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Proceedings, 2022, IASSC 2022

International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022

Kota Bharu, Malaysia | 3 July 2022

Volume Editors: Dr. Mohamad Rahimi Mohamad Rosman, Dr. Nor Erlissa Abd Aziz, Dr. Mohd Nasir Ismail, Dr. Ghazali Osman and Dr. Khalid Abdul Wahid
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Cover Story (view full-size image): This publication gathers the proceedings of the International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022 (IASSC2022) held on 3 July 2022, in Kota Bharu, Malaysia. Featuring experienced keynotes [...] Read more.
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Preface

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Editorial
Statement of Peer Review
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082001 - 06 Sep 2022
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Abstract
When submitting conference proceedings to the journal Proceedings, the volume’s editors notify the publisher that they carried out a peer review of all published papers [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)

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Proceeding Paper
The Revisit Intention of Customers at Old Town White Coffee Outlets in Shah Alam, Malaysia during the Post-COVID-19 Pandemic Era
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 2; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082002 - 06 Sep 2022
Viewed by 128
Abstract
This study examined the relationship between the emotional triggers and revisit intention of customers at Old Town White Coffee outlets in Shah Alam, Malaysia during the post-COVID-19 pandemic era. Nevertheless, the motivations and attributes of customers returning to the same restaurant during the [...] Read more.
This study examined the relationship between the emotional triggers and revisit intention of customers at Old Town White Coffee outlets in Shah Alam, Malaysia during the post-COVID-19 pandemic era. Nevertheless, the motivations and attributes of customers returning to the same restaurant during the post-COVID-19 pandemic era remain unclear. By using three triggers of emotions: (i) food, (ii) environment, and (iii) staff, which were derived from the existing literature review for this study, a total of 309 customers participated, and all data were analysed using SPSS version 27. The multiple regression analysis reveals that food has the greatest effect towards the emotional trigger of customers to revisit restaurants. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Prospective Economic Cooperation between Somalia and Some ASEAN Nations
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 3; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082003 - 06 Sep 2022
Viewed by 144
Abstract
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established to address economic and political issues for the member nations; today the economy remains the centre stage of ASEAN. The group launched its Economic Community platform in 2015. The AEC is a milestone promoting [...] Read more.
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) was established to address economic and political issues for the member nations; today the economy remains the centre stage of ASEAN. The group launched its Economic Community platform in 2015. The AEC is a milestone promoting ASEAN economic integration. Somalia is a potential economic hub in the East African region, and the Somali people are vibrant entrepreneurs nicknamed “the Chinese of Africa”. This paper contends that Somalia and ASEAN should enhance their economic collaboration and ASEAN should not neglect or leave this part of the world to the Chinese or western economic exploitation. Given political culture of ASEAN, Somalia can learn from the enormous experiences of ASEAN both in economics and in political stability. The ASEAN region is projected to have the fourth largest gross domestic product (GDP) by 2050, and it continues to perform far better than the world’s average. Somalia already has economic connections with major ASEAN economies including Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. The paper provides practical suggestions for economic collaboration between ASEAN and Somalia. The methodology employed is historical and conceptual to highlight the economic and historical values of both sides. The research problem addressed is that there is a scarcity of literature on the economic relations between Somalia and ASEAN. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
The Employees-Organizational Performance Needs Model: The Mapping of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Balanced Scorecard into the Maqasid Al-Shari’ah Model
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 4; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082004 - 06 Sep 2022
Viewed by 161
Abstract
Organizations employ a performance management system to ensure sustainable performance. This paper aims to develop a model of performance management that may fulfil the basic needs of an employee and simultaneously ensures organizational performance. A review of the literature concerning Maslow’s Hierarchy of [...] Read more.
Organizations employ a performance management system to ensure sustainable performance. This paper aims to develop a model of performance management that may fulfil the basic needs of an employee and simultaneously ensures organizational performance. A review of the literature concerning Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs and Balanced Scorecard was conducted. As these two models are criticized for failing to recognize the spiritual needs, they are then mapped into the Maqasid al-Shari’ah model to develop a more comprehensive performance management model, named the Employees-Organizational Performance Needs Model (EOPNM), which may contribute to the body of knowledge in the area of performance management. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Testing the Validity of Purchasing Power Parity: Panel Cointegration Approaches with Big Mac Index
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 5; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082005 - 07 Sep 2022
Viewed by 119
Abstract
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is vital for determining exchange rates. It has been evaluated in a variety of ways, but the findings have been inconsistent. Traded products have been the focus of much investigation relating to PPP. When it comes to non-traded products [...] Read more.
Purchasing power parity (PPP) is vital for determining exchange rates. It has been evaluated in a variety of ways, but the findings have been inconsistent. Traded products have been the focus of much investigation relating to PPP. When it comes to non-traded products and services, the PPP deviation is especially noticeable. Against this background, this study examines the PPP from 1999 to 2021 across 27 economies, using the Big Mac as an example of an alternative non-traded good. The data analysis is conducted using the panel unit root and panel cointegration approaches. Both approaches confirm the validity of weak-form PPP. While the evidence for weak-form PPP is robust, it is inconclusive for strong-form PPP. The findings provide market participants in foreign exchange markets with guidance for the future movements of exchange rates when making investment decisions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Gadgets and Their Impact on Child Development
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 6; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082006 - 07 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Having gadgets for children can be beneficial, as children can be creative through mobile games or with a stimulus for their senses and imagination through some creative applications. However, the overuse of gadgets can make the children rely on them, and it also [...] Read more.
Having gadgets for children can be beneficial, as children can be creative through mobile games or with a stimulus for their senses and imagination through some creative applications. However, the overuse of gadgets can make the children rely on them, and it also can lead to addiction if they use them without proper guidance from their parents. This paper aims to visualize the use of gadgets among children on their acceptance and the impacts on their development. A total of fifteen informants were selected among children, caretakers, parents, and teachers via face-to-face interviews. The findings show that the children accept the use of gadgets due to their usefulness and easiness. However, there were some negative impacts of gadget usage in terms of social life, health, speech delay, and children’s cognitive skills, which also could affect their education in the long term. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Perspective of Work Ergonomics on Employee Task Performance in Hotel and Tourism Industry, Malaysia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082007 - 07 Sep 2022
Viewed by 138
Abstract
Work ergonomics is considered one of the important issues in every organisation because it is related to employees’ safety and health. The statistics recorded by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), Malaysia, showed an increasing number of accidents in the workplace [...] Read more.
Work ergonomics is considered one of the important issues in every organisation because it is related to employees’ safety and health. The statistics recorded by the Department of Occupational Safety and Health (DOSH), Malaysia, showed an increasing number of accidents in the workplace related to the hotel and tourism industry. Thus, this study aims to examine the relationship between work ergonomics, including physical ergonomics, organisational ergonomics, and cognitive ergonomics, with employee performance. To conduct this study, the researchers will collect data from primary sources. The researchers will randomly distribute the questionnaire to those working in the hotel and tourism industry in Malaysia. All data will be analysed using Smart PLS. The study findings will be clarified using frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Introducing Tax Education in Non-Accounting Curriculum: Evidence from Academicians
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 8; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082008 - 07 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Taxation is the key source of revenue for most developing countries in the world. Despite their reliance on taxes, most governments confront comparable revenue collection issues. For instance, Malaysia had the fourth lowest tax ratio among Asian and Pacific nations. This is quite [...] Read more.
Taxation is the key source of revenue for most developing countries in the world. Despite their reliance on taxes, most governments confront comparable revenue collection issues. For instance, Malaysia had the fourth lowest tax ratio among Asian and Pacific nations. This is quite surprising because a self-assessment system (SAS) has been in place for over two decades, yet voluntary compliance is still missing. Despite this, past research has revealed that Malaysian taxpayers appear to be tax illiterate. Thus, the purpose of the study was (i) to analyze the need for introducing tax subjects in non-accounting curriculums among academicians from non-accounting fields, (ii) to measure tax knowledge among non-accounting academicians, and (iii) to determine the preferences of non-accounting academicians on taxation topics if tax subjects are integrated into non-accounting curriculums. In September 2021, an online questionnaire was sent to all non-accounting academicians within the Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) system over a three-week period. There were 358 responses in all, with 349 questionnaires usable for data analysis. According to the findings, (i) most respondents probably agreed that tax subjects should be taught in all faculties, (ii) 50.4% of respondents demonstrated tax literacy, and (iii) real property and gains tax, tax planning for small businesses, and small company tax were the three most preferred tax topics. Despite the fact that Malaysia’s self-assessment system has been in place for over two decades, 41.8% of respondents had just a moderate understanding of taxes. The findings offer insight into how the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education and the Malaysian Inland Revenue Board may work together to deliver tax education to non-accounting students at the tertiary level. As a result, because the sample was confined to all UiTM academicians from non-accounting fields, the findings should be interpreted and generalized with caution. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Digital Food Supply Chain Traceability Framework
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 9; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082009 - 07 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The growing importance of digitalising food traceability systems can be attributed to mounting food safety incidents and customer demand for sustainable products. However, most previous studies focused on a specific technology in supply chain management and lacked a holistic approach that could help [...] Read more.
The growing importance of digitalising food traceability systems can be attributed to mounting food safety incidents and customer demand for sustainable products. However, most previous studies focused on a specific technology in supply chain management and lacked a holistic approach that could help organisations implement digital food supply chain traceability (DFSCT) systems. This study aims to synthesise the key elements of DFSCT identified in the existing literature and develop a framework to guide future research and practice in DFSCT. The proposed framework captures five dimensions of DFSCT—organisational capacity, enabling technology, the traceability process, expected benefits, and external factors influencing DFSCT system adoption. This study offers important implications for research and practice in DFSCT. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Bring-Your-Own-Device (BYOD) and Productivity: A Conceptual Framework
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082010 - 07 Sep 2022
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Abstract
BYOD is defined as the act of bringing your own gadget, facilities, or device to the organization or institution. The concept of BYOD has spread almost to many sectors, especially in education, due to a shortage of financial resources in the aftermath of [...] Read more.
BYOD is defined as the act of bringing your own gadget, facilities, or device to the organization or institution. The concept of BYOD has spread almost to many sectors, especially in education, due to a shortage of financial resources in the aftermath of the Novel Coronavirus 2019 pandemic. BYOD is a helpful concept in face-to-face education by giving the needy access to adequate resources. However, most of the time, students especially in higher learning institutions, are having a problem accessing adequate resources and facilities standards that may influence their productivity, performance, and perceived benefits. Moreover, the inadequacy of standardized facilities and requirements may also deprive the students of necessary productivity standards. Furthermore, the pandemic of Novel Coronavirus 2019 has transformed the current workplace practices, changing the work-life environment and warranting further exploration. Therefore, the purpose of this study is twofold; first, to identify user behavior intention to adopt BYOD, and second, to propose a conceptual model of BYOD underlying the interrelationship between BYOD antecedents and productivity. A structured literature review methodology was adopted, and a conceptual model was developed for further exploration of the topic. The contribution of this paper is as follows; first, this study identifies the antecedents of behavioral intention to adopt BYOD in the aftermath of the Novel Coronavirus 2019. Second, this study proposes a conceptual model underlying the relationship between BYOD antecedent, behavioral intention to adopt BYOD, and its impact in terms of productivity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Barriers Faced by Teachers in Acclimatizing to Online Teaching
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 11; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082011 - 07 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Centered on the transformation of the norm of education from face-to-face teaching to online platforms, this article explores the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that contribute to the challenges teachers faced in delivering online lessons during the pandemic. The study adapts thematic deductive qualitative [...] Read more.
