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Effect of Environmental Regulation on Industrial Solid Waste Pollution in China: From the Perspective of Formal Environmental Regulation and Informal Environmental Regulation

College of Economics and Management, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100083, China
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(21), 7798; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17217798
Received: 4 September 2020 / Revised: 17 October 2020 / Accepted: 19 October 2020 / Published: 25 October 2020
To address the concern of environmental pollution, it is necessary to study the effect of environmental regulation on industrial solid waste emission reduction in China. This paper aimed to analyze the effectiveness of provincial environmental regulation (both formal and informal) on the industrial solid waste emission reduction. The results show that both the effect of formal and informal environmental regulations on industrial solid waste emission intensity present an inverted “U” shape. The threshold value of per capita GDP as an indicator variable is CNY 16,299 and CNY 15,572 respectively. The effect on pollution emission reduction will appear when the value is higher than the threshold, and the two-way transmission mechanism between formal and informal environmental regulations does exist. When GDP per capita exceeds CNY 27,961, there is a phenomenon of “rebound” in the effect of informal environmental regulation on pollution reduction. Based on the findings, it was suggested that both formal and informal environmental regulation should be promoted to achieve the goal of industrial solid waste emission reduction. The coordination between formal and informal environmental regulation should be considered when the government makes policies. Different environmental regulation policies should be implemented in different regions. Informal regulation should be enriched and further promoted. Environmental law should play an important role in maintaining the public’s participation in environmental regulation to prevent the failure of informal environmental regulation. View Full-Text
Keywords: formal environmental regulation; informal environmental regulation; industrial solid waste; panel threshold model; China formal environmental regulation; informal environmental regulation; industrial solid waste; panel threshold model; China
MDPI and ACS Style

Xiong, B.; Wang, R. Effect of Environmental Regulation on Industrial Solid Waste Pollution in China: From the Perspective of Formal Environmental Regulation and Informal Environmental Regulation. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7798.

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