Next Article in Journal
On Strongly Almost Convergent Sequence Spaces of Fuzzy Numbers
Previous Article in Journal
Exact Solvability of Stochastic Differential Equations Driven by Finite Activity Levy Processes
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Mathematical and Computational Applications is published by MDPI from Volume 21 Issue 1 (2016). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with the previous journal publisher.
Open AccessArticle
Math. Comput. Appl. 2012, 17(1), 83-91;

Flow Analysis and Determination of Drag Forces for Spikes of Crops

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Celal Bayar University 45040 Muradiye, Manisa, Turkey
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Published: 1 April 2012
PDF [1320 KB, uploaded 11 March 2016]


In this work, flow analysis and drag forces of spikes of crops are investigated. A control volume is constructed to calculate drag forces and coefficients of spikes of wheats (Triticum durum, Triticum aestivum) for various velocities. In addition, drag forces corresponding to different orientation angles are determined for spikes of bread wheats. Spikes without awns are drawn using UNIGRAPHICS program in order to computationally analyze the flow. The drawings are inserted into ANSYS ICEM-CFD program and drag forces and coefficients are determined.
Keywords: Wheat Spikes; drag forces; drag coefficients Wheat Spikes; drag forces; drag coefficients
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kırmacı, S.; Pakdemirli, M. Flow Analysis and Determination of Drag Forces for Spikes of Crops. Math. Comput. Appl. 2012, 17, 83-91.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Math. Comput. Appl. EISSN 2297-8747 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top