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Opportunities and Threats in Meat Processing

A special issue of Applied Sciences (ISSN 2076-3417). This special issue belongs to the section "Food Science and Technology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 April 2023) | Viewed by 13150

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Meat Technology and Food Quality, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, ul. Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland
Interests: meat processing; physical properties of food; food safety; quality management; applications of ultrasound

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Guest Editor
Department of Animal Food Technology, Faculty of Food Science and Biotechnology, University of Life Sciences in Lublin, ul. Skromna 8, 20-704 Lublin, Poland
Interests: oxidative stability; phenols; antioxidant activity; food safety; nitrite reduction; probiotic meat products; functional meat products
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
Department of Food Gastronomy and Food Hygiene, Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences (WULS), Str. Nowoursynowska 166, 02-787 Warsaw, Poland
Interests: dietary assessments; nutrition; dietary intake; public health; human nutrition; catering technology; food street; nutrition value; meat quality; food product development
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Scientific research on the effects of different treatments on biological materials has been carried out for over a century. During this time, knowledge and technology have developed significantly. Many technologies already use ultrasound to study properties, monitor processes, and modify the properties of food. Ultrasound interacts with matter in a multidimensional way. It can modify the physical, chemical, and biological properties of meat to be more desirable. The effects of the sonication can be direct or indirect (delayed). In addition to many other factors, this makes the scientific description (modeling) of the effect on the tissue material difficult. Many scientific publications are noncomplementary and present incomplete information (e.g., intensity, density of field). These shortcomings significantly hinder the exploitation of results on an industrial scale. They raise many new questions about the potential of ultrasound in meat processing and the threats caused by the development of this technology.

What other phenomena in meat determine the industrial use of new technologies and breeding achievements? Why is the usage of new techniques in meat technology (in meat processing) limited? What phenomena (factors) limit the use of new technologies in meat processing? What new (potential) applications of new technologies and techniques in meat processing appear, considering the latest research results? Answering many of these questions will require a new approach, taking into account the latest scientific research results and industrial experience.

How can ultrasound reduce the use of chemicals in meat processing? How does ultrasonic technology support organic meat processing? How is ultrasound used in catering? How can the ultrasound technique effectively reduce the negative impact of the meat industry on the natural environment?

Therefore, we invite you to submit your original research on these topics. Studies on new opportunities, threats, possibilities, limitations, benefits, and difficulties in the use of new technologies in meat processing are welcome.

Dr. Dariusz Stasiak
Dr. Karolina Wójciak
Prof. Dr. Ewa Czarniecka-Skubina
Prof. Dr. Igor Tomasevic
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Applied Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • meat processing
  • new technologies
  • ultrasound-assisted processing
  • sonication
  • cavitation
  • cultural meat
  • new raw meat
  • meat physical properties
  • meat chemical properties
  • nutrition value of meat
  • meat quality
  • meat sensory quality
  • combined technology
  • emerging technologies
  • consumer habits related to meat

