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Water Organization and Dynamics on Mineral Surfaces Interrogated by Graph Theoretical Analyses of Intermolecular Chemical Networks

Helium Production and Possible Projection

by 1,* and 2
Institute for Sustainable Futures, University of Technology, Sydney, UTS Building 10, 235 Jones St., Ultimo, NSW 2007, Australia
Engineering and the Environment, University of South Australia, Mawson Lakes Campus, Mawson Lakes Boulevard, Mawson Lakes, SA 5095, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Minerals 2014, 4(1), 130-144;
Received: 12 November 2013 / Revised: 24 February 2014 / Accepted: 28 February 2014 / Published: 5 March 2014
The future availability of helium has been raised as an issue in the literature. However, a disaggregated projection of helium production has not been attempted, presumably due to the difficult nature of accessing disaggregated historic production data to test the accuracy of this issue. This paper presents collated and estimated historic helium production statistics from 1921 to 2012 for each helium producing country in the world and by U.S. state. A high and regular growth projection of helium has been created. It is found that helium resources are sufficient for the near future, with the projected production plateauing in 2060–2075 and 2090–2100 for the high and regular growth scenarios, respectively. As long as natural gas deposits with helium are appropriately managed, there is little likelihood for helium shortages to occur in the short term due to geologic constraints. View Full-Text
Keywords: helium; historic production; future projection helium; historic production; future projection
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mohr, S.; Ward, J. Helium Production and Possible Projection. Minerals 2014, 4, 130-144.

AMA Style

Mohr S, Ward J. Helium Production and Possible Projection. Minerals. 2014; 4(1):130-144.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mohr, Steve, and James Ward. 2014. "Helium Production and Possible Projection" Minerals 4, no. 1: 130-144.

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