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Article

Effects of Different Types of Contraction Exercises on Shoulder Function and Muscle Strength in Patients with Adhesive Capsulitis

1
Department of Sports Science, Dongguk University, Gyeongju-si 38066, Korea
2
Samsung Medical Center, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Division of Sports Medicine, Seoul 06351, Korea
3
Department of Health Rehabilitation, Osan University, Osan-si 18119, Korea
4
Sports Medicine Center, Sunsoochon Hospital, Seoul 05556, Korea
5
Department of Sports Science, Hanyang University, Ansan-si 15588, Korea
6
Parc Athletic Training Center, Gwangju-si 12767, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
The author (Yong-Gon Seo) contributed equally to write this work with first author (Won-Moon Kim).
Academic Editor: Richard B. Kreider
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(24), 13078; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413078
Received: 17 October 2021 / Revised: 2 December 2021 / Accepted: 6 December 2021 / Published: 11 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise Physiology and Performance)
Although several studies have reported the effect of exercise therapy for adhesive capsulitis (AC), studies on the comparison of different exercise types on shoulder muscle strength and function in patients with AC are lacking. This study aimed to investigate the effect of different exercise types on shoulder muscle strength and function in patients with AC. Thirty female patients with AC were categorized into an eccentric contraction exercise group (ECG, n = 15; age, 51.53 ± 4.73 years) and a concentric contraction exercise group (CCG, n = 15; age, 52.40 ± 4.03 years). The participants in each group performed a different exercise program three times per week for 60 min per session for 12 weeks. The range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder joint, visual analog scale, shoulder muscle strength, and Constant–Murley score (CMS) were measured before the intervention and after 12 weeks of the exercise intervention. Shoulder ROM in flexion (increase of 31%) and external rotation (ER) (increase of 54%) showed a significant improvement in the ECG (p < 0.05). Muscle strength in ER was significantly different between the two groups (p < 0.05). Pain severity showed improvement in the ECG (decrease of 61%) after the intervention (p < 0.01). The CMS in the ECG (increase of 48%) showed a greater improvement than that in the CCG after the intervention (p < 0.01). This study showed that eccentric contraction exercise had a more beneficial effect than concentric contraction exercise for improving shoulder muscle strength and function in females with AC. View Full-Text
Keywords: shoulder adhesive capsulitis; muscle contraction; exercise therapy; muscle strength; recovery of function shoulder adhesive capsulitis; muscle contraction; exercise therapy; muscle strength; recovery of function
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, W.-M.; Seo, Y.-G.; Park, Y.-J.; Cho, H.-S.; Lee, S.-A.; Jeon, S.-J.; Ji, S.-M. Effects of Different Types of Contraction Exercises on Shoulder Function and Muscle Strength in Patients with Adhesive Capsulitis. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 13078. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413078

AMA Style

Kim W-M, Seo Y-G, Park Y-J, Cho H-S, Lee S-A, Jeon S-J, Ji S-M. Effects of Different Types of Contraction Exercises on Shoulder Function and Muscle Strength in Patients with Adhesive Capsulitis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(24):13078. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413078

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Won-Moon, Yong-Gon Seo, Yun-Jin Park, Han-Su Cho, Su-Ah Lee, Sang-Jun Jeon, and Sang-Min Ji. 2021. "Effects of Different Types of Contraction Exercises on Shoulder Function and Muscle Strength in Patients with Adhesive Capsulitis" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 24: 13078. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182413078

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