Special Issue "Recent Advances in Viticulture and Breeding of Grapevine"

A special issue of Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395). This special issue belongs to the section "Horticultural and Floricultural Crops".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 June 2020).

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Claudio Bonghi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Agripolis - Viale dell'università, 16 - Legnaro (Padova), Italy
Interests: fruit development and ripening; omics approaches; fruit trees and grapevines
Dr. Alessandro Vannozzi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Università degli Studi di Padova, Padua, Italy Email: alessandro.[email protected]
Interests: genetics and genomics; regulation of secondary metabolism; plant reproduction; abiotic stress response; plasticity; food traceability
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The challenges in viticulture that are promoting the initiation of breeding programs are also coming together with new technologies and knowledge derived from the improvement of our comprehension of the genetic and epigenetic control of important agronomical and quality traits in grapevines. This knowledge is now rapidly growing thanks to holistic approaches based on omics and ecophysiological remote sensing. The picture emerging from these approaches it the basis for re-thinking breeding programs and the cultivation of grapevines that better adhere to new viticulture scenarios, such as new cultivation areas or new approaches due to climate changes and the loss of biodiversity. Please share your success stories from research in the innovation of viticulture techniques and grapevine breeding around the world in this special issue. Submissions are invited on (but not limited to) the following topics: (1) conventional breeding to obtain new varieties and rootstocks and viticultural practices for the colonization of new areas; (2) new genetic approaches (e.g., genome editing) to enhance resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses; (3) studies of vegetation phenology and stresses using next generation sensors; (4) cultivation techniques to manage grapevine berry development and ripening processes in changing climate conditions; and (5) impact of pest management on the biodiversity of vineyards.

Prof. Claudio Bonghi
Prof. Alessandro Vannozzi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agronomy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Viticulture
  • Conventional breeding
  • Genome editing
  • Remote sensing
  • Control of berry development and ripening
  • Integrated pest management

