Recent Developments and Applications in Environmental Monitoring and Engineering
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (10 October 2022) | Viewed by 4554
Interests: marine geology; climate changes; paleoceanography; geochemistry; petroleum geology; basin analysis; sapropels; coastal and open marine systems; environmental reconstruction; marine sediment dynamics
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Interests: paleoclimatology; paleoceanographic proxies; micropaleontology; integrated stratigraphy; marine geology; ocean dynamics; sea-level changes; marginal seas; astronomical frequencies in paleoclimates; extreme geological events
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Interests: micropaleontology; paleoenvironment; stratigraphy; paleoceanography; climate change; paleogeography
Unscientific, expensive, and wasteful critiques of environmental monitoring and geological engineering are common. Natural heterogeneity, insufficient data, and data interpretation have all been identified as major causes of uncertainty in engineering geology practice problems. Despite these issues, several long-term monitoring initiatives have yielded substantial scientific advancements and critical information for environmental and engineering policy. Geological knowledge has been shown to have a critical role in describing and quantifying uncertainty in diverse geological models at different scales. Geohazards (such as landslides and land subsidence) and groundwater and environmental issues may result from a lack of understanding of the geological model uncertainties. In recent decades, advances in measuring technology and sophisticated models have made significant progress in reducing uncertainty, with a particular emphasis on bridging the gap between accessible data and accurate geological models.
Geological model uncertainty must be defined, quantified, and examined for its impact on engineering design, geohazard mitigation, groundwater resources, and environmental concerns. Applied engineering concepts are used in the design of structures in rock for mining, storage, tunneling, and infrastructure. Because rock is a complex and diverse geological material, Rock Mechanics, a quantitative science, is used to help engineers better understand and manipulate the material they work with. Rock Mechanics is critical in a wide range of industries, including mining, oil and gas extraction, civil engineering, and tectonics. The complexity of rock material necessitates a focus on empirical analysis and empirical design methodologies in Rock Engineering design, which may benefit from the use of numerical (computer) modeling based on rock mechanics theory in many circumstances. Hydrology has a significant influence on environmental monitoring and geological engineering. Aquifer hydraulic characteristics and how to quantify them, the structure and heterogeneity of aquifers, difficulties related to groundwater management in construction, and the research, evaluation, and remediation of polluted land are all also things that must be considered. Aside from that, the worldwide scientific and industrial community is investing heavily in the development of new remote sensing technologies. It is now feasible to acquire an enormous quantity of data on the geological aspects. Engineering geology, for example, relies heavily on remote sensing, which may help us quantify the effects of surface geological processes on civil engineering and the extraction of natural resources, among other things (mining, oil, gas, hydropower, geothermal energy, etc.).
Engineering Geology, Environmental issues, soil investigation, remote sensing, Structure geology, geophysics, geological hazards, and human impact as a geological force (if related to applied sciences) are all themes that fall within the scope of this Special Issue. The most recent, methodologically creative, and globally attractive contributions are encouraged. These research and review articles are designed to highlight contemporary advances in environmental monitoring and engineering, such as remote sensing, sediment dynamics, and rock behavior, by introducing new concepts, issues, and methods for investigating them.
Dr. George Kontakiotis
Prof. Dr. Assimina Antonarakou
Prof. Dr. Maria V. Triantaphyllou
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- engineering geology
- environmental monitoring issues
- soil investigation and restoration
- GIS and remote sensing
- land use land cover changes
- environmental health
- marine science and engineering
- structural geology and tectonics
- sediment characteristics