Centered on the transformation of the norm of education from face-to-face teaching to online platforms, this article explores the intrinsic and extrinsic factors that contribute to the challenges teachers faced in delivering online lessons during the pandemic. The study adapts thematic deductive qualitative analysis approaches by using an open-ended questionnaire where the data were collected via Internet survey. The results portrayed intrinsic factors to exhibit the biggest barriers in comparison to extrinsic factors. Hence, teachers’ pedagogical needs should be considered, with priority given to teachers’ technological access by the education authority to improve the quality of the online teaching. This study provides insights for education authorities in addressing the challenges of online teaching, especially in terms of technological access. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
TPACK Readiness among English-Language Lecturers for Open Distance Learning (ODL) Adoption in a Malaysian Public University
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082012 - 08 Sep 2022
Viewed by 137
Abstract
In the wake of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis, the education domain all around the globe suddenly shifted to online/open distance learning (ODL) platforms. Despite decades of technological advancement in the fabric of education, it is progressively important to understand English-language lecturers’ [...] Read more.
In the wake of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis, the education domain all around the globe suddenly shifted to online/open distance learning (ODL) platforms. Despite decades of technological advancement in the fabric of education, it is progressively important to understand English-language lecturers’ technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) readiness to adopt ODL. Generally, language-learning classes are conducted in the traditional physical setting. This is of great importance to investigate lecturers’ ability to integrate technology into teaching and learning, as it is a significant factor that affects online learning success. This quantitative case study aims to explore the TPACK readiness of English-language lecturers in one public university in Malaysia. Based on the TPACK model, an online survey was designed and administered to collect data among 143 English-language lecturers during the movement control order. Despite an immediate compulsory ODL deployment, the results indicate that the English-language lecturers’ TPACK readiness is progressive, and they are acquiescent and fairly receptive towards the ODL with efforts to overcome ODL challenges and stay positive. This, in turn, contributed to students’ positive performance. It is hoped that such information can offer some insights for ensuring positive impacts in tertiary educational teaching and learning practice. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
The Mediating Role of Perceived Constraints between Human–Pet Relationships and Willingness to Travel with Pets: A Theoretical Framework
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082013 - 08 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Many modern families involve pets in most of their daily social activities. Yet, many of them do not involve pets when undertaking tourism activities. Drawing upon theories of planned behaviour and leisure constraint models, this study intends to examine how perceptions of their [...] Read more.
Many modern families involve pets in most of their daily social activities. Yet, many of them do not involve pets when undertaking tourism activities. Drawing upon theories of planned behaviour and leisure constraint models, this study intends to examine how perceptions of their relationship with pets and perceived constraints may influence the willingness of owners to travel with pets. Focusing on reviewing multidisciplinary literature on human–pet relationship-oriented leisure trip activities with a method of theoretical analysis, this paper proposed an integrated theoretical framework based on recognized and synthesized patterns and similarities within the literature. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Levels of Stress, Anxiety, and Depression in the Initial Stage of Movement Control Order in Malaysia: A Sociodemographic Analysis
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082014 - 08 Sep 2022
Viewed by 140
Abstract
Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, many have lost their source of income, causing them to be socially isolated and consequently limiting their participation in social events. This has led to the occurrence of mental health illnesses and has impacted the level of life [...] Read more.
Due to the COVID-19 epidemic, many have lost their source of income, causing them to be socially isolated and consequently limiting their participation in social events. This has led to the occurrence of mental health illnesses and has impacted the level of life satisfaction. This study assessed the effect of the introduction of movement control orders (MCOs) in Malaysia during the initial phase of the COVID-19 epidemic. Between 1 April 2020 and 30 May 2020, a Google form containing a questionnaire assessing socio-demographic information and the effects of MCO on mental health was made available to the public via email and a social media forum, and 762 responses were collected. Those who took the initiative to fill out the responses were therefore categorized as survey participants. City-dwelling Chinese-ethnic women between the ages of 18 and 25 who have mild to severe symptoms of sadness, anxiety, and stress were at the highest risk for developing mental health disorders, according to the study. The firms should be accorded appropriate consideration, acknowledgement, focus, and financial support. The goal of mental health programs for affected individuals should be to create a society free of the mental health difficulties, which can grasp the soul and mind and, eventually, improve the quality of life. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Key Determinants of Continuance Usage Intention: An Empirical Study of Mobile Food Delivery Apps among Malaysians
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082015 - 08 Sep 2022
Viewed by 138
Abstract
Mobile food delivery apps have been widely used, especially among Malaysians during the COVID-19 pandemic. When the government allowed restaurants to reopen, mobile food delivery apps slightly declined as Malaysians rushed to dine in restaurants. What determinants Malaysian users to continue to use [...] Read more.
Mobile food delivery apps have been widely used, especially among Malaysians during the COVID-19 pandemic. When the government allowed restaurants to reopen, mobile food delivery apps slightly declined as Malaysians rushed to dine in restaurants. What determinants Malaysian users to continue to use mobile food delivery apps services after the COVID-19 pandemic remain unknown. Underlying the Extended Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT2) determinants, this study introduces two other relevant determinants: convenience and time saving. Partial least squares structural equation modeling techniques using SmartPLS were used to analyse the data. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Measuring Willingness to Communicate in English among Malaysian Language Learners through Domains of Language Use
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082016 - 08 Sep 2022
Viewed by 135
Abstract
In the field of second language acquisition (SLA) and language teaching, willingness to communicate (WTC), a construct of oral communication, has been extensively researched as it is considered a facilitative factor for language development. Most studies examine this construct using the quantitative method. [...] Read more.
In the field of second language acquisition (SLA) and language teaching, willingness to communicate (WTC), a construct of oral communication, has been extensively researched as it is considered a facilitative factor for language development. Most studies examine this construct using the quantitative method. There are fewer studies that have examined how languages are codeswitched and used interchangeably across different social domains, a common practice among Malaysian English language users. The purpose of this research was to develop and validate a WTC measuring tool for Malaysian English language learners. In the questionnaire, WTC in English was examined and determined via four language use domains—education, friendship, transaction and family. The validity of the four domain factors was tested using the two-stage approach factor analysis. The results suggest that WTC can be seen as a domain-based construct where learner social domains are contextualized. This paper aims to briefly introduce the study and presents its validation results. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Demystifying the Specific Roles and Challenges of Educational Audiologists: A Narrative Review
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082017 - 08 Sep 2022
Viewed by 126
Abstract
Educational audiology is a critical subspecialty in the field of audiology. An educational audiologist is responsible for providing services to hearing-impaired children in educational settings. Despite their responsibilities in performing their roles, they also encounter challenges. Therefore, the aim of this literature review [...] Read more.
Educational audiology is a critical subspecialty in the field of audiology. An educational audiologist is responsible for providing services to hearing-impaired children in educational settings. Despite their responsibilities in performing their roles, they also encounter challenges. Therefore, the aim of this literature review was to demystify the specific roles of educational audiologists and challenges faced by them in real school environments. Materials and Methods: A search of the Scopus and Web of Science (WoS) databases was conducted in February 2020, and 17 relevant articles were identified. The inclusion criteria were educational audiology studies conducted in all countries or regions, and articles written in English. Results: The review identified six main themes concerning the roles of educational audiologists, and five main themes concerning the challenges that are faced by them. The findings from this review provide essential information on current educational practices in the audiology field. Conclusions: School-age hearing-impaired children have specific needs and require specific services to be provided to them by educational audiologists. In this review, the knowledge gaps in the roles and the challenges faced by educational audiologists are revealed accordingly. As a result, several recommendations are highlighted based on the review results. Notably, school-based audiological data for evidence-based practice in school settings are required and should be the focus of future research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Adaptation of Teleaudiology Approach in Undergraduate Clinical Examinations: Lesson Learned
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082018 - 08 Sep 2022
Viewed by 127
Abstract
USM’s undergraduate audiology program began in 2005 and lasted eight semesters. Advances in information and communications technology (ICT) and the global COVID-19 epidemic are promoting telehealth in clinical teaching. This study used Krumm’s teleaudiology model for eight pediatric face-to-face clinical audiology examinations with [...] Read more.
USM’s undergraduate audiology program began in 2005 and lasted eight semesters. Advances in information and communications technology (ICT) and the global COVID-19 epidemic are promoting telehealth in clinical teaching. This study used Krumm’s teleaudiology model for eight pediatric face-to-face clinical audiology examinations with final-year clinical students. Observation, Internet connectivity, and audiologist satisfaction confirmed the model’s feasibility. Lack of ICT resources and staff caused technical issues in most sessions. Internet speed was faster than early estimates. Live observation was more satisfying than recordings. We successfully implemented a trial version of an adapted teleaudiology approach that may be used to observe audiology clinical examinations. With minor changes, this approach can also be used for clinical observation in the future, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Major Trends in Ageing Population Research: A Bibliometric Analysis from 2001 to 2021
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082019 - 09 Sep 2022
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Abstract
People aged 65 years and above currently outnumber children below five years old. Globally, there were 727 million persons aged 65 years or over in the world in 2020. This increase in the ageing population has called for more research to be conducted [...] Read more.
People aged 65 years and above currently outnumber children below five years old. Globally, there were 727 million persons aged 65 years or over in the world in 2020. This increase in the ageing population has called for more research to be conducted concerning this group. This study presents a bibliometric analysis of the publications on ageing population research retrieved from the Scopus database between 2001 and 2021. The findings show that there has been a continuous growth in publications in research on the ageing population for 20 years since 2001. The results obtained from this research will provide the researcher with an overview of the trends in research related to the ageing population and allow them to strategize further research in different areas in the future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
A Ringgit Saved Is a Ringgit Earned: Saving Habits among Malaysian Cadets
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082020 - 09 Sep 2022
Viewed by 79
Abstract
Saving money has an important role in both individual lives and economic prosperity. It offers individuals an escape from life’s uncertainties and encourages investment, which could indirectly contribute to the economic progress of a nation. This study investigates the factors that influence the [...] Read more.
Saving money has an important role in both individual lives and economic prosperity. It offers individuals an escape from life’s uncertainties and encourages investment, which could indirectly contribute to the economic progress of a nation. This study investigates the factors that influence the saving habits of Malaysian military cadets. The study focuses on the impact of parental socialization, peer influence, financial literacy, and self-control on saving habits. Adopting a positivist paradigm, the research design was drawn from a survey of 400 military cadets studying at the National Defense University of Malaysia. The data was analyzed using multiple regression analysis. The results reveal substantial correlations between the variables except for financial literacy; hence, all of the proposed hypotheses are supported except the hypothesis related to financial literacy. Both the life cycle theory and the theory of planned behavior are supported by the findings. This study provides valuable information about the saving habits of military cadets and soldiers and the importance of savings plans. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Visual Design as the Key Factor for Effective Environmental Analytics Dashboard
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082021 - 09 Sep 2022
Viewed by 132
Abstract
This paper proposes visual design as the key factor for an effective environmental analytics dashboard. Organisations found it challenging to organise data before emerging visualisation techniques such as using dashboards and analytics. Environmental analytics dashboards support analysis of performance and progress of a [...] Read more.
This paper proposes visual design as the key factor for an effective environmental analytics dashboard. Organisations found it challenging to organise data before emerging visualisation techniques such as using dashboards and analytics. Environmental analytics dashboards support analysis of performance and progress of a task/situation for some time, i.e., weekly, monthly or yearly. However, there is a dilemma in choosing a suitable visual design for the data, especially for the environmental domain. The objective of the papers is to conduct a mini-review on the visual design factor and subfactors in the context of environmental dashboards. These factors can be the initial focal point when producing an effective dashboard framework. The methodology chosen for this review is a systematic literature review (SLR). Based on the SLR, 23 papers were reviewed, and visual design was deemed the key factor. Two subfactors, highlighted regions and values, and different visualisation techniques mainly support the key factor. Additionally, the current research shows increased research for effective dashboards from 2006 until 2022 that focuses on visual designs. The listed subfactors can be used as guidance later to build an effective environmental analytics dashboard. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Moral Values Application in Islamic Education Teaching and Learning through the 21CE Activities
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082022 - 09 Sep 2022
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Abstract
This study aims to explore the values that can be applied through the 21st Century Education (21CE) implementation as well as explore creative methods that can be used to apply moral values to students during the 21CE activities. Online interviews were conducted with [...] Read more.
