Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Spatial Differentiation of Urban Black and Odorous Waters in China
AbstractThe pollution problem caused by urban black and odorous waters has received much attention from the Chinese government. Our research aims at systematically identifying the characteristics and the influential factors of spatial differentiation of urban black and odorous waters across China. The research, based on the data of 2100 black and odorous waters in China, was conducted with the spatial analysis tool of ArcGIS. We found that the amount of Chinese urban black and odorous waters varied in spatial distribution, which was an agglomerated type with significant agglomeration. The kernel density was characterized by independent single kernel centers with ribbon-like and sporadic distributions of subcenters. The cold and hot spots showed a gradient distribution pattern of cold in the southwest and hot in the central east. These spatial distribution characteristics could be attributed to the following core factors, total wastewater discharge, length of urban drainage pipelines, municipal solid waste collection, daily urban sewage treatment capacity, and investment in urban pollution treatment of wastewater. The findings reveal the current geospatial distribution of black and odorous waters pollution and provide reference for the Chinese government to treat the pollution from several key points. Lastly, it is suggested that the Chinese government should establish joint control, joint prevention, and joint treatment mechanisms in the black and odorous waters areas and improve the safety standards of the whole water environment, so as to promote the treatment and elimination of urban black and odorous waters. View Full-Text
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Chen, G.; Luo, J.; Zhang, C.; Jiang, L.; Tian, L.; Chen, G. Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Spatial Differentiation of Urban Black and Odorous Waters in China. Sustainability 2018, 10, 4747.
Chen G, Luo J, Zhang C, Jiang L, Tian L, Chen G. Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Spatial Differentiation of Urban Black and Odorous Waters in China. Sustainability. 2018; 10(12):4747.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Guolei; Luo, Jing; Zhang, Chunyan; Jiang, Liang; Tian, Lingling; Chen, Guangping. 2018. "Characteristics and Influencing Factors of Spatial Differentiation of Urban Black and Odorous Waters in China." Sustainability 10, no. 12: 4747.
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