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Open AccessArticle

Global Evolution of Research in Artificial Intelligence in Health and Medicine: A Bibliometric Study

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Institute for Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
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Center of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Center of Excellence in Evidence-based Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam
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Center for Interdisciplinary Social Research, Phenikaa University, Yen Nghia, Ha Dong District, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
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Faculty of Economics and Finance, Phenikaa University, Yen Nghia, Ha Dong district, Hanoi 100803, Vietnam
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Sciences Po Paris, Campus de Dijon, 21000 Dijon, France
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Vietnam-Germany Hospital, 16 Phu Doan street, Hoan Kiem district, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
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Information Systems Technology and Design (ISTD) pillar, Singapore University of Technology and Design, Singapore 487372, Singapore
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A.I. for Social Data Lab (AISDL), Vuong & Associates, 3/161 Thinh Quang, Dong Da District, Hanoi 100000, Vietnam
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Department of Psychological Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore 119228, Singapore
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Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City 700000, Vietnam
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Department of Psychological Medicine, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore 119228, Singapore
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Biomedical Global Institute of Healthcare Research & Technology (BIGHEART), National University of Singapore, Singapore 117599, Singapore
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8(3), 360; https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm8030360
Received: 19 February 2019 / Revised: 9 March 2019 / Accepted: 10 March 2019 / Published: 14 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Future of Artificial Intelligence in Clinical Medicine)
The increasing application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health and medicine has attracted a great deal of research interest in recent decades. This study aims to provide a global and historical picture of research concerning AI in health and medicine. A total of 27,451 papers that were published between 1977 and 2018 (84.6% were dated 2008–2018) were retrieved from the Web of Science platform. The descriptive analysis examined the publication volume, and authors and countries collaboration. A global network of authors’ keywords and content analysis of related scientific literature highlighted major techniques, including Robotic, Machine learning, Artificial neural network, Artificial intelligence, Natural language process, and their most frequent applications in Clinical Prediction and Treatment. The number of cancer-related publications was the highest, followed by Heart Diseases and Stroke, Vision impairment, Alzheimer’s, and Depression. Moreover, the shortage in the research of AI application to some high burden diseases suggests future directions in AI research. This study offers a first and comprehensive picture of the global efforts directed towards this increasingly important and prolific field of research and suggests the development of global and national protocols and regulations on the justification and adaptation of medical AI products. View Full-Text
Keywords: bibliometric analysis; artificial intelligence; health; medicine; global; mapping; AI ethics bibliometric analysis; artificial intelligence; health; medicine; global; mapping; AI ethics
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Tran, B.X.; Vu, G.T.; Ha, G.H.; Vuong, Q.-H.; Ho, M.-T.; Vuong, T.-T.; La, V.-P.; Ho, M.-T.; Nghiem, K.-C.P.; Nguyen, H.L.T.; Latkin, C.A.; Tam, W.W.S.; Cheung, N.-M.; Nguyen, H.-K.T.; Ho, C.S.H.; Ho, R.C.M. Global Evolution of Research in Artificial Intelligence in Health and Medicine: A Bibliometric Study. J. Clin. Med. 2019, 8, 360.

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