Based on an analysis of the precision and preparation technology of an optical texture film with a triangular pyramid texture, the technical requirements of the original mold were determined, and precision shaping planning technology was adopted to process the original mold. The shape error of the optical texture mold of the triangular pyramid was assessed by defining the area ratio of the retro-reflection. The influence of the tool nose radius and exit burr on the area ratio of the retro-reflection were analyzed. By optimizing the cutting tools, cutting materials and cutting boundaries, a five-axis ultra-precision machining system was used to plan the triangular pyramid structure with a base length of 115 µm and an included angle between two sides of 70.5°. The experimental results indicate that the dimension error of the triangular pyramid element is less than 1 µm, the angle error of the included angle between two sides is less than 0.05°, and the average roughness of the side of the triangular pyramid can reach 9.2 nm, which satisfies the processing quality requirements of the triangular pyramid texture mold.
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