Special Issue "Current Topics in Fish Immunity"
A special issue of Biology (ISSN 2079-7737).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2015).
Interests: fish immunology; environmental immunology; MHC; cytokines; aquaculture
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Topical Collection in Biology: Fish Immunity: From Genomes to Functional Understanding
Fish immunology is rapidly developing into a field of comparative immunology that is on the leading edge discovery of fundamental mechanisms of immunity. For example, the recent discovery of phagocytic B cells in teleost fish was simultaneous with the discovery of the same phenomenon in mice. While the other special issue on fish immunology in Biology “Current Understanding of Fish immune Systems” was conceived as a compendium of knowledge of fish immunity—reviews of each of the basic components of fish immune systems that almost constitute a textbook to guide newcomers to the field into the both unique processes in teleosts, as well as those shared with other vertebrates, this special issue was meant to highlight the current advances in fish immunology research. Thus we have manuscripts covering key topics, such as the Stafford lab discussing what is known about the fascinating molecules known as Leukocyte Immune-Type Receptors, which have many similarities to NK cell receptors, but do not yet have a clear role, as well as a discussion from Esteban et al. on the new cells involved in phagocytosis in teleost fishes. This fish immunity is important for an evolutionary understanding of immune systems.
Fish immunology is a key area of study for industrial applications in aquaculture. This is critically important on a global scale as 50% of the fish consumed world-wide are now produced by aquaculture, which capture fisheries peaked in production 20 years ago. Thus understanding fish immunity is critical if we are to productively combat costly outbreaks of fish diseases. As one can see from reading this issue: fish immunity sometimes works with very different principles that land-based agricultural animals or humans. Technology for delivering vaccines to aquatic organisms that are cultured by the hundreds of thousands, and thus techniques like the use of nanodelivery systems, reviewed here by Ji et al. are critically important for securing the worlds food sources.
In summary this special issue will provide the reader with the cutting edge of knowledge on fish immunity, a critical area to be understood if one wants a full picture of the evolution of immunity or practical ideas for preventing losses of valuable aquaculture species.
Prof. Dr. Brian Dixon
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