This study aims to explore the values that can be applied through the 21st Century Education (21CE) implementation as well as explore creative methods that can be used to apply moral values to students during the 21CE activities. Online interviews were conducted with five Islamic education teachers (IET) and the data obtained were subsequently transcribed and analyzed. The results highlighted three main themes to answer the first objective, namely: religious appreciation, daily interaction, and leadership. Meanwhile, five main themes emerged to answer the second objective, namely role models, rewards and punishments, advice, social media use, and innovation production. The findings of this study are expected to provide ideas for IET to apply moral values creatively in the implementation of 21CE activities. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Integrating Design Features for E-Learning Platforms
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082023 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The reliance on online learning platforms to continue teaching and learning with COVID-19 issues and implications emphasises the necessity and preparedness of e-learning platforms as a main means of providing students with quality education. Supporting web platforms for higher education requires an awareness [...] Read more.
The reliance on online learning platforms to continue teaching and learning with COVID-19 issues and implications emphasises the necessity and preparedness of e-learning platforms as a main means of providing students with quality education. Supporting web platforms for higher education requires an awareness of content design elements for online learning sustainability and optimisation. This study proposes that e-learning platforms must prioritise usability and utility from a design standpoint to meet future needs. This article presents an overview of the primary features necessary in an online learning platform and conceptual work linked to design feature variables that may be developed to produce a good online learning platform and fulfil local students’ preferences. Sharing, search, networking, and organisation enhance distance learning. This study examines new e-learning platform features to improve educational technology. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Exploratory Factor Analysis of Financial Literacy in the Malaysian Context
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082024 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Financial literacy has become one of the most important factors in personal financial management. Low financial literacy among Malaysians is an issue that leads to various problems such as bankruptcy, poor financial planning, inability to save for emergencies, and many more. This study [...] Read more.
Financial literacy has become one of the most important factors in personal financial management. Low financial literacy among Malaysians is an issue that leads to various problems such as bankruptcy, poor financial planning, inability to save for emergencies, and many more. This study aims to validate the measurement model for a Financial Literacy construct. Generally, the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) is required to expose the appropriate items for use in research instruments. Thus, this study takes steps to develop and validate the instrument of financial literacy in the Malaysian context. This study adopted a cross-sectional research design, with data collected from 100 school teachers in the state of Kelantan, Malaysia. Items with a 10-interval scale were used. Using the Principal Component extraction method with Varimax Rotation, the researchers performed the EFA procedure on construct elements using SPSS software. Bartlett’s Test of Sphericity and the Kaiser–Meyer–Olkin (KMO) sampling adequacy were also performed. Cronbach’s alpha was used to test the reliability of the retained items. The items of financial literacy initially consist of 15 items. Based on the factor analysis, this study finalized the instrument of 11 financial literacy items, yielding three dimensions, i.e., numeracy (four items), time money value (four items), and inflation (three items). This study explained in detail the procedures for carrying out EFA analysis for the Financial Literacy construct. Due to the limited knowledge regarding the dimensions of the Financial Literacy construct, this study adds an important survey instrument to the literature that will help to measure financial literacy dimensions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Developing an E-College Monitoring System as a Web-Based Monitoring Tool Application
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082025 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The E-College Monitoring System is an online system that can manage students’ outings in UiTM and to study and understand the system application for students who live in UiTM. In addition, it will be used to test the e-college monitoring application system functioning. [...] Read more.
The E-College Monitoring System is an online system that can manage students’ outings in UiTM and to study and understand the system application for students who live in UiTM. In addition, it will be used to test the e-college monitoring application system functioning. The methodology that we chose is by using the system development life cycle (SDLC). The qualitative findings showed that the current manual system in UiTM Machang is not reliable. This project contributes to the technological value and the impacts of the system that have been developed. Different from the prior system, this study is an exploratory attempt to investigate the manual system that has been used by some universities and uncovered that the mechanisms with technology influence the university’s performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Major Selection Tendency among Creative Arts Students, Academy of Arts and Creative Technology, UMS
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082026 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Both teachers and students are concerned about choosing majors. The gap between initial student expectations and external circumstances might lead to inferior academic performance and higher dropout rates. The purpose of this study was to determine the majors chosen by university freshmen and [...] Read more.
Both teachers and students are concerned about choosing majors. The gap between initial student expectations and external circumstances might lead to inferior academic performance and higher dropout rates. The purpose of this study was to determine the majors chosen by university freshmen and the factors that influenced their selection of creative arts majors. They filled out surveys about ASTiF’s Creative Arts majors. Results show that desire, family, lecturer, and course difficulty influence student major selection. According to the survey, students have their own perceptions of majors before pursuing these specialisations. Academic accomplishment, personal and social growth, and retention must be outlined in advance. Better preparation and communication between teachers, students, and parents are needed to identify more appropriate majors for each student. Universities could perhaps offer courses geared toward the aspects of academic choices, attitudes, and social skills. This should be a process, not an event, and should include peer-mentoring and staff-–student engagement to choose an ASTiF Creative Arts major. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Developing a COVID-19 Tool as a Web-Based Means of Assessing Gold (iGold)
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082027 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The focus of this study was the design and development of a web-based application for the assessment of gold during the COVID-19 pandemic known as Cov_iGold. The pandemic had clear and serious consequences for the global economy due to the stringent quarantine guidelines [...] Read more.
The focus of this study was the design and development of a web-based application for the assessment of gold during the COVID-19 pandemic known as Cov_iGold. The pandemic had clear and serious consequences for the global economy due to the stringent quarantine guidelines introduced which led to economic activities becoming dormant. Despite the extreme restrictions on operations and face-to-face transactions, there is still a demand for gold. As the global market has been widely affected, this platform is expected to provide a general tool to meet the demands of gold collectors and merchants. It is a self-exploratory application, through which users will be able to gain daily access to gold-related information, e.g., current prices, gold market trends and the selling and purchasing of gold with added features. This tool was developed according to five stages of the Systems Development Life Cycle (SLDC), namely, planning, analysis, design, implementation and maintenance. Gold merchants can easily track their buyers, receive payment hassle-free and effectively manage large numbers of buyer-related data in one repository. With these significant functions, inaccuracies in data will be reduced or eliminated. Having these resources at their fingertips, Cov_iGold users will be able to fully optimize its features from the comfort of their own homes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Alliance Management Capabilities and Enterprise Resilience—The Mediating Role of Information Technology Capabilities: The Case of Indonesia’s State-Owned Enterprises
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082028 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Based on dynamic capability theory, this study examines Alliance Management Capabilities (AMCs) in fostering the enterprise resilience (ER) of Indonesia’s State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) and their subsidiaries. Information Technology Capabilities (ITCs) are used as mediating variables. The study was administered through an online survey [...] Read more.
Based on dynamic capability theory, this study examines Alliance Management Capabilities (AMCs) in fostering the enterprise resilience (ER) of Indonesia’s State-Owned Enterprises (SOEs) and their subsidiaries. Information Technology Capabilities (ITCs) are used as mediating variables. The study was administered through an online survey using questionnaires to the board of director members and senior managers. There were 322 valid responses received. The findings of the PLS-SEM analysis show that AMCs influence the creation of ER and ITCs. ITCs mediate the relationship between AMCs and ER. The findings could provide the management and policymakers the ability to develop a strategy for building and improving ER. This study broadens the scope of prior research in ER and dynamic capability theory in SOEs in emerging economies. The findings offer novelty to the limited literature on enterprise resilience in public organizations from dynamic capability theory operating in emerging markets. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Conscious or Unconscious: The Intention of Hate Speech in Cyberworld—A Conceptual Paper
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 29; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082029 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Exponential growth in social media has led to the increasing popularity of hate speech and hate-based propaganda. Hate speech or malicious expression refers to the use of offensive, violent, or offensive language and its religious conduct with a specific group of people who [...] Read more.
Exponential growth in social media has led to the increasing popularity of hate speech and hate-based propaganda. Hate speech or malicious expression refers to the use of offensive, violent, or offensive language and its religious conduct with a specific group of people who share a common property, such as gender, ethnicity, race, or beliefs. Online hate diffusion has now become a serious problem as it creates a series of international initiatives aimed at defining problems and developing effective countermeasures; this study delves into the exploration of the intention of hate speech posting on social media, especially on Twitter. Both dramaturgical models of social interaction and cultivation theory were used to explain the hate speech culture phenomenon. A qualitative method is proposed for this study as part of the exploration. Results revealed that most of the previous studies on hate speech focused on the field of computer science but rarely on the communication field. The paper presents the results of past studies and shows the new proposed framework. The investigation suggests future directions for the problem and possible solutions; it starts with the background of the research, the explanation of the problem, the meaning of the research, and pursuing the research questions and goals of the research before finally explaining the limits. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Software Reuse Practices among Malaysian Freelance Developers: A Conceptual Framework
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 30; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082030 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Software reuse development practices have been proven to benefit software development in terms of a quicker time to market and quality. Although being aware of the benefits, software developers tend to overlook this method due to various reasons. Impacted by the advancement of [...] Read more.
Software reuse development practices have been proven to benefit software development in terms of a quicker time to market and quality. Although being aware of the benefits, software developers tend to overlook this method due to various reasons. Impacted by the advancement of technology, the software development scenario has been dramatically altered as the popularity of software development organizations hiring third party developers acutely rises. Freelance developers enable software development organizations to obtain high expertise in development specific areas on a project-by-project basis that gives development cost flexibility. However, information regarding freelance developer development practice is found to be limited in the related literature. By applying the systematic literature review approach, this study’s main objective is to develop a conceptual framework to investigate software reuse practices among Malaysian freelance developers. The framework consists of individual characteristics, project characteristics, technological characteristics, software reuse development practices, quality, and achievement goals as constructs. The framework would be a basis for future empirical studies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Information Literacy and Local Knowledge Transfer: A Pilot Study among the Minangkabau Community in the Agam District, Indonesia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082031 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
This article aims to examine sample data on the level of information literacy and local knowledge. Based on the literature review, a 40-item questionnaire was constructed. To ensure the validity, reliability, and normality of the data, a data collection instrument was devised and [...] Read more.
This article aims to examine sample data on the level of information literacy and local knowledge. Based on the literature review, a 40-item questionnaire was constructed. To ensure the validity, reliability, and normality of the data, a data collection instrument was devised and then reviewed by experts. A pilot study was also conducted and participated in by 50 respondents. The data were processed using SPSS. The findings reveal the instrument was reliable, and there were no abnormalities in the data with the highest value of 0.848 and the lowest value of 0.760. It means that the questionnaire can be used for data collection. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Socio-Economic Differences in Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case in Malaysia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082032 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic has drastically transformed the human lifestyle and world socioeconomic conditions. It has attracted many scholars to assess the consequences of this pandemic. From a different angle, this study aims to compare the socioeconomic conditions before and during the COVID-19 pandemic; [...] Read more.
The COVID-19 pandemic has drastically transformed the human lifestyle and world socioeconomic conditions. It has attracted many scholars to assess the consequences of this pandemic. From a different angle, this study aims to compare the socioeconomic conditions before and during the COVID-19 pandemic; and to assess which socioeconomic indicator was most impacted by the pandemic. This empirical study employed a valid and reliable questionnaire that was randomly distributed to 516 respondents aged 18 to 65 years old in Peninsular Malaysia. Paired sample t-test and frequency analysis were utilised for the data analysis. Results show a significant difference in terms of socioeconomic conditions, namely income, saving, job security, health conditions, security/personal safety, emotional condition, spirituality, and work productivity was observed before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, spirituality (99.4%), food security (96.9%), health (88%), and personal safety (83.5%) were the most affected indicators during the COVID-19 pandemic. The outcomes of this study could provide policymakers with a clear picture of the effective strategy for achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and aiding Malaysia in its economic and social recovery after the pandemic. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Measuring the Reliability Analysis of Heutagogy Learning, Student Motivation and Digital Literacy among Indonesian Students
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 33; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082033 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
This paper’s aim was to measure the reliability of heutagogy learning, student motivation, and digital literacy among Indonesian students. This study used a quantitative approach. Respondents are secondary school students in Indonesia. Data were collected using a questionnaire. The instruments that were compiled [...] Read more.
