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Nutrients 2015, 7(5), 3587-3620;

Cross-Continental Comparison of National Food Consumption Survey Methods—A Narrative Review

Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Bio- and Food Sciences, University College Ghent-Campus Vesalius, Keramiekstraat 80, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Department of Public Health, Ghent University University Hospital 4K3, De Pintelaan, 185, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Melbourne, Victoria 3125, Australia
Division of Sciences, Department of Human Nutrition, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin 9054, New Zealand
Beltsville Human Nutrition Research Center, Agricultural Research Service–USDA, 10300 Baltimore Ave., Beltsville MD 20705, USA
Department of Social Nutrition, Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho 373, Cidade Universitária, Ilha do Fundão, Rio de Janeiro 21941-902, Brazil
Nutrition Management Service and Policy Team, Korea Health Industry Development Institute, Chungbuk 363-700, Korea
Division of Human Nutrition, Wageningen University, Bomenweg 2, Wageningen 6703HD, The Netherlands
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), 150 Cours Albert Thomas, 69372 Lyon Cedex 08, France
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 January 2015 / Revised: 1 April 2015 / Accepted: 24 April 2015 / Published: 13 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Assessment of Nutrient Intakes)
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Food consumption surveys are performed in many countries. Comparison of results from those surveys across nations is difficult because of differences in methodological approaches. While consensus about the preferred methodology associated with national food consumption surveys is increasing, no inventory of methodological aspects across continents is available. The aims of the present review are (1) to develop a framework of key methodological elements related to national food consumption surveys, (2) to create an inventory of these properties of surveys performed in the continents North-America, South-America, Asia and Australasia, and (3) to discuss and compare these methodological properties cross-continentally. A literature search was performed using a fixed set of search terms in different databases. The inventory was completed with all accessible information from all retrieved publications and corresponding authors were requested to provide additional information where missing. Surveys from ten individual countries, originating from four continents are listed in the inventory. The results are presented according to six major aspects of food consumption surveys. The most common dietary intake assessment method used in food consumption surveys worldwide is the 24-HDR (24 h dietary recall), occasionally administered repeatedly, mostly using interview software. Only three countries have incorporated their national food consumption surveys into continuous national health and nutrition examination surveys. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition surveys; public health surveillance; nutrition assessment; adult nutrition surveys; public health surveillance; nutrition assessment; adult

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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De Keyzer, W.; Bracke, T.; McNaughton, S.A.; Parnell, W.; Moshfegh, A.J.; Pereira, R.A.; Lee, H.-S.; Veer, P.V.; De Henauw, S.; Huybrechts, I. Cross-Continental Comparison of National Food Consumption Survey Methods—A Narrative Review. Nutrients 2015, 7, 3587-3620.

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