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Open AccessArticle

Fabrication of Efficient Cu2ZnSnS4 Solar Cells by Sputtering Single Stoichiometric Target

School of Photovoltaic and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, NSW, Australia
UCL Institute for Materials Discovery, University College London, London WC1E 7JE, UK
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: I. M. Dharmadasa
Coatings 2017, 7(2), 19;
Received: 16 December 2016 / Revised: 6 January 2017 / Accepted: 20 January 2017 / Published: 24 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Thin Film Semiconductors for Photovoltaic Applications)
PDF [4397 KB, uploaded 24 January 2017]


Low cost single stoichiometric target sputtering of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) precursor has been adopted to fabricate CZTS solar cells. The effect of a series of deposition pressures and deposition durations on the device performance has been investigated. A 3.74% efficient solar cell has been achieved at a base pressure of 1 × 10−4 Torr with a stoichiometric target, which to the authors’ knowledge, is the record efficiency for such a stoichiometric target. View Full-Text
Keywords: single target; stoichiometry; sputtering; CZTS single target; stoichiometry; sputtering; CZTS

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Cui, H.; Liu, X.; Sun, L.; Liu, F.; Yan, C.; Hao, X. Fabrication of Efficient Cu2ZnSnS4 Solar Cells by Sputtering Single Stoichiometric Target. Coatings 2017, 7, 19.

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