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Article

Are Older Adults without a Healthy Diet Less Physically Active and More Sedentary?

1
Department of Physical Education, National Taiwan Normal University, 162, Heping East Road Section 1, Taipei 106, Taiwan
2
Institute of Sports Pedagogy, University of Taipei, No. 101, Sec. 2, Jhongcheng Rd., Shilin Dist., Taipei 11153, Taiwan
3
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education, National Taiwan Normal University, 162, Heping East Road Section 1, Taipei 106, Taiwan
4
Health Convergence Medicine Research Group, Biomedical Research Institute, Pusan National University Hospital, 179, Gudeok-Ro, Seo-Gu, Busan 49241, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(5), 1119; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051119
Received: 4 April 2019 / Revised: 9 May 2019 / Accepted: 10 May 2019 / Published: 20 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity And Diet For Health Optimisation)
Few studies on older populations consider several energy balance-related behaviors together. This cross-sectional study compared subjectively and objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) patterns between older adults with and without a healthy diet. We recruited 127 community-dwelling older Taiwanese adults (69.9 ± 5.0 years); data were collected during April and September 2018. Objectively measured total PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, light PA, step count, total sedentary time, duration of sedentary bouts, number of sedentary bouts, and number of sedentary breaks were assessed using activity monitors. Subjectively measured PA and SB were measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire for Older Adults. Chi-square tests and independent sample t-tests were performed. For subjective measures, older adults without a healthy diet spent significantly less total leisure time on PA and more leisure sitting time than those with a healthy diet. For objective measures, older adults without a healthy diet spent less time on light PA and had a higher total sedentary time, duration of sedentary bouts, times of sedentary bouts, and times of sedentary breaks than those with a healthy diet. Regardless of the use of objective or subjective measurements, older adults without a healthy diet engaged in a more inactive and sedentary lifestyle. These findings have implications for health promotion practitioners in designing tailored interventions. View Full-Text
Keywords: accelerometer; questionnaire; physical activity; sedentary bouts; sedentary break; elderly accelerometer; questionnaire; physical activity; sedentary bouts; sedentary break; elderly
MDPI and ACS Style

Hsueh, M.-C.; Rutherford, R.; Huang, Y.-H.; Chang Chien, H.-Y.; Chang, C.-H.; Park, J.-H.; Liao, Y. Are Older Adults without a Healthy Diet Less Physically Active and More Sedentary? Nutrients 2019, 11, 1119. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051119

AMA Style

Hsueh M-C, Rutherford R, Huang Y-H, Chang Chien H-Y, Chang C-H, Park J-H, Liao Y. Are Older Adults without a Healthy Diet Less Physically Active and More Sedentary? Nutrients. 2019; 11(5):1119. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051119

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hsueh, Ming-Chun, Ru Rutherford, Yi-Hsuan Huang, Hung-Yu Chang Chien, Chia-Hui Chang, Jong-Hwan Park, and Yung Liao. 2019. "Are Older Adults without a Healthy Diet Less Physically Active and More Sedentary?" Nutrients 11, no. 5: 1119. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11051119

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