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Polish Scientists in Fish Immunology: A Short History

Department of Animal Sciences, Cell Biology and Immunology Group, Wageningen University, P.O. Box 338, 6700 AH Wageningen, The Netherlands
Institute of Ichthyobiology and Aquaculture of PAS (Polish Academy of Sciences), Gołysz, 43-520 Chybie, Poland
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian Dixon
Biology 2015, 4(4), 735-755;
Received: 3 September 2015 / Revised: 4 November 2015 / Accepted: 6 November 2015 / Published: 11 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Topics in Fish Immunity)
This review describes the role played by Polish scientists in the field of fish immunology and vaccination starting around 1900. In the early days, most publications were dealing with a description of relevant cells and organs in fish. Functional studies (phagocytosis, antibody response) came later starting in the late 1930s. Detailed papers on fish vaccination were published from 1970 onwards. Another important development was the unraveling of neuro-endocrine-immune interactions in the 1970s until today. Around 1980, it became more and more clear how important immunomodulation (stimulation or suppression by environmental factors, food components, drugs) was for fish health. The most recent findings are focusing on the discovery of genetic factors, signaling molecules, and receptors, which play a crucial role in the immune response. It can be concluded, that Polish scientists made considerable contributions to our present understanding of fish immunity and to applications in aquaculture worldwide. View Full-Text
Keywords: Poland; history; biography; fish immunology; fish health; vaccination; aquaculture Poland; history; biography; fish immunology; fish health; vaccination; aquaculture
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Van Muiswinkel, W.B.; Pilarczyk, A. Polish Scientists in Fish Immunology: A Short History. Biology 2015, 4, 735-755.

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