Table of Contents
Behav. Sci., Volume 9, Issue 3 (March 2019)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) Recently, doubts were raised about the existence of the bilingual advantage in cognitive control. [...] Read more. Recently, doubts were raised about the existence of the bilingual advantage in cognitive control. The aim of the present review was to investigate the bilingual advantage and its modulating factors. We searched the Medline, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and ERIC databases for all original data and reviewed studies on bilingualism and cognitive control. The results of the 46 original studies show that indeed, the majority (54.3%) reported beneficial effects of bilingualism on cognitive control tasks. However, 28.3% found mixed results and 17.4% found evidence against its existence. Methodological differences seem to explain these mixed results. Therefore, a serious risk for bias exists in both directions. To conclude, we found some evidence for a bilingual advantage in cognitive control, but better study designs, bigger data, and more longitudinal studies are needed. View this paper