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Energies 2018, 11(3), 577; https://doi.org/10.3390/en11030577

Renewable Energy in Urban Areas: Worldwide Research Trends

1
Departamento de Física Aplicada, Universidad de Córdoba, CEIA3, Campus de Rabanales, 14071 Córdoba, Spain
2
Faculty of Engineering, Campus Coatzacoalcos, University of Veracruz, 96535 Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 January 2018 / Revised: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 7 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Urban Generation of Renewable Energy and Energy Saving in Cities)
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Abstract

This study aims to highlight the contribution made by different international institutions in the field of urban generation of renewable energy, as a key element to achieve sustainability. This has been possible through the use of the Scopus Elsevier database, and the application of bibliometric techniques through which the articles content published from 1977 to 2017 has been analysed. The results shown by Scopus (e.g., journal articles and conferences proceedings) have been taken into account for further analysis by using the following search pattern (TITLE-ABS-KEY ({Renewable energy} AND ({urban} OR ({cit*})). In order to carry out this study, key features of the publications have been taken into consideration, such as type of document, language, thematic area, type of publication, and keywords. As far as keywords are concerned, renewable energy, sustainability, sustainable development, urban areas, city, and energy efficiency, have been the most frequently used. The results found have been broken down both geographically and by institution, showing that China, the United States, the United Kingdom, Italy, Germany and India are the main research countries and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Education China and Tsinghua University the major contributing institutes. With regard to the categories, Energy, Environmental Sciences, and Engineering are positioned as the most active categories. The scientific community agrees that the study of the renewable energy generation in cities is of vital importance to achieve more sustainable cities, and for the welfare of a growing urban population. Moreover, this is in line with the energy policies adopted by most of developed countries in order to mitigate climate change effects. View Full-Text
Keywords: renewable energy; sustainable development; urban areas; city; bibliometric research renewable energy; sustainable development; urban areas; city; bibliometric research
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Perea-Moreno, M.-A.; Hernandez-Escobedo, Q.; Perea-Moreno, A.-J. Renewable Energy in Urban Areas: Worldwide Research Trends. Energies 2018, 11, 577.

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