This paper’s aim was to measure the reliability of heutagogy learning, student motivation, and digital literacy among Indonesian students. This study used a quantitative approach. Respondents are secondary school students in Indonesia. Data were collected using a questionnaire. The instruments that were compiled were also reviewed by experts. A pilot study was also conducted and followed by 54 respondents. The data were processed using SPSS. The findings revealed the instrument was reliable and there were no abnormalities in the data with the highest value of 0.917 and the lowest value of 0.720. It means that the questionnaire can be used for data collection Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The E-Servqual Effect on Mobile Stickiness Intention of E-Commerce Marketplace
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082034 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Digital devices and the internet have created a new lifestyle among Malaysian consumers, especially after COVID-19. Online transactions have become common. Shopping on e-commerce marketplaces has become inseparable from the life of Malaysian consumers. The most popular e-commerce marketplace applications used here are [...] Read more.
Digital devices and the internet have created a new lifestyle among Malaysian consumers, especially after COVID-19. Online transactions have become common. Shopping on e-commerce marketplaces has become inseparable from the life of Malaysian consumers. The most popular e-commerce marketplace applications used here are Shopee and Lazada. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of e-service quality on stickiness intention in Malaysia. This study obtained 251 responses and uses the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) to test all four hypotheses. The results showed that three relationships (reliability, website design, and customer service and support) were found to have significant effects on mobile stickiness intention while the second hypothesis (privacy and security) was found to have an insignificant negative effect on mobile stickiness intention. The findings of this study provide insight into consumer behaviour, e-commerce, marketing, and technology. This study contributes to the growing literature on E-Servqual and stickiness intention. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
The Moderating Role of Information Security Behaviour (ISB) on the Relationship between Digital Literacy (DL) and Information Security Culture (ISC): A Proposed Research Framework
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 35; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082035 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Information Security Culture (ISC) has been suggested as a means of strengthening employees’ information security in the workplace. However, the role of employees and their digital skills in the process has been largely overlooked. Establishing an information security culture that strives to secure [...] Read more.
Information Security Culture (ISC) has been suggested as a means of strengthening employees’ information security in the workplace. However, the role of employees and their digital skills in the process has been largely overlooked. Establishing an information security culture that strives to secure information by having employees who are digitally literate, as well as exerting influence on the employees’ behaviour regarding security, is one of the measures that may be utilised to mitigate risks provided by humans. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to establish a research framework that moderates the effect of information security behaviour (ISB) on the relationship between digital literacy (DL) and information security culture (ISC). The study will improve DL and ISCB among employees who implement the country’s development plans, such as enhancing administrative functions, social infrastructure, and economic growth performance in accordance with MyDigital initiatives, as well as the government’s ISC. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Students’ Attitudes and Behavior towards Academic Dishonesty during Online Learning
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 36; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082036 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Online learning has been an integral part of the educational process in universities, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the popularity of online learning, concerns exist over their level of academic integrity. The aim of this study is to investigate students’ attitudes and [...] Read more.
Online learning has been an integral part of the educational process in universities, particularly during the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the popularity of online learning, concerns exist over their level of academic integrity. The aim of this study is to investigate students’ attitudes and behavior towards academic dishonesty during online learning. In total, 319 undergraduate health sciences students at a public university took part in the survey. The online self-administered questionnaire was distributed through a social media platform. Data collected were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 25.0. Majority of the respondents perceived the indicated behavior as serious cheating. However, most respondents (86.2%) self-report that they have engaged in academically dishonest behaviour at least once for the past one year. Furthermore, approximately 77% (n = 246) of respondent has witnessed act of academic dishonesty among their friends for the past one year. Spearman correlation test revealed no association between students’ attitudes and behavior towards academic dishonesty during online learning. The result of this study, in summary, is that students perceive the indicated behaviors as serious cheating and have engaged in academically dishonest behaviors less frequently. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
High School Students’ Motivation Needs and Their Intentions to Pursue Tertiary Education
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 37; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082037 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The study investigated the motivational needs of secondary school students and their intentions to pursue higher education. The descriptive survey method was utilised. This study’s sample was comprised of 137 students in grades four and five in secondary schools in Langkawi Island, Malaysia. [...] Read more.
The study investigated the motivational needs of secondary school students and their intentions to pursue higher education. The descriptive survey method was utilised. This study’s sample was comprised of 137 students in grades four and five in secondary schools in Langkawi Island, Malaysia. For data analysis, descriptive and inferential statistics were utilised. The results indicated that these students have high educational aspirations concerning physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, self-esteem needs, and self-improvement needs. The survey also revealed that the need for self-improvement influences the educational ambitions of students pursuing tertiary education. Other motivational elements, including physiological needs, safety needs, social needs, and self-esteem needs, have no statistically significant relationship with students’ plans to pursue postsecondary education. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
The Impact of Social Media on the Teaching and Learning of EFL Speaking Skills during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 38; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082038 - 13 Sep 2022
Viewed by 125
Abstract
The shift to teaching online during the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the extensive use of social media in the English language classroom. The current study investigated the impact of social media on the speaking skills of tertiary-level EFL students during the pandemic. [...] Read more.
The shift to teaching online during the COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in the extensive use of social media in the English language classroom. The current study investigated the impact of social media on the speaking skills of tertiary-level EFL students during the pandemic. Adopting a qualitative framework, data was collected by using in-depth interviews with both students and lecturers. Findings generally point to the benefits of using social media in the speaking classroom. However, accounting for students’ cultural differences is the most important aspect during the lessons. Implications on the pedagogical awareness of lecturers are underscored. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Dealing with the Locality at the Islamic Tourism Destination from the Islamic Perspective in Malaysia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082039 - 14 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Government authority plays a significant role in ensuring the aim of being a famous Islamic tourism destination is achievable with proper planning and implementation. However, challenges to sustain Islamic tourism destination could be triggered if the government fails to manage localities where it [...] Read more.
Government authority plays a significant role in ensuring the aim of being a famous Islamic tourism destination is achievable with proper planning and implementation. However, challenges to sustain Islamic tourism destination could be triggered if the government fails to manage localities where it will probably face participatory unwillingness among the society in terms of tourism development. Therefore, this paper carried out an exploratory study on the significance of considering the locality to promote an Islamic tourism destination from the Islamic perspective in Malaysia. Document analysis was chosen in this qualitative research that involves retrieving the data from the journal articles, government reports, and any reliable sources on websites. This study found that the spirit of governing tourism destinations aligns with Shariah principles as well as other sustainability motives, which leads to success where understanding the local context plays a significant role in realizing this mission. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Intention to Choose Education Course in UiTM Using Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB)
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082040 - 14 Sep 2022
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Abstract
In line with the offering of a Master’s of Education as a new course in UiTM Kelantan, this study was conducted to investigate the willingness of the community to enrol into the course based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). The influences [...] Read more.
In line with the offering of a Master’s of Education as a new course in UiTM Kelantan, this study was conducted to investigate the willingness of the community to enrol into the course based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB). The influences of attitude, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control towards intention were studied. A total of 347 data elements were obtained from employees working in both public and private sectors in Kelantan and Terengganu. The data were analysed using SmartPLS. The findings reveal a significant influence of attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioural control on the intention of the respondents to enrol into an education course offered at UiTM. The findings of this study are expected to contribute to identify the factors that influence the intentions of the community members, in particular public servants, to choose courses offered at UiTM Kelantan. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Enhancing ESL Writing Instruction Using Headgram
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 41; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082041 - 14 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Language instructors have long focused on improving students’ competency. The greatest methods for involving students in the classroom are constantly evolving to meet the demands of the students. To accomplish the goal, new strategies and methods have been developed. As a result, some [...] Read more.
Language instructors have long focused on improving students’ competency. The greatest methods for involving students in the classroom are constantly evolving to meet the demands of the students. To accomplish the goal, new strategies and methods have been developed. As a result, some form of motivation is required to make sure that students are inspired and involved in the class so that it will be more meaningful. In light of this context, the researchers suggest the use of a board game called Headgram. Headgram is a board game developed by the researchers of the present study. A total of 62 students enrolled in the Integrated Language Skills III at Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Pulau Pinang were chosen as participants of the present study, and they played Headgram. This preliminary study is set out with the purpose of examining the students’ perception of Headgram and to learn whether Headgram has helped the students perform better with their writing skills. In doing so, an action research study was conducted, and information was acquired using a combination of methods, including semi-structured individual face-to-face interviews and 15 questions on pre- and post-tests. The results of this study indicate that the students enjoy Headgram, though it is a challenging game, and Headgram effectively encourages a sense of enjoyment while enhancing students’ writing abilities—specifically, sentence structure. Further, it was revealed that Headgram encourages students to work well as a team. Future studies might concentrate on the opinions of the teachers in order to have a balanced viewpoint, whereas the current study concentrated only on student responses using Headgram. Additionally, since technology is a cutting-edge tool, it would be amazing if Headgram became accessible online in the future. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Language Proficiency among Non-Native Chinese Language Learners: A Discriminant Analysis
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082042 - 14 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The Chinese Language (CL) is difficult to learn, and CL non-native learners are finding it increasingly difficult. Therefore, additional information on how to guide students is critical. As a result, the goal of this research is to find out what criteria distinguish high [...] Read more.
The Chinese Language (CL) is difficult to learn, and CL non-native learners are finding it increasingly difficult. Therefore, additional information on how to guide students is critical. As a result, the goal of this research is to find out what criteria distinguish high and low proficiency students in Chinese learning. The data was collected through a Google form questionnaire from 79 CL non-native students who had previously studied Chinese. The findings demonstrate that the only difference between the two groups is the writing strategies used. This study concludes that various teaching methods should emphasise writing skills in order to become proficient in Chinese. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Factors Affecting Innovative Behaviours among Students in Public Higher Learning in the Southern Region in Malaysia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 43; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082043 - 14 Sep 2022
Viewed by 76
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to investigate how undergraduate students perceive leadership competencies and their impact on innovative behaviour. A quantitative research approach was applied in this investigation. The study’s results were validated using quantitative analysis. SPSS software was used to conduct [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study is to investigate how undergraduate students perceive leadership competencies and their impact on innovative behaviour. A quantitative research approach was applied in this investigation. The study’s results were validated using quantitative analysis. SPSS software was used to conduct the data analysis. Descriptive statistics were used to summarise the respondent’s information. The independent t-test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to compare the differences in the level of innovative behaviour based on demographic background. Besides, multiple linear regression was implemented to explore the relationship between students’ leadership competency skills, cognitive development/critical analysis, interpersonal skills, and innovative behaviour. A total of 2156 students responded to an online survey; however, only 731 qualified. The respondents in this survey were undergraduate students who have held a position in any club or group on campus. The current study shows that cognitive development/critical analysis, interpersonal skills, and students’ leadership competence skills all play a role in predicting student innovative behaviour. Student interpersonal skills are the most important factor influencing students’ innovative behaviour. This study examined the effect of leadership skills on students’ innovative behaviour. Additionally, this study examined undergraduate students who were active in any club or group on campus. This type of research has not been thoroughly studied, if at all, in academic circles. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Secondary Students’ Mental Well-Being after the Pandemic—An Analysis According to Location and Study Levels
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 44; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082044 - 14 Sep 2022
Viewed by 103
Abstract
The study surveyed 1547 secondary school students’ mental health when they resumed in-person classes by examining the prevalence of depressive symptoms with the abridged Beck Depression Inventory II. Chi-square test found a significant association between location and depression levels, with a higher proportion [...] Read more.
The study surveyed 1547 secondary school students’ mental health when they resumed in-person classes by examining the prevalence of depressive symptoms with the abridged Beck Depression Inventory II. Chi-square test found a significant association between location and depression levels, with a higher proportion of rural students reporting a higher depression level. One-way ANOVA detected significant differences within levels of secondary classes, where post hoc analysis found higher depressive levels with final year students. As schools prepare to transit from the pandemic to endemic phase, the study highlighted the specific students who need attention to tailor specific programmes to targeted groups and enhance resources efficiency. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
The Use of Learning Media among Pre-University Students in Dungun District, Terengganu, Malaysia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082045 - 14 Sep 2022
Viewed by 72
Abstract
This study investigates the level of learning media among form-six students. A quantitative approach using a questionnaire instrument was employed. The sample size includes 201 form-six students using a simple random sampling technique where the analysis involved is a mean score scale. The [...] Read more.