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

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17 pages, 2411 KiB  
Article
Shelf Life Extension of Chicken Cuts Packed under Modified Atmospheres and Edible Antimicrobial Coatings
by Athina Ntzimani, Antonios Kalamaras, Theofania Tsironi and Petros Taoukis
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(6), 4025; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13064025 - 22 Mar 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2406
Abstract
Convenient cuts of poultry products are of significant interest, but they are perishable products with a short shelf life. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) or the application of active packaging based on edible and biodegradable coatings could extend the shelf life of perishable foods. [...] Read more.
Convenient cuts of poultry products are of significant interest, but they are perishable products with a short shelf life. Modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) or the application of active packaging based on edible and biodegradable coatings could extend the shelf life of perishable foods. The aim of the present work was the kinetic modelling of the effect of MAP and active coatings with antimicrobial agents on the microbial growth and shelf life of chicken cuts. Broiler chicken thighs processed with pectin-based (2% w/w aqueous solution) edible coatings enriched with 1% extract of citrus bioflavonoids (flavomix) or 0.5% glucono-δ-lactone were stored under aerobic conditions at 0, 5 and 10 °C. Untreated thighs were also stored aerobically or in MAP (42.7% O2, 18.5% CO2). Quality evaluation was based on the growth of spoilage bacteria (TVC, Pseudomonas spp., Brochothrix thermosphacta), pH, colour, and sensory scoring. The tested quality indices were kinetically modelled and the Arrhenius model was used for the definition of the temperature dependence of the quality loss rates. Pseudomonas spp. dominated spoilage at all packaging and temperature conditions. Microbial growth correlated well with sensory degradation (Ea = 80–100 kJ/mol). Glucono-δ-lactone-enriched edible coatings resulted in 2 days of shelf life extension for chicken thighs at 5 °C. MAP and active, edible coatings with citrus extract showed a similar effect on the quality deterioration rate, and thus the shelf life of chicken cuts. Based on microbial growth, the shelf life was 6–7, 11, and 13 days at 5 °C for the control, EC-glu, MAP, and EC-flav samples, respectively (limit of acceptability = 107 cfu/g for TVC). The results of the study show the potential for using MAP or edible, active coatings to extend the shelf life and improve the commercial value of broiler chicken cuts. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Opportunities and Threats in Meat Processing)
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10 pages, 742 KiB  
Article
Can Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) Be Used to Predict Pig’s Meat Quality In Vivo?
by Wiesław Przybylski, Danuta Jaworska, Magdalena Sot, Leszek Sieczko, Stanisław Niemyjski, Karina Dukaczewska and Iwona Wojtasik-Kalinowska
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(23), 12035; https://doi.org/10.3390/app122312035 - 24 Nov 2022
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Abstract
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the possibility of application of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in order to estimate pork quality. The BIA measurements were tested on 18 living animals for the prediction of the meat quality. The absolute resultant [...] Read more.
The aim of the current study was to evaluate the possibility of application of bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in order to estimate pork quality. The BIA measurements were tested on 18 living animals for the prediction of the meat quality. The absolute resultant electrical resistance (Rz) and reactance (Xc) of the body was measured with a set of disposable surface electrodes at the frequency of 50 kHz and the current intensity of 400 µA. The characteristics of meat quality, pH measured 1 h and 24 h after slaughter, meat color parameters represented in CIE L*a*b* system, glycolytic potential, intramuscular fat, and natural drip loss, were assessed on the samples of the Longissimus dorsi (LD) muscle. The slaughter value of pigs was characterized on the basis of hot carcass weight (HCW) and percent of meat in carcass. The results showed a significant Pearson correlation between bioelectrical impedance parameter Rz and pH1 (r = 0.48*, p < 0.05). A significant Spearman correlation was showed between color b* value and the Rz/Xc/HCW ratio (r = −0.62*, p < 0.05) and Xc (r = −0.51*, p < 0.05), as well as between the Rz/Xc ratio with pH1 (r = 0.48*, p < 0.05). The multivariate statistical method (principal component analysis and cluster analysis) showed that bioimpedance measurements combined with meat quality traits make it possible to distinguish groups with different quality parameters. However, the relationships between them are complex and still require analysis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Opportunities and Threats in Meat Processing)
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14 pages, 5270 KiB  
Article
Hybrid Meat Products: Incorporation of White Bean Flour in Lean Pork Burgers
by Natalia Soledad Argel, Gabriel Lorenzo, Rubén Domínguez, Maria João Fraqueza, Juana Fernández-López, Maria Elena Sosa, Paulo Cesar Bastianello Campagnol, José Manuel Lorenzo and Silvina Cecilia Andrés
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(15), 7571; https://doi.org/10.3390/app12157571 - 27 Jul 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2059
Abstract
The effect of partial lean pork-meat replacement by white Phaseolus vulgaris L. flour in hybrid burgers was studied. A multivariate regression model was used to test different bean flour levels (BF: 8–15 g/100 g) and water/bean flour ratios (W/BF: 1.2, 1.6, and 1.8 [...] Read more.
The effect of partial lean pork-meat replacement by white Phaseolus vulgaris L. flour in hybrid burgers was studied. A multivariate regression model was used to test different bean flour levels (BF: 8–15 g/100 g) and water/bean flour ratios (W/BF: 1.2, 1.6, and 1.8 g/g). Process yield, texture profile analysis, color parameters, thermal transitions, and microstructure of the systems were analyzed. Respond Surface Methodology was used to model the response behaviors and optimization. Burgers with BF showed yields higher than 88%. Hardness and cohesiveness decreased as the BF level increased, with a more noticeable effect when the W/BF ratio became larger. Regarding color, the higher the BF and the W/BF ratio in burgers, the higher the L* obtained. The desirability optimization predicted an optimum formulation consisting of 15 g BF/100 g and 1.36 g/g W/BF with similar attributes to a commercial pork burger. The thermal analysis showed an increase in the enthalpy associated with the myosin denaturation and the interactions between meat proteins and BF led to higher temperatures for the starch gelatinization and protein denaturation. The microstructure of BF burgers presented a more stable coarse gel matrix derived from coagulated meat proteins combined with the flour components. The mathematical procedure adequately predicted the hybrid burger quality attributes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Opportunities and Threats in Meat Processing)
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Review

