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Article

Need for Orthodontic Treatment in Pupils Aged between 12 and 15 in the Valencian Region (Spain)

Stomatology Department, University of Valencia, 46010 Valencia, Spain
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eduardo Bernabé
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(19), 10162; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910162
Received: 14 August 2021 / Revised: 22 September 2021 / Accepted: 24 September 2021 / Published: 27 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Oral Health: The First Step to Well-Being)
The World Health Organization recommends carrying out periodic epidemiological studies in order to provide a basis for the evaluation of the state of health of the population at any given time; in doing so, action strategies can be established for the treatment of different pathologies. The objective of this study is to evaluate the need for orthodontic treatment in adolescents at school aged between 12 and 15 in the Spanish autonomous region known as Comunidad Valenciana (hereafter: Valencian Region). A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 539 12-year-old schoolchildren and 460 15-year-olds, respectively, selected by cluster sampling and representative of the school-aged population of the Valencian Region, using the IOTN-DHC, IOTN-AC, and DAI indices. The need for specific orthodontic treatment according to the IOTN-DHC was 12.6% at 12 years and 7% at 15. For the IOTN-AC and DAI indices, the treatment needs were 4.3% and 0.9% at 12 years and 30.1% and 20.9% at the age of 15. These results were similar to those obtained in the previous study carried out on the same target population. There was no significant association between the need for treatment and gender or social class. We conclude that the need for orthodontic treatment presents values similar to those obtained in 2010. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral health; orthodontic treatment need; IOTN; DAI oral health; orthodontic treatment need; IOTN; DAI
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MDPI and ACS Style

Iranzo-Cortés, J.E.; Montiel-Company, J.M.; Bellot-Arcís, C.; Almerich-Torres, T.; Almerich-Silla, J.M. Need for Orthodontic Treatment in Pupils Aged between 12 and 15 in the Valencian Region (Spain). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 10162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910162

AMA Style

Iranzo-Cortés JE, Montiel-Company JM, Bellot-Arcís C, Almerich-Torres T, Almerich-Silla JM. Need for Orthodontic Treatment in Pupils Aged between 12 and 15 in the Valencian Region (Spain). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(19):10162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910162

Chicago/Turabian Style

Iranzo-Cortés, José E., José M. Montiel-Company, Carlos Bellot-Arcís, Teresa Almerich-Torres, and José M. Almerich-Silla. 2021. "Need for Orthodontic Treatment in Pupils Aged between 12 and 15 in the Valencian Region (Spain)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 19: 10162. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph181910162

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