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
Expression of Specific Class I Chitinase mRNA Levels in Different Grape Varieties and Their Antimicrobial Activity
Agronomy 2020, 10(8), 1176; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10081176 - 11 Aug 2020
Viewed by 569
Abstract
The aim of this study was to compare the natural variability of the expression of class I chitinase gene in grapes of Vitis vinifera L. varieties as well as investigate their antimicrobial activity. Further, the effect of antimicrobial activity in chitinase expression was [...] Read more.
The aim of this study was to compare the natural variability of the expression of class I chitinase gene in grapes of Vitis vinifera L. varieties as well as investigate their antimicrobial activity. Further, the effect of antimicrobial activity in chitinase expression was analyzed. Matured berries of thirteen grape varieties were used in the study—Alibernet, Dornfelder, Cabernet Sauvignon, Blaufränkisch, Sauvignon Blanc, Welschriesling, Weisser Riesling, Irsai Oliver, Pinot Blanc, Pálava, Müller-Thurgau, Grűner Veltliner, and Feteasca Regala, grown in the Small Carpathians wine region of Slovakia, Vrbové. Chitinase I gene expression was found to be similar in most of the analyzed varieties with the except of two varieties, where the expression of chitinase I was significantly higher—Pinot Blanc and Savignon Blanc. By comparing the varieties between the lowest and highest expression fold change, they were statistically different in the level of its chitinase I gene expression. Grape pomace extracts of analyzed Vitis vinifera L. were effective against Gram-positive, Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts, but a weak correlation tendency was found between chitinase I gene expression and antimicrobial activity, only against Staphylococcus aureus subsp. aureus, Candida albicans, and Candida glabrata. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Viticulture and Breeding of Grapevine)
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Article
Prediction of Grapevine Yield Based on Reproductive Variables and the Influence of Meteorological Conditions
Agronomy 2020, 10(5), 714; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10050714 - 16 May 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 922
Abstract
Climate has a direct influence on crop development and final yield. The consequences of global climate change have appeared during the last decades, with increasing weather variability in many world regions. One of the derived problems is the maintenance of food supply in [...] Read more.
Climate has a direct influence on crop development and final yield. The consequences of global climate change have appeared during the last decades, with increasing weather variability in many world regions. One of the derived problems is the maintenance of food supply in this unstable context and the needed changes in agricultural systems, looking for sustainable and adaptation strategies. The study was carried out from 2008 to 2017. Aerobiological data were obtained with a Lanzoni VPPS-2000 volumetric sampler, following the Spanish Aerobiological Network protocol. The pollen and flower production was studied on ten vines of the Godello grapevine cultivar. A HOBO Micro Station and a MeteoGalicia station were used to obtain meteorological information. We observed the detrimental effect of rain on airborne pollen presence, and we statistically corroborated the negative effect of high temperatures on fruit set and ripening. We developed an accurate multiple regression model to forecast the grape yield, applying a Spearman’s correlation test to identify the most influential variables. The use of aerobiological and meteorological studies for crop yield prediction has been widely used in different crops that suppose important engines for economy development. This enables growers to adapt their crop management and adjust the spent resources. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Viticulture and Breeding of Grapevine)
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Article
Integrating Phenological, Aerobiological and Weather Data to Study the Local and Regional Flowering Dynamics of Four Grapevine Cultivars
Agronomy 2020, 10(2), 185; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10020185 - 28 Jan 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 864
Abstract
Phenological, aerobiological, and weather data are useful tools to study local and regional flowering dynamics in crops with economic importance. The present study focuses on four autochthonous grapevine cultivars, namely, ‘Treixadura’, ‘Godello’, ‘Loureira’, and ‘Albariño’ (Vitis vinifera L.), which belong to the [...] Read more.
Phenological, aerobiological, and weather data are useful tools to study local and regional flowering dynamics in crops with economic importance. The present study focuses on four autochthonous grapevine cultivars, namely, ‘Treixadura’, ‘Godello’, ‘Loureira’, and ‘Albariño’ (Vitis vinifera L.), which belong to the Designation of Origin Ribeiro area (located in northwestern Spain) from 2015–2019. The aims of the work were to (1) compare the airborne pollen concentration in the vineyard collected by two different traps, (2) analyze the influence of the main meteorological variables on cultivar phenology and pollen concentration, and (3) test the contribution of the air masses on pollen concentrations in the vineyard. Phenological development has been assessed twice weekly, according to the Biologische Bundesanstalt, Bundessortenamt und Chemische Industrie (BBCH) scale. Airborne pollen concentrations were monitored by using two traps during stage 6 (flowering), namely, a Hirst volumetric sampler and a Cour passive trap. The bioclimatic conditions affected the duration of flowering, ranging from 11 and 24 days. The highest seasonal pollen integral (SPIn) was registered in 2016 for the Hirst sampler, with 302 pollen, and in 2019 for the Cour trap, with 1,797,765 pollen/m2/day. The main variables affecting pollen concentrations were average temperature during the main pollen season, as well as, temperatures and dew points during the pre-peak period. The relationship between pollen data registered by both traps and the obtained harvest indicate that the Hirst trap may be more suitable for predicting a local production and that the Cour sampler is more appropriate for forecasting regional productions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Viticulture and Breeding of Grapevine)
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Article
Ground Truthing and Physiological Validation of Vis-NIR Spectral Indices for Early Diagnosis of Nitrogen Deficiency in cv. Barbera (Vitis vinifera L.) Grapevines
Agronomy 2019, 9(12), 864; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120864 - 10 Dec 2019
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1276
Abstract
Several narrow or broadband spectral indices can be calculated at varying spatial and spectral resolution, which can then be correlated with the physiological and nutritional status of the leaves. In a three-year trial carried out on fruiting, potted cv. Barbera grapevines subjected to [...] Read more.
Several narrow or broadband spectral indices can be calculated at varying spatial and spectral resolution, which can then be correlated with the physiological and nutritional status of the leaves. In a three-year trial carried out on fruiting, potted cv. Barbera grapevines subjected to full (N+) or no (N0) nitrogen supply, seasonal evolution of different leaf spectral indices were correlated with non-destructive chlorophyll readings (Minolta SPAD meter), leaf gas exchange, and vine performance. Throughout the entire trial, N starvation resulted in greater-than-proportional limitation of vine yield as compared to vegetative growth (55% compared to 26% less than values measured on N+). Indices calculated within the red-edge spectral domain had highest sensitivity to relative change between N+ and N0, also indicating that the promptest response was recorded at the median shoot zone level. Twelve broadband indices were linearly correlated with leaf blade N concentration at veraison, indicating that N values ≤ 1.8% of dry matter identify a limiting N status. Any of these indices collected at the leaf level can be reliably used as a non-destructive predictor of N availability, albeit due to significant between-year variation in their absolute values at a given N level, readings should always include a well-supplied N treatment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Viticulture and Breeding of Grapevine)
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