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19 pages, 764 KiB  
Review
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Factors Affecting the Color of Fresh Beef Meat—Comprehensive Review
by Alejandro Poveda-Arteaga, Johannes Krell, Monika Gibis, Volker Heinz, Nino Terjung and Igor Tomasevic
Appl. Sci. 2023, 13(7), 4382; https://doi.org/10.3390/app13074382 - 30 Mar 2023
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 4026
Abstract
Meat color research from the last two decades suggests that a combination of different intrinsic (ultimate pH, age of the animals, muscle position, breed, slaughter weight, and sex) and extrinsic factors (production systems and feeding, pre-mortem stress, slaughter season, and chilling rates) might [...] Read more.
Meat color research from the last two decades suggests that a combination of different intrinsic (ultimate pH, age of the animals, muscle position, breed, slaughter weight, and sex) and extrinsic factors (production systems and feeding, pre-mortem stress, slaughter season, and chilling rates) might have a deep impact in the color of beef muscle and influence consumers’ acceptance of fresh meat. Ultimate pH and muscle position were perceived as the most determinant intrinsic factors, whereas production systems, feeding, and ante-mortem stress were the extrinsic factors that more strongly influenced beef color attributes. From an industrial perspective, the extrinsic factors can be improved through the technological process at a higher ratio than the intrinsic ones. This review aims to evaluate the effect of each of those factors on myoglobin oxidation and beef color traits from a comprehensive standpoint. All the information discussed in this manuscript focuses on an industrial environment and offers possible solutions and recommendations for the global meat industry. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Opportunities and Threats in Meat Processing)
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26 pages, 462 KiB  
Review
Healthier Meat Products Are Fashionable—Consumers Love Fashion
by Vladimir Kurćubić, Slaviša Stajić, Nemanja Miletić and Nikola Stanišić
Appl. Sci. 2022, 12(19), 10129; https://doi.org/10.3390/app121910129 - 9 Oct 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2468
Abstract
Meat manufacturers are nowadays in a very unenviable position. Both meat and meat products require the utilization of various additives due to their chemical composition. On the other hand, consumers demand fresh, additive-free, and high-quality products with extended shelf-life, which might be considered [...] Read more.
Meat manufacturers are nowadays in a very unenviable position. Both meat and meat products require the utilization of various additives due to their chemical composition. On the other hand, consumers demand fresh, additive-free, and high-quality products with extended shelf-life, which might be considered as healthier, even functional food. These facts push manufacturers and researchers in pursuit of modern technologies and supplements to meet these high demands. Since a high daily intake of sodium and fat might cause severe health issues, reducing these ingredients in meat products is the first task towards healthier food. Sodium can be reduced by ultrasound, high-pressure processing, pulsed electric field, and replacement of NaCl with KCl, calcium gluconate, calcium glycerophosphate, calcium lactate, and monosodium glutamate. The reduction of the fat content can be achieved through a decrease in the amount of fatty tissue in the inital mixture and/or replacement with non-lipid components, or by partial fatty tissue replacement with oils rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. Utilization of plant proteins (soy, wheat gluten, pea, chickpea, lentil, potato, barley, oat, rice, etc.), mycoproteins or micro-algae proteins, plant fats (palm and coconut fat, canola, sunflower, soy and corn oil, etc.), and polysaccharides (starches, fibers), accompanied by a meat-like fibrous structure, resulted in delicious “meat” products, which are considered a healthier alternative to real meat. Growing interest in the replacement of potentially adverse synthetic meat additives favors the use of plant (herb, fruit and vegetable) extracts, as an endless source of bioactive substances with strong antioxidant and antimicrobial activities. These extracts can be used either in raw meat or meat products, as well as in the fodder. Reformulation strategies strengthen and ensure the willingness of consumers to pay a higher price for their own demands regarding the naturalness of synthetic, clean-labeled, additive-free meat products. After a gradual alignment with strategic national/international recommendations and legal/sub-legal frameworks, the added value of such meat products opens wide the door to new segments/entire markets. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Opportunities and Threats in Meat Processing)
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