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Biology of Pseudacteon Decapitating Flies (Diptera: Phoridae) That Parasitize Ants of the Solenopsis saevissima Complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in South America

by Li Chen 1,2,* and Sanford D. Porter 3,†
1
College of Life Science, Hebei University, Baoding 071001, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Integrated Management of Pest Insects and Rodents, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
3
Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture—Agricultural Research Service, Gainesville, FL 32608, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Retired.
Insects 2020, 11(2), 107; https://doi.org/10.3390/insects11020107
Received: 21 January 2020 / Revised: 4 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 February 2020 / Published: 6 February 2020
Pseudacteon flies (Diptera: Phoridae) parasitize individual ant workers, causing decapitation of the host during pupariation. Phorid flies that attack South American fire ants in the Solenopsis saevissima (Smith) complex are distributed across a wide range of habitats and climates associated with the geographical range of their hosts. Sympatric species sharing the same hosts often partition niche resources by season, active time of day, host size, and/or different host activities. They have the potential of being used for biological control of the imported fire ants in North America, Australia, and Asia. View Full-Text
Keywords: parasitoid; phorid; social insect; Solenopsis invicta; red imported fire ant; natural enemies parasitoid; phorid; social insect; Solenopsis invicta; red imported fire ant; natural enemies
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Chen, L.; Porter, S.D. Biology of Pseudacteon Decapitating Flies (Diptera: Phoridae) That Parasitize Ants of the Solenopsis saevissima Complex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in South America. Insects 2020, 11, 107.

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