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The Short-Term Power Load Forecasting Based on Sperm Whale Algorithm and Wavelet Least Square Support Vector Machine with DWT-IR for Feature Selection

1
Department of Economic and Management, North China Electric Power University, Beijing 102206, China
2
Economy and Technology Research Institute, State Grid Xin Jiang Electric Power Corporation, Wulumuqi 830011, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2017, 9(7), 1188; https://doi.org/10.3390/su9071188
Received: 5 June 2017 / Revised: 25 June 2017 / Accepted: 3 July 2017 / Published: 6 July 2017
Short-term power load forecasting is an important basis for the operation of integrated energy system, and the accuracy of load forecasting directly affects the economy of system operation. To improve the forecasting accuracy, this paper proposes a load forecasting system based on wavelet least square support vector machine and sperm whale algorithm. Firstly, the methods of discrete wavelet transform and inconsistency rate model (DWT-IR) are used to select the optimal features, which aims to reduce the redundancy of input vectors. Secondly, the kernel function of least square support vector machine LSSVM is replaced by wavelet kernel function for improving the nonlinear mapping ability of LSSVM. Lastly, the parameters of W-LSSVM are optimized by sperm whale algorithm, and the short-term load forecasting method of W-LSSVM-SWA is established. Additionally, the example verification results show that the proposed model outperforms other alternative methods and has a strong effectiveness and feasibility in short-term power load forecasting. View Full-Text
Keywords: load forecasting; least square support vector machine; sperm whale algorithm; feature selection load forecasting; least square support vector machine; sperm whale algorithm; feature selection
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Liu, J.-P.; Li, C.-L. The Short-Term Power Load Forecasting Based on Sperm Whale Algorithm and Wavelet Least Square Support Vector Machine with DWT-IR for Feature Selection. Sustainability 2017, 9, 1188.

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