Next Article in Journal
Functional Analysis of a Putative Dothistromin Toxin MFS Transporter Gene
Next Article in Special Issue
Protein Domain Analysis of C. botulinum Type A Neurotoxin and Its Relationship with Other Botulinum Serotypes
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Comparison of Sea Snake (Hydrophiidae) Neurotoxin to Cobra (Naja) Neurotoxin
 
 
Article

Isolation and Chemical Characterization of a Toxin Isolated from the Venom of the Sea Snake, Hydrophis torquatus aagardi

1
Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Meijo University, Nagoya 468-8503, Japan
2
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Colorado State University, Ft. Collins, CO 80523, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2009, 1(2), 162-172; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins1020162
Received: 28 October 2009 / Revised: 2 December 2009 / Accepted: 7 December 2009 / Published: 8 December 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neurotoxins of Biological Origin)
Sea snakes (family: Hydrophiidae) are serpents found in the coastal areas of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. There are two subfamilies in Hydrophiidae: Hydrophiinae and Laticaudinae. A toxin, aagardi toxin, was isolated from the venom of the Hydrophiinae snake, Hydrophis torquatus aagardi and its chemical properties such as molecular weight, isoelectric point, importance of disulfide bonds, lack of enzymatic activity and amino acid sequence were determined. The amino acid sequence indicated a close relationship to the primary structure of other Hydrophiinae toxins and a significant difference from Laticaudinae toxins, confirming that primary toxin structure is closely related to sea snake phylogenecity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hydrophiidae toxin; Hydrophis torquatus aagardi toxin; sea snake toxin Hydrophiidae toxin; Hydrophis torquatus aagardi toxin; sea snake toxin
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Nagamizu, M.; Komori, Y.; Uchiya, K.-i.; Nikai, T.; Tu, A.T. Isolation and Chemical Characterization of a Toxin Isolated from the Venom of the Sea Snake, Hydrophis torquatus aagardi. Toxins 2009, 1, 162-172. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins1020162

AMA Style

Nagamizu M, Komori Y, Uchiya K-i, Nikai T, Tu AT. Isolation and Chemical Characterization of a Toxin Isolated from the Venom of the Sea Snake, Hydrophis torquatus aagardi. Toxins. 2009; 1(2):162-172. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins1020162

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nagamizu, Masaya, Yumiko Komori, Kei-ichi Uchiya, Toshiaki Nikai, and Anthony T. Tu. 2009. "Isolation and Chemical Characterization of a Toxin Isolated from the Venom of the Sea Snake, Hydrophis torquatus aagardi" Toxins 1, no. 2: 162-172. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins1020162

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop