Next Article in Journal
Characteristics of Gel Time and Dielectric Strength of Epoxy Composite According to the Mixing Ratio of Micro-Fillers
Previous Article in Journal
Optimization of a Stirling Engine by Variable-Step Simplified Conjugate-Gradient Method and Neural Network Training Algorithm
Previous Article in Special Issue
Exploring Citizens’ Actions in Mitigating Climate Change and Moving toward Urban Circular Economy. A Multilevel Approach
Open AccessArticle

Circular Economy in Poland: Profitability Analysis for Two Methods of Waste Processing in Small Municipalities

1
Department of Operations Research and Business Intelligence, Wroclaw University of Science and Technology, Wyb. Wyspianskiego 27, 50-370 Wroclaw, Poland
2
Department of Finance and Strategic Analysis, EkoPartner Recykling Ltd., ul. Zielona 3, 59-300 Lubin, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Energies 2020, 13(19), 5166; https://doi.org/10.3390/en13195166
Received: 18 July 2020 / Revised: 14 September 2020 / Accepted: 22 September 2020 / Published: 4 October 2020
The problem of diminishing resources on our plant is now getting due attention from the governments as well as scientists around the world. The transition from a linear economy to a circular economy (CE) is now among the top priorities. This article discusses the implementation of the circular economy paradigm in Poland through the analysis of the existing and planned mechanisms, and actions taken by the Polish government which can be replicated by other young European countries. Further, the article discusses the direction of change and projected measures planned by the Polish government to improve the quality of municipal solid waste management. In this context, profitability analysis is carried out for two methods of waste processing (incineration and torrefaction) intended for small municipalities and settlements in which district heating and trading of generated electricity are not feasible. The results of the analysis shows that torrefaction is clearly a more desirable waste processing option as a step towards the implementation of CE for civic society in the urban context, as well as profitability, in comparison to incineration. The analysis accounts for several scenarios before the lockdown caused due to the COVID-19 pandemic and after it was lifted. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; profitability analysis; municipal solid waste processing; incineration; waste recycling; torrefaction; COVID-19 circular economy; profitability analysis; municipal solid waste processing; incineration; waste recycling; torrefaction; COVID-19
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Zaleski, P.; Chawla, Y. Circular Economy in Poland: Profitability Analysis for Two Methods of Waste Processing in Small Municipalities. Energies 2020, 13, 5166.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop