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Special Issue "Physical Activity And Diet For Health Optimisation"

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 28 April 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. James Dimmock

University of Western Australia, School of Human Sciences, Perth, Australia
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Health promotion; exercise psychology; motivation; self-regulation
Guest Editor
Dr. Ben Jackson

University of Western Australia, School of Human Sciences, Perth, Australia
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Health promotion; exercise psychology; statistical analyses; behavior change

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Health researchers often explore dietary behavior and physical activity in separate lines of work; rarely do researchers consider the possible interplay between these important health behaviors. In this Special Issue, however, researchers look at dietary behavior and physical activity together, exploring how and why the undertaking of one behavior may influence the other. Also, this Special Issue covers the health outcomes of interactions between dietary behaviour and physical activity. This Special Issue will provide the readers with novel perspectives on health promotion involving diet and physical activity and will hopefully stimulate more research in this important area.

Dr. James Dimmock
Dr. Ben Jackson
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • diet
  • physical activity
  • interaction
  • health
  • exercise
  • compensation

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle Differences in Physical Activity and Diet Patterns between Non-Rural and Rural Adults
Nutrients 2018, 10(11), 1601; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10111601
Received: 13 September 2018 / Revised: 10 October 2018 / Accepted: 24 October 2018 / Published: 1 November 2018
PDF Full-text (247 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text | Supplementary Files
Abstract
Background: It is unclear how rural occupations and lifestyles may play a role in shaping physical activity and diet behaviors that contribute to the rural–urban obesity disparity. Methods: Data come from the prospective and observational South Dakota Rural Bone Health Study, which included
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Background: It is unclear how rural occupations and lifestyles may play a role in shaping physical activity and diet behaviors that contribute to the rural–urban obesity disparity. Methods: Data come from the prospective and observational South Dakota Rural Bone Health Study, which included adults aged 20–66 years in three groups: (1) non-rural non-Hutterite, (2) rural non-Hutterite, and (3) rural Hutterite. Physical activity data were collected using 7-day physical activity questionnaires, and hours per day in physical activity categories are reported. Diet data were collected using food frequency questionnaires, and food group servings per day (svg/day) are reported. Mixed models were generated to determine group differences in physical activity and diet outcomes, and marginal group means are presented. Results: Among females, both rural groups spent more time in moderate activity (4.8 ± 0.13 h/day and 4.7 ± 0.09 h/day vs. 3.5 ± 0.11 h/day, both p < 0.001) and vigorous activity (0.58 ± 0.03 h/day and 0.53 ± 0.02 h/day vs. 0.43 ± 0.03 h/day, both p < 0.01) and less time sitting (4.4 ± 0.13 h/day and 4.3 ± 0.09 h/day vs. 5.0 ± 0.11 h/day, both p < 0.001) on weekdays than non-rural groups. Hutterite females spent fewer hours in moderate activity (2.6 ± 0.08 h/day vs. 4.5 ± 0.11 h/day, p < 0.001) and vigorous activity (0.18 ± 0.02 h/day vs. 0.46 ± 0.02 h/day, p < 0.001) on weekend days compared to rural females. Hutterite females consumed more fruits (2.2 ± 0.06 svg/day vs. 1.7 ± 0.10 svg/day, p < 0.001) and vegetables (3.6 ± 0.08 svg/day vs. 2.7 ± 0.12 svg/day, p < 0.001) than rural females. Among males, both rural groups spent more time in moderate activity (4.9 ± 0.13 h/day and 6.1 ± 0.12 h/day vs. 3.0 ± 0.16 h/day, both p < 0.001) and less time sitting (4.1 ± 0.13 h/day and 3.4 ± 0.12 h/day vs. 6.0 ± 0.15 h/day, both p < 0.001) on weekdays compared to non-rural groups. Hutterite males spent less time in moderate activity (2.1 ± 0.10 h/day vs. 4.1 ± 0.11 h/day, p < 0.001) and vigorous activity (0.15 ± 0.04 h/day vs. 0.74 ± 0.04 h/day, p < 0.001) on weekend days compared to rural males. Hutterite males consumed more vegetables (3.0 ± 0.10 svg/day vs. 2.0 ± 0.11 svg/day, p < 0.001) than rural males. Conclusions: A rural occupation and lifestyle appear to contribute to differences in physical activity, while traditional rural lifestyle practices contribute to differences in diet. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity And Diet For Health Optimisation)
Open AccessArticle Testing the Feasibility and Preliminary Efficacy of an 8-Week Exercise and Compensatory Eating Intervention
Nutrients 2018, 10(7), 923; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10070923
Received: 12 June 2018 / Revised: 6 July 2018 / Accepted: 16 July 2018 / Published: 19 July 2018
PDF Full-text (2952 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an intervention comprised of regular exercise alongside educational and motivational support for participants’ avoidance of unhealthy compensatory eating. Forty-five sedentary individuals were randomized to an 8-week exercise plus compensatory
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an intervention comprised of regular exercise alongside educational and motivational support for participants’ avoidance of unhealthy compensatory eating. Forty-five sedentary individuals were randomized to an 8-week exercise plus compensatory eating avoidance program (CEAP; n = 24), or an 8-week exercise intervention only (control; n = 21). The feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the intervention were assessed using quantitative measures and supplemented with written responses to open-ended questions. The CEAP workshop was well-received; however, self-reported use of some of the included behavior change strategies was lower than expected. Post-intervention, there was evidence of reduced self-reported compensatory eating for participants in the CEAP group but not controls, with CEAP participants also reporting greater use of coping plans relative to controls post-intervention. The exercise program had benefits for waist circumference, body fat percentage, blood pressure, and cardiovascular fitness; however, improvements were similar between groups. Taken together, the results of this study indicate that the CEAP is feasible and may reduce compensatory eating around exercise; however, this effect is small. Potential modifications to the CEAP are discussed within the paper. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity And Diet For Health Optimisation)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Prof. Susan Michie

Tentative title: A behavioural systems approach to understanding and intervening with eating and activity behaviours

Dr. Bobby Cheon

Tentative title: Compensatory beliefs and assumptions guiding the relationship between physical activity and food consumption—A review.

Ms. Jessica West

Tentative title: Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an 8-week intervention to increase exercise and decrease compensatory eating.

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