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Open AccessArticle

Diet, Physical Activity, Obesity, and Breastfeeding: How French People Perceive Factors Associated with Cancer Risk

1
Institut National du Cancer (INCa), 52 avenue André Morizet, 92513 Boulogne-Billancourt, France
2
Université de Paris, LPPS, F-92100 Boulogne-Billancourt, France
3
Santé publique France, 12 rue du Val d’Osne, 94415 Saint-Maurice, France
4
Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN), Centre of Research in Epidemiology and Statistics (CRESS), Inserm U1153, Inra U1125, Cnam, Paris 13 University, 74 rue Marcel Cachin, F-93017 Bobigny, France
5
French network for Nutrition And Cancer Research (NACRe network); Bâtiment 400, 78352 Jouy-en-Josas, France
6
Laboratoire Éducation et Pratiques de Santé (LEPS EA 3412), Université Paris 13—UFR SMBH, 93017 Bobigny, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2019, 11(10), 2491; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11102491
Received: 6 September 2019 / Revised: 10 October 2019 / Accepted: 11 October 2019 / Published: 16 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and Cancer: From Prevention to Survivorship)
The French Cancer Barometer, a population-based-survey, is carried out every five years and is, to date, one of the few national studies conducted to investigate individual perception linked to cancer risk factors. The aims of the present study were to describe the perceptions of the French population in 2015 and to assess their evolution over a 5-year period (2010–2015). The French Cancer Barometer surveyed a randomly selected sample of participants aged 15–75 years (n = 3345 in 2010) and 15–85 years (n = 3764 in 2015), representative of the French population. Questions were on perception of diet, physical activity, obesity, and breastfeeding as cancer risk factors. In 2015, nutritional/activity factors were perceived as having an important role in cancer development for the majority of those surveyed (diet (90.8%), obesity (76%), and physical activity (70%)) with the exception being breastfeeding (34%). However, there was a moderate perception of the risks of red meat (43%) and salt or salty food (55%) consumption. Perceptions of nutritional risk factors were mostly associated with age and education level. Interestingly, there was a greater perception of nutritional risk factors in 2015 compared to 2010, and the participants’ opinions were also stronger. Efforts should be made on individuals with lower educational level and to promote the beneficial effects of breastfeeding. However, to impact food behavior, measures are needed at the environmental level and not only at the individual one. View Full-Text
Keywords: cancer; breastfeeding; cancer barometer; diet; nutrition; obesity; physical activity; population-based study; risk factor cancer; breastfeeding; cancer barometer; diet; nutrition; obesity; physical activity; population-based study; risk factor
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Lamore, K.; Ducrot, P.; Latino-Martel, P.; Soler, M.; Foucaud, J. Diet, Physical Activity, Obesity, and Breastfeeding: How French People Perceive Factors Associated with Cancer Risk. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2491.

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