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Agriculture 2018, 8(7), 105; https://doi.org/10.3390/agriculture8070105

Conservation of Crop Genetic Resources in Italy with a Focus on Vegetables and a Case Study of a Neglected Race of Brassica Oleracea

1
Leibnitz-Institut für Pflanzengenetik und Kulturpflanzenforschung (IPK), Corrensstr. 3, OT Gatersleben, D-06455 Seeland, Germany
2
National Research Council-Institute of Biosciences and BioResources (CNR-IBBR), via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 May 2018 / Revised: 24 June 2018 / Accepted: 26 June 2018 / Published: 2 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodiversity of Vegetable Crops, A Living Heritage)
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Abstract

This study attempts, above all, to provide a summary, on a strictly scientific basis, about the strategies of conservation of autochthonous agrobiodiversity followed in Italy. A special focus is dedicated to vegetables and, therefore, could represent a contribution to improve the national strategy for the safeguarding of its agrobiodiversity in general. The paper offers also an outlook on the most critical factors of ex situ conservation and actions which need to be taken. Some examples of ‘novel’ recovered neglected crops are also given. Finally a case study is proposed on ‘Mugnolicchio’, a neglected race of Brassica oleracea L., cultivated in Altamura (Ba) in southern Italy, that might be considered as an early step in the evolution of broccoli (B. oleracea L. var. italica Plenck) like ‘Mugnoli’ another neglected race described from Salento (Apulia). View Full-Text
Keywords: agrobiodiversity; vegetables; plant genetic resources; Italy; safeguarding; landraces agrobiodiversity; vegetables; plant genetic resources; Italy; safeguarding; landraces
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Hammer, K.; Montesano, V.; Direnzo, P.; Laghetti, G. Conservation of Crop Genetic Resources in Italy with a Focus on Vegetables and a Case Study of a Neglected Race of Brassica Oleracea. Agriculture 2018, 8, 105.

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