This study investigates the level of learning media among form-six students. A quantitative approach using a questionnaire instrument was employed. The sample size includes 201 form-six students using a simple random sampling technique where the analysis involved is a mean score scale. The findings showed that utilization levels were moderate. Pre-university students were selected due to the importance of learning media in furthering studies at the university level. A lack of learning media knowledge will result in the students being unable to compete with others at the university level. Students have less practical experience in using learning media while in class. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Mediating Effect of Goal Acquisition on the Relationship between Personal Factor and Self-Directed Learning
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 46; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082046 - 14 Sep 2022
Viewed by 99
Abstract
This study was conducted to examine the relationship between personal factors and self-directed learning, the relationship between goal acquisition and self-directed learning, and the role of goal acquisition as a mediator in the relationship between personal and self-directed learning. Empirical studies are still [...] Read more.
This study was conducted to examine the relationship between personal factors and self-directed learning, the relationship between goal acquisition and self-directed learning, and the role of goal acquisition as a mediator in the relationship between personal and self-directed learning. Empirical studies are still lacking on the role of goal acquisition as a mediator, especially between personal relationships with self-directed learning. The study was conducted on a sample of 378 students in public universities. Hypothesis testing was performed using SEM-AMOS analysis. We found that emotion, family support, and goal acquisition have a positive and significant relationship with self-directed learning, and that goal acquisition has a significant role as a mediator between personal factors and self-directed learning. The results of this study prove that goal acquisition serves as a mediator in the relationship between personal factors and self-directed learning. These findings also indicate the importance of personal elements in influencing student excellence in self-study. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Review: Challenges and Obstacles of Trusted Elements for Mobile Health Records Management
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 47; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082047 - 15 Sep 2022
Viewed by 104
Abstract
This study aims to identify the significant difficulties concerned with trusted elements of mobile health records management (MHRM) systems. For instance, data migration and lack of staff training have created huge challenges for organizations using such technologies. As such, this study presents potential [...] Read more.
This study aims to identify the significant difficulties concerned with trusted elements of mobile health records management (MHRM) systems. For instance, data migration and lack of staff training have created huge challenges for organizations using such technologies. As such, this study presents potential improvement methods for electronic medical records (EMRs) by promoting the application of the latest technologies and relevant data security techniques. Secondary sources published between 2017 and 2020 were qualitatively reviewed to collect relevant information about EMR advancement. These data allowed reviewers to identify EMRs’ reliability and challenges efficiently. In short, this paper identified four major challenges in records management systems: data migration, culture shock among staff, insufficient training, and data privacy. To counter these challenges, this review demonstrated that these difficulties can be effectively resolved through strategic inclusion and proper initiative of the latest innovative technologies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Reassessing Malaysian Poverty Measurement after COVID-19: A Multidimensional Perspective
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 48; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082048 (registering DOI) - 15 Sep 2022
Viewed by 15
Abstract
Poverty is a multifaceted phenomenon that has always existed historically. In addition to discussions of poverty issues, aspects of poverty measurement are essential topics. A prominent poverty measurement system is the unidimensional measurement based on poverty line income (PLI). Therefore, the use of [...] Read more.
Poverty is a multifaceted phenomenon that has always existed historically. In addition to discussions of poverty issues, aspects of poverty measurement are essential topics. A prominent poverty measurement system is the unidimensional measurement based on poverty line income (PLI). Therefore, the use of multidimensional poverty measurements is proposed, specifically the multidimensional poverty index (MPI), in assessing poverty, including non-monetary aspects. This study discusses the concept of unidimensional and multidimensional poverty measurement and the implementation of these concepts in Malaysia during the COVID-19 outbreak. Furthermore, it aims to contribute to the public debate on COVID-19 policy responses by quantifying the potential impact on global multidimensional poverty using the Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), which captures concurrent or overlapping deprivation at the household level. This study recommends policies by which members of the community and industry experts would be included in the poverty reduction program, in line with Maslow’s requirements. Overall, this research focuses on planning and orienting policy responses from a multidimensional perspective that integrates health, social and economic goals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Legal Reformulation of the Problematics of Doctor’s Medical Licenses in Indonesia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 49; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082049 - 13 Sep 2022
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Abstract
This paper intends to analyze the regulation of doctors’ medical licenses in Indonesia, as well as find regulation loopholes in facing factual problems regarding these medical licenses. This paper uses socio-legal and juridical–normative research, as well as a case approach that scopes doctor [...] Read more.
This paper intends to analyze the regulation of doctors’ medical licenses in Indonesia, as well as find regulation loopholes in facing factual problems regarding these medical licenses. This paper uses socio-legal and juridical–normative research, as well as a case approach that scopes doctor medical license regulations and their problematics, especially in Indonesia. The findings of this research show that doctor profession ethics are the main key to receiving a medical license, and that collaboration is also needed to reformulate the regulation of medical licenses in Indonesia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Analysis of Speech Acts in COVID-19-Related Facebook Comments
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082050 - 15 Sep 2022
Viewed by 82
Abstract
As one of the most popular social networking sites, people use Facebook to get the latest information related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Driven by this trend and the motivation to address the gap in studies on speech acts on Facebook, we sought to [...] Read more.
As one of the most popular social networking sites, people use Facebook to get the latest information related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Driven by this trend and the motivation to address the gap in studies on speech acts on Facebook, we sought to examine Facebook users’ comments about COVID-19 by identifying the speech acts used to communicate users’ thoughts in their comments. These were direct comments posted in response to COVID-19-related posts uploaded by the Malaysian National Security Council on their official Facebook account. Our analysis revealed that five speech acts were used to communicate specific purposes intended for two groups of recipients: the government and citizens. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Student Satisfaction on Teaching Strategies and Multimedia Usage in Online Arabic Language Course
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 51; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082051 - 15 Sep 2022
Viewed by 95
Abstract
The objective of this study is to examine student satisfaction based on online teaching strategies as well as multimedia usage in an Arabic language course. Based on a convenient sampling technique, the survey was distributed online to 213 students of UiTM Malacca branch [...] Read more.
The objective of this study is to examine student satisfaction based on online teaching strategies as well as multimedia usage in an Arabic language course. Based on a convenient sampling technique, the survey was distributed online to 213 students of UiTM Malacca branch in order to identify the factors contributing to student satisfaction. This descriptive and analytical study used quantitative methods using SPSS and a PLS-SEM procedure to analyze the relationship between variables. The results indicate a significant and positive relationship between student satisfaction and multimedia usage during Arabic language ODL sessions. Interestingly, the data analysis reported a significant relationship between teaching strategies and student satisfaction. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Impact of the Malaysia ICT Volunteers (MIV) Programme: The Volunteers’ Perspective
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 52; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082052 - 15 Sep 2022
Viewed by 123
Abstract
The Malaysia ICT Volunteers (MIV) is an ICT volunteer programme that aims to empower Malaysians towards becoming digital citizens of the Digital Smart Nation. As its effectiveness in attaining this goal has never been measured using rigorous scientific methods; the present study aimed [...] Read more.
The Malaysia ICT Volunteers (MIV) is an ICT volunteer programme that aims to empower Malaysians towards becoming digital citizens of the Digital Smart Nation. As its effectiveness in attaining this goal has never been measured using rigorous scientific methods; the present study aimed to fill this gap. The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of the MIV programme in terms of its impact on the MIV volunteers’ behaviour. This study is guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB), and a set of questionnaires was developed for the online survey. During the data collection period from August to October 2021, 329 valid cases from the MIV volunteers were gathered. Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) was used to analyse the date. Statistical results confirmed that Attitude towards MIV and Perceived Behavioural Control exert a significant influence on Intention to Volunteer, which in turn significantly influences the ICT Volunteering Behaviour of MIV volunteers. On the other hand, Subjective Norms do not play a significant role in the participants’ attitudes toward the MIV programme. Another important finding that emerged from this study is that the MIV programme is effective in promoting ICT Volunteering Behaviour by exerting a positive influence on the participants’ willingness and attitude by increasing their confidence in the MIV programme advantages. However, its benefits can be further enhanced by strengthening partnerships with schools, higher education institutions, private/government agencies, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), as well as through more active social media utilisation for the promotion of ICT knowledge sharing and engagement. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
A Study on Difficulties Encountered and Perception by English as Second Language (ESL) Learners in Malaysian University Examination Test (MUET)
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 53; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082053 - 15 Sep 2022
Viewed by 106
Abstract
Malaysian University Examination Test (MUET) is one of the English proficiency tests required for students who want to pursue a degree at Malaysian public universities. This test consists of four skill tests, namely listening, reading, speaking, and writing. However, over the past several [...] Read more.
Malaysian University Examination Test (MUET) is one of the English proficiency tests required for students who want to pursue a degree at Malaysian public universities. This test consists of four skill tests, namely listening, reading, speaking, and writing. However, over the past several years, many students who sit for the exam achieved an incredibly low band, and the reasons are not clear. This study aims to investigate the perceptions and difficulties encountered by learners in English as a Second Language (ESL) students in the Malaysian University Examination Test (MUET). Three Malaysian Polytechnic degree-level students who had to re-sit for MUET to complete their degree programme were chosen as the informants. The study applied the qualitative research design, and data were gathered using semi-structured interviews. It was discovered that the students faced the challenges such as preparation, lack of knowledge in vocabulary, grammar, and time constraints in answering the question in MUET. The paper concludes by suggesting that the students are taking steps to overcome MUET-related challenges. Future research is required to investigate the type of teaching methodology that can assist these students prior to MUET. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Graduates’ Competencies and Employability: A Conceptual Framework
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 54; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082054 - 15 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Higher education is one of the institutions that have been widely recognized as major contributors to sustainable economic growth. In the global world today, changes occur frequently from time to time, and it has become more difficult to keep up with current trends. [...] Read more.
Higher education is one of the institutions that have been widely recognized as major contributors to sustainable economic growth. In the global world today, changes occur frequently from time to time, and it has become more difficult to keep up with current trends. Through the process of educational studies from higher educational universities, people’s knowledge is increasing, and they have to make the right decision in choosing the careers that are most suitable for them. Employability skills play an important role in order to ensure that they will be acceptable in the job market. Employability skills can be defined as those basic skills required for getting, keeping, and doing well on a job or task in which they responsible for. Generally, employability skills are needed by students to prepare themselves to meet the needs of job market requirements after their graduation. It is essential for any program of study at higher educational institutions to evaluate its curriculum regularly to ensure that its content remains relevant, is of high quality, and responds to the demand of the job market. Therefore, the purpose of this study is twofold: first, to determine the relationship between graduates’ competencies and their employment and second, to propose a conceptual framework underlying the interrelationship between graduates’ competencies and their employment. A structured literature review methodology was adopted, and a conceptual model was developed for further exploration of the topic Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Arca Keris in Alor Gajah Town, Melaka: A SWOT Analysis of Design and Appeal Factor
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 55; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082055 - 16 Sep 2022
Viewed by 100
Abstract
In 2020, the Alor Gajah Municipal Council (AGMC) embarked on a project to upgrade the town’s public courtyard. One of its tasks was restoring and relocating a giant traditional Malay dagger replica known as the Arca Keris from the courtyard to an adjacent [...] Read more.
In 2020, the Alor Gajah Municipal Council (AGMC) embarked on a project to upgrade the town’s public courtyard. One of its tasks was restoring and relocating a giant traditional Malay dagger replica known as the Arca Keris from the courtyard to an adjacent roundabout. Despite this initiative, most people are unaware of how such a change could improve the town’s image and one’s quality of life. In this sense, two questions arise: (1) what are the design specifications of the Arca Keris? and (2) how does the presence of the Arca Keris improve the town’s image? In order to address this issue, the design and appeal factors of the Arca Keris were examined. A triangulation strategy was used, consisting of interviews and observation; this was followed by a SWOT analysis. The outcome demonstrates that the Arca Keris has both strengths and opportunities in terms of visibility and symbolization. However, it may have flaws, such as accessibility and anonymity. As a result, the general public was unable to appreciate the significance of the Arca Keris or comprehend the rationale for its relocation. This research should help us better understand how public art affects a town’s image across the country. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Conceptual Framework: Factors Affecting Learner Performance and Cognitive Load in Educational Multimedia Learning
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 56; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082056 - 16 Sep 2022
Viewed by 108
Abstract
The spread of COVID-19 has compelled educational institutions to make the transition to online communication. It has limited teaching and learning to utilize a fully online learning mode. However, the problem with online learning is that it is entirely dependent on technological devices [...] Read more.
