Special Issue "Expanding the Knowledge on Weed Germination and Early Growth to Design Sustainable Management Strategies"

A special issue of Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395). This special issue belongs to the section "Weed Science and Weed Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Donato Loddo
Guest Editor
CNR, Inst Sustainable Plant Protect IPSP, Natl Res Council Italy, Viale Univ 16, Padua, Italy
Interests: integrated weed management; seed germination; weed emergence; herbicide resistance; mechanical weed control; sustainable agriculture; organic farming

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

To reduce herbicide use and increase the sustainability of weed management, control tactics should be aimed at the most sensible parts of the weed life cycle. The germination–early growth phase is a crucial part of the annual weed cycle. Plants are very susceptible to environmental and agronomic disturbances at those stages. Expanding our knowledge of it would allow us to better evaluate the dynamics of weed presence in fields and their competitive ability against crops, as well as to calibrate specific control tactics. The present Special Issue will focus on recent innovations in weed germination and early growth research aimed at supporting the design of sustainable management. Research papers, communications, and review articles are welcome. Contributions covering the effect of environmental factors, such as temperature, water availability or salinity, as well as those with a focus on control tools and agronomic practices, such as cover crops or mulching, weed dormancy, germination and early growth are encouraged. Particular consideration will be paid to studies involving the creation and calibration of predictive models for seedling emergence and early growth. Special attention will be given to research concerning inter-population variability in the germination–early growth phase of weed species, but relevance to sustainable weed management should be proven.

Dr. Donato Loddo
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agronomy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • seed germination
  • seed dormancy
  • seedling emergence
  • weed early growth
  • modeling
  • integrated weed management
  • sustainable weed management

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission, see below for planned papers.

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Type of manuscript: original article

Title:  Biological parameters of summer weed species from continental Croatia: transfer of hydrothermal model form Italy to Croatia

Authors: Valentina Šoštarčić1, Roberta Masin2, Donato Loddo3, Dario Magosso4, Ema Brijačak5, Maja Šćepanović1


1University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Weed Sciences Svetošimunska 25, 10 000 Zagreb, Croatia

2 University of Padova, Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment (DAFNAE), Viale dell' Università 16, 35020 Legnaro

3 Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, National Research Council of Italy, 35020 Legnaro, Italy

4 Former Student at University of Padova, Department of Agronomy, Food, Natural Resources, Animals and Environment (DAFNAE), Master Study of  Agricultural Sciences and Technologies

5 Former Student at University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Master Study of Phytomedicine

Abstract (around 100 words):

The efficacy of weed management depends on the correct control timing according to the dynamics of seedling emergence. Several models have been created for emergence dynamics of weed species based on the use of temperature and moisture combined in the hydrothermal time. The development of a weed emergence model requires estimation of base temperature (Tb) and base water potential (Ψb) of germination. The aim of this study is to estimate the base germination parameters of some Croatian ecotypes of weed species to adapt an existing weed emergence model developed in Italy. Laboratory experiments were performed at constant temperatures (4 - 27°C) and water potentials (0.00 to -1.00 MPa). Estimated values were then compared with Italian values embedded in the existing hydrothermal model. Biological parameters for Echinichloa crus-galli, Chenopodium album, Amaranthus retroflexus, Setaria glauca and Panicum capillare were: 10.8°C, -0.97 MPa; 3.4°C, -1.38 MPa; 13.9°C, -0.36 MPa; 6.6°C, -0.71 MPa; 11.0°C, respectively. The values of Croatian and Italian ecotypes were similar for the base temperature of Chenopodium album, and base water potentials of Echinochloa crus-galli and Amaranthus retroflexus.

Key words: predictive weed emergence model, base temperature, base water potential, maize, weed germination

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