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Article

Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Brazilian Portuguese Version of an Observational Measure for Parent–Child Responsive Caregiving

1
Department of Applied Psychology and Human Development, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S, Canada
2
Ontario Institute for Studies in Education, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON M5S, Canada
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Faculty of Psychology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas 96010900, Brazil
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Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas 96010900, Brazil
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Human Development and Violence Research Centre, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas 96010900, Brazil
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Postgraduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Pelotas, Pelotas 96010900, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Verónica Schiariti
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(3), 1246; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031246
Received: 23 December 2020 / Revised: 23 January 2021 / Accepted: 25 January 2021 / Published: 30 January 2021
Responsive caregiving is the dimension of parenting most consistently related to later child functioning in both developing and developed countries. There is a growing need for efficient, psychometrically sound and culturally appropriate measurement of this construct. This study describes the cross-cultural validation in Brazil of the Responsive Interactions for Learning (RIFL-P) measure, requiring only eight minutes for assessment and coding. The cross-cultural adaptation used a recognized seven-step procedure. The adapted version was applied to a stratified sample of 153 Brazilian mother–child (18 months) dyads. Videos of mother–child interaction were coded using the RIFL-P and a longer gold standard parenting assessment. Mothers completed a survey on child stimulation (18 months) and child outcomes were measured at 24 months. Internal consistency (α = 0.94), inter-rater reliability (r = 0.83), and intra-rater reliability (r = 0.94) were all satisfactory to high. RIFL-P scores were significantly correlated with another measurement of parenting (r’s ranged from 0.32 to 0.47, p < 0.001), stimulation markers (r = 0.34, p < 0.01), and children’s cognition (r = 0.29, p < 0.001), language (r = 0.28, p < 0.001), and positive behavior (r = 0.17, p < 0.05). The Brazilian Portuguese version is a valid and reliable instrument for a brief assessment of responsive caregiving. View Full-Text
Keywords: responsive caregiving; parent–child interaction; observational measurement; thin slice methodology; low- and middle-income countries; Brazil responsive caregiving; parent–child interaction; observational measurement; thin slice methodology; low- and middle-income countries; Brazil
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MDPI and ACS Style

Schneider, A.; Rodrigues, M.; Falenchuk, O.; Munhoz, T.N.; Barros, A.J.D.; Murray, J.; Domingues, M.R.; Jenkins, J.M. Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Brazilian Portuguese Version of an Observational Measure for Parent–Child Responsive Caregiving. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 1246. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031246

AMA Style

Schneider A, Rodrigues M, Falenchuk O, Munhoz TN, Barros AJD, Murray J, Domingues MR, Jenkins JM. Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Brazilian Portuguese Version of an Observational Measure for Parent–Child Responsive Caregiving. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(3):1246. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031246

Chicago/Turabian Style

Schneider, Alessandra, Michelle Rodrigues, Olesya Falenchuk, Tiago N. Munhoz, Aluisio J.D. Barros, Joseph Murray, Marlos R. Domingues, and Jennifer M. Jenkins. 2021. "Cross-Cultural Adaptation and Validation of the Brazilian Portuguese Version of an Observational Measure for Parent–Child Responsive Caregiving" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 3: 1246. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18031246

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