The spread of COVID-19 has compelled educational institutions to make the transition to online communication. It has limited teaching and learning to utilize a fully online learning mode. However, the problem with online learning is that it is entirely dependent on technological devices and the internet: teachers and students with poor internet connections face the problem of access to online learning. These challenges will affect the effectiveness of educational multimedia in the learning process and how students will be able to grasp the educational lesson to remain focused throughout the lesson. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the factors affecting cognitive load and learner performance and proposes a conceptual framework of factors affected in educational multimedia learning underlying the interrelationship between cognitive load and learner performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Intelligence-Led Policing Acceptance and Policing Effectiveness: The Roles of Organizational Change, Innovative Behavior and Knowledge Sharing
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 57; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082057 - 16 Sep 2022
Viewed by 78
Abstract
The study was conducted to examine the linkage between ILP acceptance and policing effectiveness, and to examine the relationships between organizational change, innovative behavior and knowledge sharing practices. Using the quantitative approach, data was collected through a survey from 400 police officers in [...] Read more.
The study was conducted to examine the linkage between ILP acceptance and policing effectiveness, and to examine the relationships between organizational change, innovative behavior and knowledge sharing practices. Using the quantitative approach, data was collected through a survey from 400 police officers in Abu Dhabi Police (ADP). The data was analyzed for the measurement and structural model, using Smart PLS software. The results of the hypothesis testing suggest the relationship between ILP acceptance and policing effectiveness is significant, and readiness of change is significantly related to ILP acceptance. Furthermore, innovative behavior, knowledge sharing, climate of change and process of change are related to readiness of change. The study concludes ILP enforcement is fundamental for public safety, but the implementation model should consider the factors of organizational change. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Success Factors for Using E-Court in Indonesian Courts
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 58; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082058 - 16 Sep 2022
Viewed by 93
Abstract
The goal of this research was to investigate whether or not electronic court petitions are beneficial in Indonesia. The proposed research model for analyzing the success criteria for using the case management system was tested in the courts of Greater Jakarta. The model’s [...] Read more.
The goal of this research was to investigate whether or not electronic court petitions are beneficial in Indonesia. The proposed research model for analyzing the success criteria for using the case management system was tested in the courts of Greater Jakarta. The model’s explanatory relevance was revealed by using structural equation modeling to examine survey data from 30 attorneys who utilize the system. Furthermore, the significant contribution of system and information quality characteristics is demonstrated. The investigation’s findings have far-reaching implications for both theory and practice. System quality, information quality, and system utilization all have a positive influence on user performance. However, the influence of information quality on usage was not statistically significant. This study adds to the body of research on court management by seeking to implement the success model in Indonesian courts. Furthermore, the study focuses on which parts of the court administration procedure have the most explanatory power. It is recommended that additional research be conducted on the role that technology plays in determining judicial system performance, with a special emphasis on determining the relations between ICT and judicial system performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Improving IT Self-Efficacy, Experience and Training, and Technological Anxiety’s Impact on Remote Work Quality
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 59; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082059 - 16 Sep 2022
Viewed by 85
Abstract
The COVID-19 pandemic that happened in 2020 has forced people worldwide to practice remote work with little or no prior experience, working for companies and organizations that are most likely unprepared for this change. The quality of remote work then becomes an ultimate [...] Read more.
The COVID-19 pandemic that happened in 2020 has forced people worldwide to practice remote work with little or no prior experience, working for companies and organizations that are most likely unprepared for this change. The quality of remote work then becomes an ultimate question, whether people can adapt or not, and what determinants are influencing it. Earlier, a remote work self-efficacy model was developed to accommodate such situations. However, the development was meant to assess virtual companies that have reliable ICT and enough training for the employees. The research tries to dig deeper into its antecedents’ components amid unpreparedness. There were 46 respondents in the Jakarta, Central Java, and Yogyakarta provinces participating in the study conducted in May 2021, when increasing virus transmission reinforced companies to close their premises. The study illustrates how two-way conversations that generate social persuasion, physiological and emotional states, and self-efficacy affect remote job quality, which differs from previous research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Tips of the Iceberg: Domestic Violence during COVID-19, Movement Control Order (MCO) in Malaysia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 60; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082060 - 16 Sep 2022
Viewed by 91
Abstract
Domestic violence can be defined as physical or emotional abuse of family members for many reasons, such as finances, drug abuse, jealousy, or other reasons that can result in injury or even the death of the victim. This paper explores several “tips of [...] Read more.
Domestic violence can be defined as physical or emotional abuse of family members for many reasons, such as finances, drug abuse, jealousy, or other reasons that can result in injury or even the death of the victim. This paper explores several “tips of the iceberg” situations, which reflect cases of domestic violence during the COVID-19 Movement Control Order (MCO). This study was conducted primarily through a doctrinal study in elucidating relevant documents that comprised statutory laws and articles in legal journals. This paper also addresses the sufficiency of legal rules and regulations for protecting domestic violence victims. Lastly, the result of this study identified future initiatives to assist domestic violence victims. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Digital Skills Framework in Higher Education
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 61; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082061 - 19 Sep 2022
Viewed by 111
Abstract
Digital skills should be incorporated in the curriculum as the skills are essential attributes graduates should acquire before joining the workforce. Understanding the digital skills framework and abilities among learners may help educators create suitable learning outcomes, activities, and assessments to enable the [...] Read more.
Digital skills should be incorporated in the curriculum as the skills are essential attributes graduates should acquire before joining the workforce. Understanding the digital skills framework and abilities among learners may help educators create suitable learning outcomes, activities, and assessments to enable the learners to acquire these skills. This study shares expert judgements on a digital skills instrument (DSI) on content validation framework according to sufficiency, clarity, coherence, and relevance. A pre-test involving 218 students from various disciplines was conducted and Cronbach’s Alpha was used to measure the validity and reliability of the DSI. The overall result indicated a strong reliability. Clarity was the characteristic garnering the highest value, followed by coherence, relevance, and sufficiency. The DSI was revised and 28 items encompassing five components were proposed following the feedback of: information literacy, computer and technology literacy, digital communication/collaboration skill, digital identity and well-being, and digital ethic. Based on the pre-test, all the components indicated high reliability, ranging from 0.847 to 0.958, and all of the items were retained to measure digital skills. Overall, the experts’ evaluations and pre-tests suggested that the DSI and its five components as the digital skills framework can be used for measuring digital skills. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Preliminary Exploration of Multimedia Effects in Sculpture Creation Inspired by Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 62; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082062 - 19 Sep 2022
Viewed by 106
Abstract
Due to the limits of conventional sculpting, some artists may be unable to express themselves creatively. The research question is therefore posed: What are the factors that influence the use of multimedia effects in sculpture creation and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? The research [...] Read more.
Due to the limits of conventional sculpting, some artists may be unable to express themselves creatively. The research question is therefore posed: What are the factors that influence the use of multimedia effects in sculpture creation and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs? The research objective of was to identify the factors that influence the use of multimedia effects in sculpture creation and Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and to develop new creative methods for sculptors. The study used the purposive sampling method to invite six traditional sculpture artists and six multimedia sculpture artists to participate in interviews in an online format. Six factors were obtained from the analysis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
A Study on Needs Analysis in English Teaching and Learning Skills for Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Polytechnic Engineering Students Pursuing Degree
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082063 - 19 Sep 2022
Viewed by 92
Abstract
It is known that one of the most vital indicators in scaffolding teaching and learning is carrying out a needs analysis which is considered part of continuous improvement of the curriculum design. In order for the students to gain knowledge and to achieve [...] Read more.
It is known that one of the most vital indicators in scaffolding teaching and learning is carrying out a needs analysis which is considered part of continuous improvement of the curriculum design. In order for the students to gain knowledge and to achieve success in their future goals, the needs are met through a needs analysis. The aim of this study is to investigate appropriate categories of skills in English language learning required for degree-level students in engineering. A total of 53 students from Electrical and Civil Engineering departments from Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Polytechnic were involved in this research. A survey questionnaire was used in this investigation. Descriptive statistics were used for the analysis, and it was discovered that the prospective engineering students perceived learning English as highly important. The results also revealed that the highest skills in needs and order were writing, speaking, listening and reading. The students encountered challenges and difficulties pertaining to grammar, pronunciation, idioms, and vocabulary even though the students’ ability level is Intermediate Upper in English. The needs analysis suggests directions for future research on improving the related skills. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
A Financial Literacy Model of Malaysian B40 Households: The Case of Financial Well-Being, Education Level and Socioeconomic Status
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082064 - 20 Sep 2022
Viewed by 83
Abstract
Financial literacy contributes to the economic well-being of every country. Specifically, the level of low-income households’ financial literacy is crucial in the process of developing and building economic potential. Moreover, the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of families are essential to the financial sustainability [...] Read more.
Financial literacy contributes to the economic well-being of every country. Specifically, the level of low-income households’ financial literacy is crucial in the process of developing and building economic potential. Moreover, the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of families are essential to the financial sustainability and money wisdom of low-income households. Thus, financial literacy and financial well-being are vital for low-income households to survive in highly competitive marketplaces and sustain their socioeconomic status. This conceptual paper relies on prior research and existing theory to focus on the impacts of financial literacy on socioeconomic status among low-income households. The paper proposes a model for future testing in which the results can provide support for enhancing and sustaining the socioeconomic status of low-income households. This proposed holistic model provides new insights, structure, and suggestions for more research on factors that lead to improving money wisdom and the socioeconomic sustainability of low-income households. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Relationship between Library Technology, Support, Environment, and Postgraduate Students’ Utilization of Web-Based Library and Information Services in Malaysian Academic Libraries
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 65; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082065 - 20 Sep 2022
Viewed by 57
Abstract
This research examines the utilization of Web-Based Library and Information Services (WBLIS) in academic libraries. Digital technology promotes the use of WBLIS, including during the COVID-19 pandemic. Few Malaysian studies have investigated utilization and its factors. Three factors of WBLIS utilization were identified: [...] Read more.
This research examines the utilization of Web-Based Library and Information Services (WBLIS) in academic libraries. Digital technology promotes the use of WBLIS, including during the COVID-19 pandemic. Few Malaysian studies have investigated utilization and its factors. Three factors of WBLIS utilization were identified: library technology, support, and the environment. WBLIS’s output and outcome were emphasized. A conceptual model was developed and tested using non-probability sampling. A 38-item, five-point Likert Scale online survey was distributed to postgraduates from 20 public universities. Raosoft sampled 383 research, comprehensive, and focused universities using stratified sampling. SMARTPLS version 3 was used to test hypotheses on 527 respondents. Harmon’s Single Factor test eliminated single-source bias. All measurement and model criteria were met. All hypotheses on the relationships between library technology, support, and environment on WBLIS utilization were supported. The findings will contribute to academic librarianship and related fields. Malaysian universities and the Ministry of Higher Education will benefit from improving academic libraries’ impact on learning, research, and universities’ institutional value. Future research may include private university, polytechnic, and community college students and academicians. Comparative studies and qualitative research can be conducted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Successful Elements on Knowledge Sharing Constructed Social Media among Academic Staff
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082066 - 20 Sep 2022
Viewed by 56
Abstract
This paper aims to explore influencing organizational elements that inspire social media based on knowledge sharing among academic staff in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). Nowadays, alongside the emergence of Information Communication and Technology (ICT), knowledge sharing could be considered essential in educational [...] Read more.
