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Special Issue "Intelligent Transportation Systems for Electric Vehicles"

A special issue of Energies (ISSN 1996-1073).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 August 2019

Special Issue Editor

Guest Editor
Prof. Joao Ferreira

Department of Information Sciences, Technologies and Architecture, University Institute of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
Website | E-Mail
Phone: +351210464277 (Ext. 221807)
Interests: intelligent transportation system, electric vehicle, data science, IoT, mobility, artificial intelligence

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The Guest Editor is inviting submissions for a Special Issue of Energies on the subject area of “Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) for Electric Vehicles (EV)." The EV and Charging Station (CS) markets have been growing exponentially, and a forecast from the International Energy Agency estimates an increase of EV sales from the current 3 million to 125 million by 2030. This raises additional challenges in terms of the network required to fulfill the charging requirements of the EV. The CS market is growing by 40% a year and is currently worth $300 billion. Electromobility and ITS are essential components in decarbonizing road transportation and play an essential role in the mobility process of Smart Cities. ITS also play an essential task in this transformation, owing to the flexibility of the EV charging process and the EV operation, which operates as an energy storage device; it also helps to facilitate the market penetration of renewable energy resources. In parallel, IoT approaches allow the collection of large volumes of data and big data approaches, creating opportunities to develop solutions to overcome challenges such as the ones that emerge from the EV charging process, CS locations, and the reservation of charging spots.

This Special Issue will focus on emerging ITS for EV and applications for electromobility and Smart Grids. Topics of interest for publication include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Electric Vehicles and Intelligent Transportation Systems
  • Infrastructure studies and solutions for the charging process (CS location, process, and others)
  • Technological developments for EV operation in Smart Grids
  • V2* (Vehicle to Anything) process and connection
  • Intelligent Transportation Systems for EVs
  • Energy supply, storage systems, charging station and process
  • Smart Grids, renewable energy, demand-response
  • Smart Mobility and Cities
  • ITS and big data
  • IoT for ITS and EV
  • Case studies and the assessment of ITS applications and the EV charging process
  • The standardization process

Keywords

  • electromobility
  • intelligent transportation system
  • storage and charging station systems
  • V2*—vehicle to anything or anything to vehicle
  • smart cities and grids
  • IoT and big data

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Optimal Charging Navigation Strategy Design for Rapid Charging Electric Vehicles
Energies 2019, 12(6), 962; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12060962
Received: 12 January 2019 / Revised: 23 February 2019 / Accepted: 7 March 2019 / Published: 13 March 2019
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Abstract
Electric vehicles (EVs) have become an efficient solution to making a transportation system environmentally friendly. However, as the number of EVs grows, the power demand from charging vehicles increases greatly. An unordered charging strategy for huge EVs affects the stability of a local [...] Read more.
Electric vehicles (EVs) have become an efficient solution to making a transportation system environmentally friendly. However, as the number of EVs grows, the power demand from charging vehicles increases greatly. An unordered charging strategy for huge EVs affects the stability of a local power grid, especially during peak times. It becomes serious under the rapid charging mode, in which the EVs will be charged fully within a shorter time. In contrast to regular charging, the power quality (e.g.,voltages deviation, harmonic distortion) is affected when multiple EVs perform rapid charging at the same station simultaneously. To reduce the impacts on a power grid system caused by rapid charging, we propose an optimal EV rapid charging navigation strategy based on the internet of things network. The rapid charging price is designed based on the charging power regulation scheme. Both power grid operation and real-time traffic information are considered. The formulated objective of the navigation strategy is proposed to minimize the synthetic costs of EVs, including the traveling time and the charging costs. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed strategy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Transportation Systems for Electric Vehicles)
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Open AccessArticle Optimal Distribution Grid Operation Using DLMP-Based Pricing for Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure in a Smart City
Energies 2019, 12(4), 686; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12040686
Received: 22 January 2019 / Revised: 7 February 2019 / Accepted: 14 February 2019 / Published: 20 February 2019
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Abstract
The use of electric vehicles (EVs) is growing in popularity each year, and as a result, considerable demand increase is expected in the distribution network (DN). Additionally, the uncertainty of EV user behavior is high, making it urgent to understand its impact on [...] Read more.
The use of electric vehicles (EVs) is growing in popularity each year, and as a result, considerable demand increase is expected in the distribution network (DN). Additionally, the uncertainty of EV user behavior is high, making it urgent to understand its impact on the network. Thus, this paper proposes an EV user behavior simulator, which operates in conjunction with an innovative smart distribution locational marginal pricing based on operation/reconfiguration, for the purpose of understanding the impact of the dynamic energy pricing on both sides: the grid and the user. The main goal, besides the distribution system operator (DSO) expenditure minimization, is to understand how and to what extent dynamic pricing of energy for EV charging can positively affect the operation of the smart grid and the EV charging cost. A smart city with a 13-bus DN and a high penetration of distributed energy resources is used to demonstrate the application of the proposed models. The results demonstrate that dynamic energy pricing for EV charging is an efficient approach that increases monetary savings considerably for both the DSO and EV users. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Transportation Systems for Electric Vehicles)
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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle Vehicle Electrification: New Challenges and Opportunities for Smart Grids
Energies 2019, 12(1), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/en12010118
Received: 3 December 2018 / Revised: 20 December 2018 / Accepted: 24 December 2018 / Published: 29 December 2018
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Abstract
Nowadays, concerns about climate change have contributed significantly to changing the paradigm in the urban transportation sector towards vehicle electrification, where purely electric or hybrid vehicles are increasingly a new reality, supported by all major automotive brands. Nevertheless, new challenges are imposed on [...] Read more.
Nowadays, concerns about climate change have contributed significantly to changing the paradigm in the urban transportation sector towards vehicle electrification, where purely electric or hybrid vehicles are increasingly a new reality, supported by all major automotive brands. Nevertheless, new challenges are imposed on the current electrical power grids in terms of a synergistic, progressive, dynamic and stable integration of electric mobility. Besides the traditional unidirectional charging, more and more, the adoption of a bidirectional interconnection is expected to be a reality. In addition, whenever the vehicle is plugged-in, the on-board power electronics can also be used for other purposes, such as in the event of a power failure, regardless if the vehicle is in charging mode or not. Other new opportunities, from the electrical grid point of view, are even more relevant in the context of off-board power electronics systems, which can be enhanced with new features as, for example, compensation of power quality problems or interface with renewable energy sources. In this sense, this paper aims to present, in a comprehensive way, the new challenges and opportunities that smart grids are facing, including the new technologies in the vehicle electrification, towards a sustainable future. A theoretical analysis is also presented and supported by experimental validation based on developed laboratory prototypes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Intelligent Transportation Systems for Electric Vehicles)
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Energies EISSN 1996-1073 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
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