Next Article in Journal
Predicting Food Safety Compliance for Informed Food Outlet Inspections: A Machine Learning Approach
Previous Article in Journal
Assessing Efficiency of Urban Land Utilisation under Environmental Constraints in Yangtze River Delta, China
Article

β-Glucans Could Be Adjuvants for SARS-CoV-2 Virus Vaccines (COVID-19)

1
Department of Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, GIR: “Physical Exercise and Ageing”, University Campus “Los Pajaritos”, Valladolid University, 42004 Soria, Spain
2
Department of Anatomy and Radiology, Faculty of Health Sciences, GIR: “Physical Exercise and Ageing”, University Campus “Los Pajaritos”, Valladolid University, 42004 Soria, Spain
3
Department of Applied Biology-Nutrition, Institute of Bioengineering, Miguel Hernández University, 03202 Elche, Spain
4
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria y Biomédica de Alicante (ISABIAL), 03010 Alicante, Spain
5
CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBEROBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain
6
Spine Unit, Department of Surgery, Ophthalmology, Otorhinolaryngology and Physiotherapy, Faculty of Medicine, Hospital Clínico Universitario de Valladolid, 47003 Valladolid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(23), 12636; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312636
Received: 27 October 2021 / Revised: 26 November 2021 / Accepted: 27 November 2021 / Published: 30 November 2021
Waiting for an effective treatment against the SARS-CoV-2 virus (the cause of COVID-19), the current alternatives include prevention and the use of vaccines. At the moment, vaccination is the most effective strategy in the fight against pandemic. Vaccines can be administered with different natural biological products (adjuvants) with immunomodulating properties. Adjuvants can be taken orally, complementing vaccine action. Adjuvant compounds could play a key role in alleviating the symptoms of the disease, as well as in enhancing vaccine action. Adjuvants also contribute to an effective immune response and can enhance the protective effect of vaccines in immunocompromised individuals such as the elderly. Adjuvants must not produce adverse effects, toxicity, or any other symptoms that could alter immune system function. Vaccine adjuvants are substances of wide varying chemical structure that are used to boost the immune response against a simultaneously administered antigen. Glucans could work as adjuvants due to their immunomodulatory biological activity. In this respect, β-(1,3)-(1,6) glucans are considered the most effective and safe according to the list issued by the European Commission. Only glucans with a β-(1,3) bond linked to a β-(1,6) are considered modulators of certain biological responses. The aim of this review is to present the possible effects of β-glucans as adjuvants in the efficacy of vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 virus. View Full-Text
Keywords: β-glucans; COVID-19; immunomodulators; SARS-CoV-2; vaccination β-glucans; COVID-19; immunomodulators; SARS-CoV-2; vaccination
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Córdova-Martínez, A.; Caballero-García, A.; Roche, E.; Noriega, D.C. β-Glucans Could Be Adjuvants for SARS-CoV-2 Virus Vaccines (COVID-19). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 12636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312636

AMA Style

Córdova-Martínez A, Caballero-García A, Roche E, Noriega DC. β-Glucans Could Be Adjuvants for SARS-CoV-2 Virus Vaccines (COVID-19). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(23):12636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312636

Chicago/Turabian Style

Córdova-Martínez, Alfredo, Alberto Caballero-García, Enrique Roche, and David C. Noriega. 2021. "β-Glucans Could Be Adjuvants for SARS-CoV-2 Virus Vaccines (COVID-19)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 23: 12636. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182312636

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop