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Choosing between Formal and Informal Technology Transfer Channels: Determining Factors among Spanish Academicians

Economic Faculty, Universidad de Extremadura, 06006 Badajoz, Spain
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Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2476; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052476
Received: 5 February 2021 / Revised: 22 February 2021 / Accepted: 22 February 2021 / Published: 25 February 2021
Technology transfer has become one of the most important activities that must be developed by universities. However, there are multiple ways to do it. We can differentiate, essentially, between formal transfer (which is carried out through the channels established and controlled by the university staff, legalized through contracts) and informal (channels not legalized by signing a contract). Both types of transfers have diverse implications, which is why their study is necessary. This research aimed to study what are the determinants that lead academics to choose one or another channel of technology transfer. To this end, an empirical study was carried out by sending a questionnaire ad hoc to which a total of 1215 researchers responded. The results show that the choice of formal transfer channels depends on the academic experience in informal channels, as well as on the capacity and that of organizational justice. These results have important implications for policy makers and university managers. View Full-Text
Keywords: management of technological innovation and R& D; academic entrepreneurship; science transference channels; formal technology transfer; informal technology transfer; determining factors management of technological innovation and R& D; academic entrepreneurship; science transference channels; formal technology transfer; informal technology transfer; determining factors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vega-Gomez, F.I.; Miranda-Gonzalez, F.J. Choosing between Formal and Informal Technology Transfer Channels: Determining Factors among Spanish Academicians. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2476. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052476

AMA Style

Vega-Gomez FI, Miranda-Gonzalez FJ. Choosing between Formal and Informal Technology Transfer Channels: Determining Factors among Spanish Academicians. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2476. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052476

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vega-Gomez, Francisco I., and Francisco J. Miranda-Gonzalez. 2021. "Choosing between Formal and Informal Technology Transfer Channels: Determining Factors among Spanish Academicians" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2476. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052476

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