This paper aims to explore influencing organizational elements that inspire social media based on knowledge sharing among academic staff in Malaysian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). Nowadays, alongside the emergence of Information Communication and Technology (ICT), knowledge sharing could be considered essential in educational institutions, regarding their effectiveness and longer-term survival. Nonetheless, to certify the success of knowledge sharing within Higher Education Institutes (HEIs), there is a need to understand the role of knowledge-sharing activities in the life of these communities. Social media have emerged as essential forums for locating, connecting, collaborating, and sharing ideas among individuals. However, only limited research has addressed the role of social media in facilitating knowledge sharing between academic staff. This research adopted a qualitative approach to understanding the subject matter in depth. Data were gathered from thirty-two academic staff members from two public and two private universities. The findings resulted in the identification of seven key themes, namely: organizational structure, technology infrastructure, organizational strategy, organizational culture, management support, people and skills, which all need to be considered as influential elements for social media. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Pilot Study on Cyberbullying among Visually Impaired Youths
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082067 - 20 Sep 2022
Viewed by 74
Abstract
Social networking has dominated the modern technological era, with youths being the main users. However, technological advancement has instilled a form of online violence called cyberbullying. Visually impaired Malaysian youths are no exception to cyberbullying incidents; however, this aspect has been understudied in [...] Read more.
Social networking has dominated the modern technological era, with youths being the main users. However, technological advancement has instilled a form of online violence called cyberbullying. Visually impaired Malaysian youths are no exception to cyberbullying incidents; however, this aspect has been understudied in Malaysia. This study examined the associated factors of cyberbullying among visually impaired Malaysian youths. A total of 30 participants were included in the Braille/pen-and-paper and voice-over online survey. We found that only aggressive behavior was positively associated with cyberbullying (ß = 0.544, p = 0.002). The distinctiveness of the study can help to draw public attention to the issue of cyberbullying. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Validity and Reliability Testing of Geographical Information System (GIS) Quality and User Satisfaction towards Individual Work Performance
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 68; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082068 - 20 Sep 2022
Viewed by 58
Abstract
This article aims to validate the instrument’s reliability and validity in measuring the influence of geographical information system (GIS) quality and user satisfaction on its impact on individual work performance. Based on an extensive literature review and input from experts, 68 items were [...] Read more.
This article aims to validate the instrument’s reliability and validity in measuring the influence of geographical information system (GIS) quality and user satisfaction on its impact on individual work performance. Based on an extensive literature review and input from experts, 68 items were constructed focusing on GIS quality, user satisfaction, and individual work performance to ascertain the opinions of GIS users were established to be the findings of the study. The instrument was composed and then reviewed by panelists from subject matter experts. Later, a pilot study was conducted and participated by 30 respondents. Concerning the analysis of the data, statistical analysis was performed, the analysis output then demonstrated that the instrument was dependable and that no abnormalities had occurred in the data. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Web-Based Parametric Effort Estimation for Mobile Application Development
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 69; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082069 - 20 Sep 2022
Viewed by 60
Abstract
Estimation methods are continuously being adapted to obtain better and clearer estimations needed to achieve development goals. Some estimation methods were invented before the modern mobile application technology that is currently available. Thus, these methods are unable to cater to the requirements for [...] Read more.
Estimation methods are continuously being adapted to obtain better and clearer estimations needed to achieve development goals. Some estimation methods were invented before the modern mobile application technology that is currently available. Thus, these methods are unable to cater to the requirements for estimating modern mobile application features. The objective of this paper is to propose a web-based system as a method to estimate the effort and cost of developing a mobile application. The key idea behind this study is to identify cost drivers that can be applied in mobile application development through literature review. From the analysis, 19 cost drivers are found to fit the vision of this study. In addition, this study also seeks to investigate the price range of cost drivers acquired from existing similar systems. The total price range is accumulated, and the mean value of each cost driver is obtained, which is then inserted further into the new estimation metric. The proposed system is then evaluated by comparing the obtained results with six similar systems according to basic user needs requirements in an application. The results demonstrate that the proposed system is a more enhanced cost estimation software that contains more cost driver options, which users can utilize to estimate mobile application development costs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Gender and Faculty Relationship: Oral Presentation Apprehension Factors during Online Distance Learning
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 70; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082070 - 20 Sep 2022
Viewed by 51
Abstract
Speaking is rated as the most fearful task among language learners. Since oral presentation is one of the most vital tasks for second language learners, most learners experience oral presentation apprehension during their learning life, regardless of whether this is encountered face-to-face or [...] Read more.
Speaking is rated as the most fearful task among language learners. Since oral presentation is one of the most vital tasks for second language learners, most learners experience oral presentation apprehension during their learning life, regardless of whether this is encountered face-to-face or through online distance learning (ODL). The study aims to investigate whether there are any significant relationships concerning the state and traits of apprehension regarding oral presentations across genders and faculty. The purposive sampling method was utilized for this study, which consisted of 92 undergraduates taking an oral presentation skills course. The data collected were analyzed using correlation analysis (IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, IBM Corp. Version 24.0. Armonk, NY, USA). The analysis revealed that gender shows a significant relationship with the state of apprehension; meanwhile, faculty has no relationship with apprehension. For future research, this study provides insights for educators and learners on how to deliver an engaging oral presentation successfully. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Impact of Human Capital Index on Economic Growth in Malaysia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 71; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082071 - 21 Sep 2022
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Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the human capital index (HCI) on economic growth (EG). Despite a consistent pattern between human capital capabilities and economic growth, there was no significant correlation between HCI and EG, while employment was [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of the human capital index (HCI) on economic growth (EG). Despite a consistent pattern between human capital capabilities and economic growth, there was no significant correlation between HCI and EG, while employment was positively correlated. HCI improves both labor force education and the health care commitment of a nation, two important factors affecting employment. Accordingly, the country’s human capital development plan should improve the health and education of its citizens, including monitoring their health closely and providing quality education to students. In this study, we explore the relationship between human capital index accumulation (health and education) and economic growth in Malaysia by using a Dickey–Fuller test with an Augmented protocol from 1979 and Philperrons tests from 1988, which have been conducted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Web Accessibility Testing for Visually Impaired People in Indonesia
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 72; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082072 - 21 Sep 2022
Viewed by 76
Abstract
An equal society requires respect for differences and attention to minority groups. Web inclusivity for disabled people is closely related to how they can understand, use and utilize websites like non-disabled people. The objective of this research was to analyze whether web accessibility [...] Read more.
An equal society requires respect for differences and attention to minority groups. Web inclusivity for disabled people is closely related to how they can understand, use and utilize websites like non-disabled people. The objective of this research was to analyze whether web accessibility has been implemented in Indonesia based on the availability and functionality of the requirements for visually impaired people. Tests were performed manually and automatically on 30 samples. Automated tests were performed by validating the HTML DOM elements of the web page. The results showed that 222 out of 240 tests failed because specified requirements were not found. Based on this research, web accessibility in Indonesia is deficient. Websites should provide accessibility features to assist visually impaired people access information and services. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Performance in Virtual Teams: Towards an Integrative Model
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 73; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082073 - 21 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Virtual teams (VTs) are groups of people who work interdependently with shared purpose across space, time, and organization boundaries, using technology to communicate and collaborate. This literature review examined the status of the published research on VTs functioning to identify the main factors [...] Read more.
Virtual teams (VTs) are groups of people who work interdependently with shared purpose across space, time, and organization boundaries, using technology to communicate and collaborate. This literature review examined the status of the published research on VTs functioning to identify the main factors impacting their performance. Our main findings are the conceptualization of a multi-level model integrating factors classified into six categories: (1) individual factors; (2) group dynamics or team members’ interactions; (3) context factors; (4) technology-mediated communication (TMC); (5) trust; and (6) leadership. The framework elaborated from this literature review needs to be tested in different environments. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Domestic Travelers’ Perceptions and Intention to Purchase Travel Insurance
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082074 - 22 Sep 2022
Viewed by 79
Abstract
Unfortunate events happening recently in increasing numbers, not least the outbreak of COVID-19, have caused drastic changes in tourist behaviours. Several studies have found that tourists’ consumption patterns for travel products and services are changing due to threats of health hazards and travel [...] Read more.
Unfortunate events happening recently in increasing numbers, not least the outbreak of COVID-19, have caused drastic changes in tourist behaviours. Several studies have found that tourists’ consumption patterns for travel products and services are changing due to threats of health hazards and travel risks at tourism destinations. Considering the increasing numbers of potential risks that might occur during traveling, it is crucial for travelers to have travel insurance that functions as a protection mechanism. This study investigates and determine travelers’ awareness and perceptions of and their intentions towards travel insurance purchase in Malaysia. A non-probability sampling method and purposive sampling technique were applied in this study, with a total of 384 Malaysian domestic travelers over 18 years old used as respondents. Data were analysed using descriptive analysis and reliability testing for the pilot study. The study revealed that most of the respondents had positive perceptions regarding the variables and intended to purchase travel insurance for their future holidays. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Antecedents of Household Acceptance on Food Waste Innovation Products in Terengganu
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 75; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082075 - 22 Sep 2022
Viewed by 42
Abstract
Food surpluses or waste materials may be transformed into new commercial products that aim toward food conservation. It is desirable to investigate the household level of knowledge and attitude towards acceptance of food waste innovations products. A total of 213 returned surveys are [...] Read more.
Food surpluses or waste materials may be transformed into new commercial products that aim toward food conservation. It is desirable to investigate the household level of knowledge and attitude towards acceptance of food waste innovations products. A total of 213 returned surveys are analyzed with the descriptive statistical and one-way ANOVA. It shows that knowledge and attitude are the antecedents of the acceptance on food waste innovation products. The findings might help minimize the amount of food waste produced on a daily basis by encouraging consumers and businesses to turn food surpluses or waste into useful items and a source of revenue. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Evaluation of Reinventing Government Policy on Financial Management Performance of Education Public Service Agencies on Ministry of Transportation
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 76; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082076 - 22 Sep 2022
Viewed by 78
Abstract
The objectives of this research are (1) to analyze and assess the level of interest or expectations of the government, the management of the Public Service Agency (PSA), and stakeholders on the implementation of bureaucratic entrepreneurship, and (2) to analyze and assess the [...] Read more.
The objectives of this research are (1) to analyze and assess the level of interest or expectations of the government, the management of the Public Service Agency (PSA), and stakeholders on the implementation of bureaucratic entrepreneurship, and (2) to analyze and assess the perception of the government, the management of the Public Service Agency, and stakeholders on current problems. This research uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative descriptive research approaches, where the data are sourced from primary data and secondary data through focus group discussions and processed with the NVivo program. The object of this research is 23 work units within the patterns of the financial management section of the PSA at the Ministry of Transportation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Reality of Happiness According to Scholars’ Viewpoints: A Systematic Literature Review (SLR) Analysis
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 77; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082077 - 23 Sep 2022
Viewed by 39
Abstract
Happiness is one of the main topics that dominates the discourse of ethical philosophy. The concept of happiness began to be discussed from the emergence of philosophy in classical Greece to the present day in both Western and Islamic perspectives. This study aims [...] Read more.
Happiness is one of the main topics that dominates the discourse of ethical philosophy. The concept of happiness began to be discussed from the emergence of philosophy in classical Greece to the present day in both Western and Islamic perspectives. This study aims to analyze the views of scholars in debating the topic of happiness. This study is a descriptive study using a qualitative systematic literature review method. The main source of data collection for this study is by highlighting previous works obtained from Scopus and Web of Science (WoS) online databases and it is also supported by data obtained from Google Scholar. The analysis was done based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). The results of the SLR analysis identified fifteen (15) articles featuring discussions on the topic of happiness among scholars, among them Plato, Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Maimonides, and Jeremy Bentham representing the West and Ibn Sina, al-Ghazali, al-Farabi, Ibn Miskawayh, HAMKA, al-Attas, and Said Nursi representing Islamic scholars. The findings also highlighted three main elements discussing the topic of happiness, namely the spiritual, intellectual, and material elements. These three elements are not discussed in a balanced way in Western civilization causing confusion in uniting various views, but in Islam, although scholars’ opinions differ, they are however united in the principle of revelation that balances the three elements to explain the topic of true happiness. This study is important from the point of view of understanding the topic of happiness traced from the history of thought of scholars. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Repositioning of Planning and Budgeting Functions with Respect to the Chief Financial Officer
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 78; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082078 - 23 Sep 2022
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Abstract
In state budget preparations in Indonesia, the Ministry of Finance has authority over state budgeting functions, and the National Development Planning Agency has authority over planning functions. Prior to 2003, the planning function was dominant. After 2003, the budgeting function was more dominant. [...] Read more.
