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Open AccessArticle

Impacts of Off-Farm Employment on Irrigation Water Efficiency in North China

1
College of Economics & Management, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China
2
Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Julio Berbel, Carlos Gutiérrez-Martín and Julia Martin-Ortega
Water 2016, 8(10), 452; https://doi.org/10.3390/w8100452
Received: 2 August 2016 / Revised: 8 October 2016 / Accepted: 10 October 2016 / Published: 14 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Economics and Policy)
This paper examines the impacts of off-farm employment on irrigation water efficiency (IWE) with a set of household level data collected in Hebei Province in North China. A major finding is that households with higher shares of laborers working off-farm locally seem to achieve higher IWEs. The effect of local off-farm employment is greater among those households that have made more efforts to use furrow irrigation. We also find that households with higher shares of elderly laborers and those with larger land holding are associated with lower IWEs. Households with better soil quality and those that pump from deeper wells are associated with higher IWEs. View Full-Text
Keywords: local off-farm employment; migration; irrigation water efficiency; groundwater; North China local off-farm employment; migration; irrigation water efficiency; groundwater; North China
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Yin, N.; Huang, Q.; Yang, Z.; Wang, Y. Impacts of Off-Farm Employment on Irrigation Water Efficiency in North China. Water 2016, 8, 452.

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