Special Issue "Advanced Research of Perennial Grasses: Resilient Crops in a Multifunctional Agriculture"

A special issue of Agriculture (ISSN 2077-0472).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Danilo Scordia

University of Catania, Dipartimento di Agricoltura, Alimentazione e Ambiente
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Biomass; Bioenergy; Biofuels; Bioeconomy; Climate change; Global warming; Perennial grasses; Abiotic stress; Plant agronomy; Plant physiology; Ecosystem services
Co-Guest Editor
Prof. Salvatore L. Cosentino

University of Catania, Dipartimento di Agricoltura, Alimentazione e Ambiente
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Biomass; Bioenergy; Biofuels; Bioeconomy; Climate change; Global warming; Perennial grasses; Industrial Crops; Abiotic stress; Plant agronomy; Plant physiology; Ecosystem services

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Agriculture is facing a wide range of challenges, as climate change, rapid population growth and dietary habits, and emerging markets are steadily modifying traditional cropping systems.

In this context, the concept of multifunctional agriculture has emerged, as agriculture activity beyond its role of producing food/feed and fiber, may also have several other functions, such as renewable energy and fuel production, ecosystem services, and contributions to the socio-economic viability of rural areas. Grasses are the largest form of vascular, herbaceous plants of monocotyledonous type (Poaceae or Gramineae family), a valuable source of food, feed and energy for all sorts of wildlife, domesticated animals and humans, and are the most widespread plants on Earth. In addition to food and fodder, perennial grasses have been identified as the most resilient crops to various abiotic stresses for a number of different end-uses.

This Special Issue addresses advanced progress on perennial grasses as a source of food, feed, fiber, fuel and ecosystem services (erosion control, restoration of degraded lands, sequestration of atmospheric carbon, organic matter and nutrient retention, etc.), with the main emphasis on cultural practices to improve production under varying stress conditions. All types of articles, such as original research, opinions, and reviews are welcome. Replicated experiments, whether in open field or in controlled environments should be performed at least twice (at least two years or two locations) to account for environmental variations and/or genotype × environment interactions.

Dr. Danilo Scordia
Prof. Salvatore L. Cosentino
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agriculture is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 550 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Abiotic stress
  • Agriculture
  • Biomass yield
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Climate change
  • Degradation
  • Drought
  • Global warming
  • Heat
  • Marginal land
  • Salinity
  • Stress avoidance
  • Stress escape
  • Stress recovery
  • Stress resistance
  • Stress tolerance
  • Waterlogging
  • Advanced biofuel
  • Anaerobic digestion
  • Biochemical conversion
  • Bioethanol
  • Biogas
  • Biomethane
  • Biophysical constraint
  • Ecosystem services
  • Erosion
  • Feed
  • Fiber
  • Food
  • Fuel
  • Organic matter
  • Pollution
  • Resilience
  • Restoration
  • Soil degradation
  • Sustainability
  • Thermochemical conversion

Published Papers (1 paper)

View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-1
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Open AccessArticle Effect of Harvest Timing and Soil Moisture Content on Compaction, Growth and Harvest Yield in a Miscanthus Cropping System
Agriculture 2018, 8(10), 148; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8100148
Received: 30 July 2018 / Revised: 18 September 2018 / Accepted: 20 September 2018 / Published: 22 September 2018
PDF Full-text (1151 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Harvesting Miscanthus × giganteus (J.M. Greef & Deuter ex Hodkinson & Renvoize) after shoot emergence is known to reduce yields in subsequent seasons. This research was conducted in Miscanthus to assess the effects on crop response and soil compaction of annually repeated traffic,
[...] Read more.
Harvesting Miscanthus × giganteus (J.M. Greef & Deuter ex Hodkinson & Renvoize) after shoot emergence is known to reduce yields in subsequent seasons. This research was conducted in Miscanthus to assess the effects on crop response and soil compaction of annually repeated traffic, applied both before new growth in the rhizomes (early harvest) and after shoot emergence (late harvest), at two different soil moisture contents. While an annual early harvest, yields more than a late harvest, because damage to new shoots is avoided, soil compaction may be increased following repeated harvests. Five treatments were tested: (a) An untrafficked control, (b) early-traffic on soil with typical soil moisture content (SMC) (early-normal), (c) early-traffic on soil with elevated SMC (early-elevated), (d) late-traffic on soil with typical SMC (late-normal) and (e) late-traffic on soil with elevated SMC (late-wet). The experiment was conducted on a Gleysol in Co. Dublin, Ireland during 2010 and 2011. Crop response effects were assessed by measuring stem numbers, stem height, trafficked zone biomass yield (November) and overall stem yield (January). Compaction effects were assessed by measuring penetration resistance, bulk density and water infiltration rate. Trafficked zone biomass yield in the early-dry and early-wet treatments was, respectively, 18% and 23% lower than in the control, but was, respectively, 39% and 31% higher than in the late-dry treatment. Overall, stem yield was significantly lower in the late-normal and late-wet treatments (10.4 and 10.1 tdm ha−1 respectively) when compared with the control (12.4 tdm ha−1), but no significant difference was recorded in overall stem yield between both early-traffic treatments and the control. Penetration resistance values were significantly higher in all trafficked treatments when compared with the control at depths of 0.15 m (≥54–61%) and 0.30 m (≥27–57%) and were significantly higher in 2011 when compared with 2010 at depths of 0.15 and 0.30 m. Baler system traffic in Miscanthus significantly reduced yields and significantly increased compaction annually. Miscanthus harvested early, on a dry soil, yielded 1.1 tdm ha−1 more than when harvested late on a dry soil. The yield advantage increased to 1.3 tdm ha−1 when early harvesting on a soil with 40–43% moisture content was compared with late harvesting on a wetter soil (51–52% moisture content). In this study, the magnitude of yield losses from compaction or other causes in early harvests was substantially lower than the yield losses, which resulted from shoot damage in late harvests. It is likely in similar climates that the results of this study would also apply to other perennial crops growing in similar soil types. Full article
Figures

Figure 1

Back to Top