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Investigating the Impact of Actual and Modeled Occupant Behavior Information Input to Building Performance Simulation

1
M.E. Rinker, Sr. School of Construction Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
2
School of Information, Systems and Modeling, University of Technology Sydney, Ultimo, NSW 2000, Australia
3
Ackoff Collaboratory for Advancement of the Systems Approach, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19105, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Buildings 2021, 11(1), 32; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11010032
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 17 January 2021
Occupant behaviors are one of the most dominant factors that influence building energy use. Understanding the influences from building occupants can promote the development of energy–efficient buildings. This paper quantifies the impact of different occupant behavior information on building energy model (BEM) from multiple perspectives. For this purpose, an occupant behavior model that uses agent–based modeling (ABM) approach is implemented via co-simulation with a BEM of an existing commercial building. Then, actual occupant behavior data in correspondence to ABM output, including operations on window, door, and blinds in selected thermal zones of the building are recorded using survey logs. A simulation experiment is conducted by creating three BEMs with constant, actual, and modeled occupant behavioral inputs. The analysis of the simulation results among these scenarios helps us gain an in–depth understanding of how occupant behaviors influence building performance. This study aims to facilitate robust building design and operation with human–in–the–loop system optimization. View Full-Text
Keywords: building performance simulation; occupant behavior modeling; on–site survey; co-simulation; mutual impact quantification building performance simulation; occupant behavior modeling; on–site survey; co-simulation; mutual impact quantification
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jia, M.; Srinivasan, R.; Ries, R.J.; Bharathy, G.; Weyer, N. Investigating the Impact of Actual and Modeled Occupant Behavior Information Input to Building Performance Simulation. Buildings 2021, 11, 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11010032

AMA Style

Jia M, Srinivasan R, Ries RJ, Bharathy G, Weyer N. Investigating the Impact of Actual and Modeled Occupant Behavior Information Input to Building Performance Simulation. Buildings. 2021; 11(1):32. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11010032

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jia, Mengda; Srinivasan, Ravi; Ries, Robert J.; Bharathy, Gnana; Weyer, Nathan. 2021. "Investigating the Impact of Actual and Modeled Occupant Behavior Information Input to Building Performance Simulation" Buildings 11, no. 1: 32. https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings11010032

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