Boscaiu
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Mediterranean Agroforestry Institute, Universitat Politècnica de València, Camino de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
Interests: plant ecology; abiotic stress responses; ecology of seed germination; halophytes; stress-tolerant crops
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Human society requires ever-increasing and diversified food resources, and climate change and unadapted technologies are creating huge pressures on horticultural ecosystems for food production. The germplasm of a horticultural species is an essential genetic resource for identifying and selecting valuable attributes of tolerance to abiotic stressors. In recent decades, the investigation techniques of the physiological processes involved in increasing the tolerance of plants to stressors have reached levels of performance that are difficult to imagine, and their association with methods of molecular biology, breeding or applied biochemistry, have led to the achievement of remarkable findings in horticultural species. Additionally, huge advances have been made in the use of artificial intelligence, integrated sensor systems, information, analysis and communication technologies for the induction, detection and monitoring of abiotic parameters that can act as stressors of plants, with a determination of the impact on metabolic processes of productivity and the quality of crops.

However, there are still many unknowns regarding the complex functioning mechanisms of plants in a huge variety of ecosystems, either cultivated or spontaneous, each with specific characteristics. There are also many unsolved questions related to the multitude of structural and/or functional mechanisms for the adaptation of plants to their environments.

The germplasm sources of horticultural crops (vegetables, fruit or floricultural species, ornamental trees and shrubs, fungi, etc.) are real "gene banks", suppliers of valuable attributes of adaptations to stress, productivity, and quality, which must be further discovered, characterized, evaluated, protected and preserved to be used for improving the performance of cultivated species.

This Special Issue will highlight the importance of horticultural germplasm sources in improving tolerance characteristics to the multitude of environmental stressors (water, soil, air, climate, etc.) in cultivated species by analyzing biochemical, morphological, physiological and genetic parameters involved in reactions to stress and their influence on the bio-productivity, growth and development of plants.

Prof. Dr. Radu Sumalan
Prof. Dr. Adriana F. Sestras
Prof. Dr. Monica Boscaiu
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Plants is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • plant physiology
  • metabolic pathways
  • salinity
  • drought
  • cold
  • overheating
  • enzymatic activity
  • oxidative stress

Published Papers (1 paper)

Order results
Result details
Select all
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Article
Characterization of the Calmodulin/Calmodulin-like Protein (CAM/CML) Family in Ginkgo biloba, and the Influence of an Ectopically Expressed GbCML Gene (Gb_30819) on Seedling and Fruit Development of Transgenic Arabidopsis
Plants 2022, 11(11), 1506; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11111506 - 04 Jun 2022
Viewed by 427
Abstract
Calmodulins (CAMs) and calmodulin-like proteins (CMLs) can participate in the regulation of various physiological processes via sensing and decoding Ca2+ signals. To reveal the characteristics of the CAM/CML family in Ginkgo biloba, a comprehensive analysis was performed at the genome-wide level. [...] Read more.
Calmodulins (CAMs) and calmodulin-like proteins (CMLs) can participate in the regulation of various physiological processes via sensing and decoding Ca2+ signals. To reveal the characteristics of the CAM/CML family in Ginkgo biloba, a comprehensive analysis was performed at the genome-wide level. A total of 26 CAMs/CMLs, consisting of 5 GbCAMs and 21 GbCMLs, was identified on 11 out of 12 chromosomes in G. biloba. They displayed a certain degree of multiplicity in their sequences, albeit with conserved EF hands. Collinearity analysis suggested that tandem rather than segmental or whole-genome duplications were likely to play roles in the evolution of the Ginkgo CAM/CML family. Furthermore, GbCAMs/GbCMLs were grouped into higher, lower, and moderate expression in magnitude. The cis-acting regulatory elements involved in phytohormone-responsiveness within GbCAM/GbCML promotors may explain their varied expression profiles. The ectopic expression of a GbCML gene (Gb_30819) in transgenic Arabidopsis led to phenotypes with significantly shortened root length and seedling height, and decreased yields of both pods and seeds. Moreover, an electrophoresis mobility shift assay demonstrated the Ca2+-binding activity of Gb_30819 in vitro. Altogether, these results contribute to insights into the characteristics of the evolution and expression of GbCAMs/GbCMLs, as well as evidence for Ca2+-CAM/CML pathways functioning within the ancient gymnosperm G. biloba. Full article
Show Figures

Figure 1

Back to TopTop