In state budget preparations in Indonesia, the Ministry of Finance has authority over state budgeting functions, and the National Development Planning Agency has authority over planning functions. Prior to 2003, the planning function was dominant. After 2003, the budgeting function was more dominant. After 2017, planning and budgeting functions were synchronized in almost all annual-budget preparation processes. Based on a focus-group discussion, it was shown that by completing the synchronization process through the Memorandum of Understanding, the relationship between planning and budgeting functions remains separated in two different entities. However, the results of the NVivo analysis show that despite the adjustment of interests, institutional pride and institutional competition still exist. To solve this problem, it is necessary to synchronize legal products not only at the level of government regulations but also at the level of laws. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Exploring an Alternative Material of Holy Book Stand Holder through Malaysian Muslim Perspectives on the Design of Rehal
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 79; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082079 - 23 Sep 2022
Viewed by 73
Abstract
The existing holy book stand holder (rehal) made from wood or plastic is a product commonly used by Muslims. Its purpose is to hold and preserve the sanctity of the holy book during recitation. For this study, the researcher formed an understanding of [...] Read more.
The existing holy book stand holder (rehal) made from wood or plastic is a product commonly used by Muslims. Its purpose is to hold and preserve the sanctity of the holy book during recitation. For this study, the researcher formed an understanding of the meaning and cultural value of the rehal from a Malaysian Muslim’s perspective. The materials used to make rehals, their optimum height, as well as acceptable colours, designs, and ornamentations were all analysed. The data collected serves as a guideline by integrating craftsmanship, eco-friendly materials, and relevant design ornaments to create new ceramic rehals that can provide a comfortable user experience. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Rhetorical Organisation of Risk Management Reports by Malaysian Banks
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082080 - 23 Sep 2022
Viewed by 52
Abstract
Risk management reports (henceforth, RMRs) are paramount to an organisation’s business processes and are used to inform stakeholders on the current risks experienced by a company. Some reports by companies, such as banks, are receiving more attention due to their importance to the [...] Read more.
Risk management reports (henceforth, RMRs) are paramount to an organisation’s business processes and are used to inform stakeholders on the current risks experienced by a company. Some reports by companies, such as banks, are receiving more attention due to their importance to the public and current economy. While a plethora of studies have been conducted on RMRs in other disciplines, such as business, accountancy and finance, the same scenario is not apparent in language studies. Therefore, the present study intends to linguistically analyse the RMRs published by Malaysian commercial banks by examining their rhetorical organisation. In doing so, 40 RMRs published between 2016 and 2020 were analysed for their rhetorical moves and steps. The findings recognised five rhetorical moves in the RMRs, of which one was optional, one was conventional, while the rest were obligatory. The present study could assist readers of RMRs to better understand the structure of the reports. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Validating the Instrument Measuring the Influence of Information Authenticity and Travel Selfies on Malaysian Online Destination Images
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 81; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082081 - 26 Sep 2022
Viewed by 56
Abstract
This paper aims to determine an instrument’s validity in measuring the context of information authenticity that may influence online destination images through the eyes of selfie tourists. Selfie tourists have been reached via the snowball sampling technique through surveymonkey.com and the data were [...] Read more.
This paper aims to determine an instrument’s validity in measuring the context of information authenticity that may influence online destination images through the eyes of selfie tourists. Selfie tourists have been reached via the snowball sampling technique through surveymonkey.com and the data were analysed using SmartPLS software version 3.3. The outcome favours the confirmatory factor analysis, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and the instrument’s internal consistency analysis. This research is anticipated to cultivate literature on information authenticity, travel selfies, online destination images, and computer-mediated communication by providing a validated tool for future empirical research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Information Authenticity and Tourism Destination Image Formation through Computer-Mediated Communication: A Proposed Framework
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 82; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082082 - 26 Sep 2022
Viewed by 54
Abstract
As part of the organic image, the proper use of travel selfies could elevate the tourism industry to the next level of improved products and services that align with tourists’ needs. However, due to the rise of fake reviewers and tourists who write [...] Read more.
As part of the organic image, the proper use of travel selfies could elevate the tourism industry to the next level of improved products and services that align with tourists’ needs. However, due to the rise of fake reviewers and tourists who write reviews for personal incentives, the authenticity behind every post and how it could shape the destination image in the eye of prospective tourists remains sparse within the academic literature. Therefore, this study attempts to propose a comprehensive framework highlighting the role of information authenticity towards tourism destination image formation within online computer-mediated communication by incorporating travel selfies as a medium for information sharing. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Mediator Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure on the Relationship between Corporate Governance and Bank Performance
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 83; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082083 - 26 Sep 2022
Viewed by 77
Abstract
The performance of banks is one of the critical indicators for investors and a testament to the success of the economic cycle. Bank performance is the mediator between society and the state through loans to institutions and individuals. Thus, when corporate governance is [...] Read more.
The performance of banks is one of the critical indicators for investors and a testament to the success of the economic cycle. Bank performance is the mediator between society and the state through loans to institutions and individuals. Thus, when corporate governance is activated and corporate social responsibility disclosure is disclosed in a banking environment, these are proven factors that lead to better performance. This study used the Baron and Kenny approach to test the mediator effect. The result of this study confirmed that corporate social responsibility disclosure acts as a mediator between corporate governance and bank performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Telecommuting and Employee Productivity: Mediating Role of Work-Family Conflict and Autonomy
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 84; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082084 - 23 Sep 2022
Viewed by 47
Abstract
A flexible work arrangement known as telecommuting enables employees to work remotely from their homes or other locations. Telecommuting work arrangements demonstrate that work is no longer a place but rather what you do, and this new working model is expected to persist [...] Read more.
A flexible work arrangement known as telecommuting enables employees to work remotely from their homes or other locations. Telecommuting work arrangements demonstrate that work is no longer a place but rather what you do, and this new working model is expected to persist and become more popular. Even with inevitable quibbles, their similarities outweigh their differences and provide more benefits to both firms and employees. Despite its significance, the implementation of telecommuting has caused some firms to question how effective their employees are at work. Here, the researchers use two mediating variables to identify the association and interactions of autonomy and work-family conflict with employee productivity. This study used a quantitative research design, convenience sampling technique, and sample size of 155, and data were analyzed with Smart PLS. The key inside this paper is indicated that autonomy mediates and has a crucial influence on employee productivity. The telecommuters were to have more control over their schedules, making it easier to balance work and personal obligations and possibly reducing stress and improving work-life balance, which contributes to better performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Industrial Revolution (IR) 4.0: Opportunities and Challenges in Online Business
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 85; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082085 - 26 Sep 2022
Viewed by 59
Abstract
This article aims to foster an understanding of Industrial Revolution (IR) 4.0 and the opportunities and challenges it creates for online business. This study employed a qualitative approach using library research. Google Scholar and ResearchGate were used to collect and search past studies. [...] Read more.
This article aims to foster an understanding of Industrial Revolution (IR) 4.0 and the opportunities and challenges it creates for online business. This study employed a qualitative approach using library research. Google Scholar and ResearchGate were used to collect and search past studies. The article selection process focused on relevant recent research and used keywords such as Online Business, Industrial Revolution (IR) 4.0, and Opportunities and Challenges in Online Business. Approximately 80 articles were found in the Emerald Insight database. The ProQuest database contained 20 articles, 100 articles were found in the Google Scholar database, and 10 articles were found in the ResearchGate database. Following the screening, 24 publications were chosen for further discussion. It was discovered that few studies had been conducted on this subject. The results revealed that internet-based companies will be assisted in developing their smartness and efficiency through IR 4.0, also known as the new industrial revolution. Organizations will be able to use data in real time within supply chains and economies that also operate in real time. They will become more sustainable and their operating conditions will improve, earning them the contemporary consumers’ trust and loyalty as they offer opportunities for personalization. Online companies were anticipated to grow tremendously because not only were easier and more convenient transactions permitted, but also significantly improved product offerings were made feasible by the IR 4.0 system. Online businesses should seize these opportunities and overcome the challenges to maximize their business performance. When examining the potential advancements, researchers have foreseen that IR 4.0 features both opportunities and challenges, although the opportunities to be gained far outweigh the challenges. Thus, further research should be conducted to gauge the impacts of the opportunities and challenges associated with IR 4.0, and a proper course of action should be suggested. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
Proceeding Paper
Maritime Security Policy for Increasing National Economic Growth in Archipelagic Country
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 86; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082086 - 27 Sep 2022
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Abstract
Transport security is a leading strategic issue in an archipelago country with many back entrances to secure. Both ports and shipping lanes are significant for multinational investment activities. This paper aims to determine the impact of maritime transport security and the expectations of [...] Read more.
Transport security is a leading strategic issue in an archipelago country with many back entrances to secure. Both ports and shipping lanes are significant for multinational investment activities. This paper aims to determine the impact of maritime transport security and the expectations of stakeholders on Indonesia’s economic growth. This paper used quantitative and qualitative approaches. The analytical technique in the quantitative method used Input-Output analysis, and for the qualitative method, Focus Group Discussions (FGD) activities were held and analyzed by NVivo. The results of the quantitative approach showed an impact of changes in GDP by 21.99 billion IDR and an increase in the income of workers by 0.13 billion IDR. The other 53 sectors changed the output by 36.96 trillion IDR, the workforce by 79,072 people, and labor income by 860.31 billion IDR. The qualitative method explained that the Stakeholder Synergy has the most significant contribution among stakeholders to creating a better maritime transport security ecosystem. The multiplier impact on all sectors, income, and employment, will always appear in a public policy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
The Comparison of Evaluation on User Experience and Usability of Mobile Banking Applications Using User Experience Questionnaire and System Usability Scale
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082087 - 28 Sep 2022
Viewed by 58
Abstract
The digitalization in the banking sector is improving rapidly as shown in the 46.72% increase in the number of digital banking system users in Indonesia, with significant increase in the number of mobile banking users. This enthusiasm should be followed by proper development [...] Read more.
The digitalization in the banking sector is improving rapidly as shown in the 46.72% increase in the number of digital banking system users in Indonesia, with significant increase in the number of mobile banking users. This enthusiasm should be followed by proper development of user experience (UX) and usability of the applications. User experience is a factor that affects the continuity intention to use an application which later also affects customer satisfaction. Usability also positively affects customer satisfaction. In this study, the UX and usability of four mobile banking applications in Indonesia were measured using the User Experience Questionnaire (UEQ) and System Usability Scale (SUS). The outcomes of the measurement of each application were then presented and compared to analyse the UX and usability of the application. Of four applications, the minimum rating was NEUTRAL, and the usability was regarded as GOOD. These results indicate that users have accepted the usability of the mobile banking applications that they used. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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Proceeding Paper
Printed Modular Approach on Selected High School Learners in Infanta Pangasinan for Successful Learning Delivery Amidst Disruption
Proceedings 2022, 82(1), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings2022082088 (registering DOI) - 29 Sep 2022
Viewed by 27
Abstract
The coronavirus disease altered human history in terms of the normal course of life, day-to-day business transactions, and education setup. It could be observed that learning institutions across the globe have been affected much by the raging effect of the pandemic. This study [...] Read more.
The coronavirus disease altered human history in terms of the normal course of life, day-to-day business transactions, and education setup. It could be observed that learning institutions across the globe have been affected much by the raging effect of the pandemic. This study was conceptualized based on the learning insertion made in basic education to continue to live up to the expectations in the academic community emanating from the grassroots. The printed modular approach became the instrument of stakeholders inserted into the actual learning process as the study described its statuses, effects, and challenges on selected High School learners. Full article
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of International Academic Symposium of Social Science 2022)
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